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Paraconger similis (Wade, 1946)
SHORTTAIL CONGER
Stub-nose conger

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Congridae   Paraconger

Paraconger similis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Paraconger similis

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Overview
Main identification features
  • tail ~57 percent total length
  • rear nostril: tube before eye
  • lateral line has 50-51 scales pores before anus
Short-tail conger

Body stout, ~cylindrical; head large, ~16% of total length; snout tapered; eye large (~snout length); flanges on sides of both jaws, bottom lip flange only slightly less thick than top lip flange, hollowed out area behind top flange NOT divided in 2 by vertical partition; front nostril tubular, near tip of snout, points forward & to side, with small pore behind; rear nostril tubular, relatively forward - 1/2 pupil diameter before middle of eye; with small pore above; jaw teeth compressed, in 2 irregular rows above, 1-3 rows below; dorsal origin over pectoral fin; top of gill opening above top of pectoral fin base; openings relatively close together below (~1/2 length of gill opening); pectoral well developed, relatively short (30% of head length); dorsal origin over rear 1/3 pectoral; tail relatively short, ~57% of total length, blunt, with small tail fin; lateral line from side of nape to tip of tail, ~130 pores, 50-51 before anus.

(Preserved fish) Dull yellowish olive above, with head and nape darker; lighter on sides; underside of head and belly dark grey; dorsal and anal light yellow-olive; pectorals pale.

Size: 42.3 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 49-150 m.

The tip of Baja and the southern edge of the mouth of the Gulf of California to Panama.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 150 m.
Depth Range Min: 49 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=24; Southern limit=8; Western limit=-110; Eastern limit=-79; Latitudinal range=16; Longitudinal range=31.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 42.3 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Wade, C.B., 1946., Two new genera and five new species of apodal fishes from the eastern Pacific., Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 9(7):181-213.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Paraconger&speciesname=similis ---> http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Paraconger-similis.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Paraconger similis   (Wade, 1946)

Shorttail conger Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Paraconger similis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Paraconger similis (Shorttail conger) Paraconger similis
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Congridae (Conger and garden eels) > Bathymyrinae
Etymology: Paraconger: Greek, para = the side of + Latin, conger = conger (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 108 - 150 m (Ref. 9292 ).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico, Revillagigedo and the Galapagos Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9292 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Smith, D.G. and E.S. Karmovskaya , 2003. A new genus and two new species of congrid eels (Teleostei: Anguilliformes: Congridae) from the Indo-West Pacific, with a redescription and osteology of Chiloconger dentatus . Zootaxa 343:1-19. (Ref. 50529 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 12.7 - 14.9, mean 14.8 (based on 5 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00110 (0.00042 - 0.00289), b=3.07 (2.84 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Orta├▒ez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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