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Ornithogalum umbellatum L.
GARDEN STAR-OF-BETHLEHEM
Ornithogalum angustifolium; Sleepydick; Nap-at-noon; Sleepy dick

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Asparagaceae   Ornithogalum

Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 8
Ornithogalum umbellatum

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Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum

Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum

Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum

Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum

Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ornithogalum umbellatum

Ornithogalum umbellatum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ornithogalum umbellatum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Ornithogalum umbellatum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ornithogalum umbellatum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Ornithogalum umbellatum, inflorescence - closeup of flower interior
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ornithogalum umbellatum, inflorescence - closeup of flower interior
Ornithogalum umbellatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ornithogalum umbellatum, whole plant - in flower - general view

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium ornithogali @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Heterosporium ornithogali @ BPI (10)

Septoria ornithogali @ BPI (13)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia liliacearum @ BPI (43)

Puccinia lojkaiana @ BPI (7)

Puccinia ornithogali @ BPI (1)

Puccinia siliacearum @ BPI (1)

Uromyces ornithogali @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis cana @ BPI (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium niesslii @ BPI (4)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis ornithogali @ BPI (4)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago ornithogali @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Ornithogalum umbellatum L. Star-of-bethlehem
Hyacinthaceae — Hyacinth family
Invasive non-native
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Bellevue State Park
May 2001

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Ornithogalum umbellatum L.

Ornithogalum umbellatum plant

Family - Liliaceae

Stems - Bulbs. Aerial stem glabrous, 20-30cm tall, +/-4mm in diameter.

Leaves - Linear, grasslike, entire, basal, glabrous, +20cm long, 5-6mm broad, often involute, with a light green to whitish midrib.

Inflorescence - Raceme to +8cm tall. Pedicels glaucous, to +4cm long, 2mm in diameter. Single bracts at base of pedicels to 4cm long, scarious, 4mm broad at base, attenuate.

Flowers - Tepals 6, white above, white with green stripe below, glabrous, free, oblong to linear, 1.5cm long, 5mm broad. Stamens 6, erect, slightly exserted. Anthers flattened, 7mm long, 2mm broad at base, keeled, connivent around ovary. Anthers yellow, 2.5cm long, 1.2mm broad. Ovary superior, with 6 ridges, 3-locular, many seeded, placentation axile. Style 1, 2.5-3mm long, white, glabrous. Flowers highly nectariferous.

Ornithogalum umbellatum flower

Ornithogalum umbellatum tepals Abaxial side of tepals.

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Cultivated and escaped into open fields, waste ground, parks, open woods, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - Like many of the lilies, this plant is toxic. Apparently it is quick to spread and hence easy to propagate. The individual flowers don't last long, only a couple of days, but the plant produces many flowers and is certainly striking.

Photographs taken by Tom's Creek, NC., 4-20-03, and near Charrette Creek, Warren County, MO., 4-17-04.

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ORUM ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ORUM
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ORUM ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ORUM
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ornithogalum umbellatum L.
star of Bethlehem

Image of Ornithogalum umbellatum

General Information
Symbol: ORUM
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Other Common Names: sleepydick
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ornithogalum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Manassas, Conway Robinson Memorial Forest. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Weston. Usage Requirements .

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, OK, Edmond. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 509. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Ornithogalum L. – star of Bethlehem
Species Ornithogalum umbellatum L. – star of Bethlehem

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Alabama star of Bethlehem Class C noxious weed
Connecticut star-of-bethlehem Potentially invasive, not banned
U.S. Weed Information
Ornithogalum umbellatum Pyrenees star of Bethlehem star-of-Bethlehem This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ORUM)
CalPhotos (ORUM)
Flora of North America (ORUM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ORUM)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ORUM)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ORUM)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ORUM)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ORUM)
Related Websites
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (ORUM)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ornithogalum+umbellatum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ornithogalum+umbellatum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 9
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ornithogalum umbellatum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Star-of-bethlehem
ID: 0000 0000 0504 0011 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Star-of-bethlehem
ID: 0000 0000 0504 0012 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Star-of-bethlehem
ID: 0000 0000 0504 0013 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0667 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1561 [detail]
© 2006 Luigi Rignanese

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1563 [detail]
© 2006 Luigi Rignanese

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1564 [detail]
© 2006 Luigi Rignanese

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1565 [detail]
© 2006 Luigi Rignanese

Ornithogalum umbellatum
Ornithogalum umbellatum
Star-of-bethlehem
ID: 0000 0000 1108 1736 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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