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Panax quinquefolius L.
AMERICAN GINSENG
Panax quinquefolium

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Araliaceae   Panax

Panax quinquefolius, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Panax quinquefolius, whole plant - juvenile

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Panax quinquefolius, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Panax quinquefolius, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Panax quinquefolius, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Panax quinquefolius, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Panax quinquefolius, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Panax quinquefolius, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
Panax quinquefolius, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Panax quinquefolius, stem - showing leaf bases

Panax quinquefolius, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Panax quinquefolius, stem - showing leaf bases
Panax quinquefolius, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Panax quinquefolius, whole plant - juvenile

Panax quinquefolius, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Panax quinquefolius, whole plant - juvenile
Panax quinquefolius
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Panax quinquefolius

Panax quinquefolius
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Panax quinquefolius
Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, leaf base
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, leaf base

Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng
Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng

Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng
Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Chaetomiaceae  Thielavia basicola @ BPI (3)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum dematium @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Acrostalagmus albus @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria araliae @ BPI (1)

Alternaria panax @ BPI (36)
Pythiaceae  Phytophthora cactorum @ BPI (7)

Phytophthora @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Sclerotinia @ BPI (1)
Turritellidae  Vermicularia dematium @ BPI (3)

Vermicularia @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Panax quinquefolius L. American Ginseng
Araliaceae — Ginseng family
Rare native
Panax quinquefolius
Brandywine Creek State Park
July 2005 Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
July 2013

Guides to Panax and Araliaceae of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Panax quinquefolium L. - Ginseng

Panax quinquefolium plant

Family - Araliaceae

Stems - Solitary from big root, to 50cm tall ,glabrous, green, erect, herbaceous, fragrant.

Leaves - Whorled, 3 or 4 in number, palmately 5-foliate. Petioles glabrous, to 10cm long. Petiolules to +/-2cm long, glabrous, with a shallow adaxial groove. Leaflets to +/-10cm long, +/-6cm broad, abruptly acuminate, double serrate, obovate, glabrous.

Panax quinquefolium leaflet Leaflet.

Inflorescence - Solitary terminal pedunculate umbel with +/-25 flowers. Peduncle to +10cm long, glabrous. Pedicels to 3mm in flower, longer in fruit, glabrous.

Flowers - Petals whitish-green, +/-2mm long, 1.1mm broad, glabrous, slightly keeled abaxially, ovate to subulate, rounded at apex. Stamens 5, erect. Filaments glabrous, 2mm long, greenish-white. Anthers whitish, 1.1mm long. Style(s) green, glabrous, to 1.5mm long. Calyx green, glabrous, 2mm long in flower, 5-toothed. Teeth minute, broadly triangular, acute, .5mm long. Ovary inferior, 2-locular, with a nectariferous ring at apex. Drupes red when ripe, to 1cm broad, glabrous.

Panax quinquefolium fruits Developing fruits.

Flowering - June - July.

Habitat - Wooded slopes, moist ground.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - "Ginseng", as this popular species is often called, is becoming very rare in Missouri and over much of its range due to over-collecting for medicinal use. The plant is believed to have medicinal uses ranging from an being an aphrodisiac to a cancer fighter. Because of the high demand for the plant, it is rarely found growing wild.
Populations of this species have been successfully cultivated and this may be its only chance for survival as a species.

Photographs taken in Ellington, MO., 6-29-01, and near Stegal Mountain, MO., 6-25-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PAQU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PAQU
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PAQU

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Panax+quinquefolius&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Panax+quinquefolius&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Panax+quinquefolius&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2017-12-12 07:08:00 gmt
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