Main identification features
- tail ~57 percent total length
- rear nostril: tube before eye
- lateral line has 50-51 scales pores before anus
Body stout, ~cylindrical; head large, ~16% of total length; snout tapered; eye large (~snout length); flanges on sides of both jaws, bottom lip flange only slightly less thick than top lip flange, hollowed out area behind top flange NOT divided in 2 by vertical partition; front nostril tubular, near tip of snout, points forward & to side, with small pore behind; rear nostril tubular, relatively forward - 1/2 pupil diameter before middle of eye; with small pore above; jaw teeth compressed, in 2 irregular rows above, 1-3 rows below; dorsal origin over pectoral fin; top of gill opening above top of pectoral fin base; openings relatively close together below (~1/2 length of gill opening); pectoral well developed, relatively short (30% of head length); dorsal origin over rear 1/3 pectoral; tail relatively short, ~57% of total length, blunt, with small tail fin; lateral line from side of nape to tip of tail, ~130 pores, 50-51 before anus.
(Preserved fish) Dull yellowish olive above, with head and nape darker; lighter on sides; underside of head and belly dark grey; dorsal and anal light yellow-olive; pectorals pale.
Size: 42.3 cm.
Habitat: sandy bottoms.
Depth: 49-150 m.
The tip of Baja and the southern edge of the mouth of the Gulf of California to Panama.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 150 m.
Depth Range Min: 49 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=24; Southern limit=8; Western limit=-110; Eastern limit=-79; Latitudinal range=16; Longitudinal range=31.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 42.3 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic; All species.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;
Links to other sites|
- Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
- Wade, C.B., 1946., Two new genera and five new species of apodal fishes from the eastern Pacific., Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 9(7):181-213.
I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.
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Common name (e.g. trout)
Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Eels and morays) >
(Conger and garden eels) > Bathymyrinae
Greek, para = the side of + Latin, conger = conger (Ref.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 108 - 150 m (Ref.
Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico, Revillagigedo and the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Smith, D.G. and E.S. Karmovskaya
, 2003. A new genus and two new species of congrid eels (Teleostei: Anguilliformes: Congridae) from the Indo-West Pacific, with a redescription and osteology of
. Zootaxa 343:1-19. (Ref.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref.
Least Concern (LC)
Threat to humans
Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Websites from users
Catalog of Fishes
) | GloBI |
| IGFA World Record |
Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes
| Reef Life Survey |
Tree of Life
) | World Records Freshwater Fishing |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 12.7 - 14.9, mean 14.8 (based on 5 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00110 (0.00042 - 0.00289), b=3.07 (2.84 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.8 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Garilao, Cristina V.
Orta├▒ez, Auda Kareen
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