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Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott
Virginia arrow-arum; Green arrow-arum; Tuckahoe

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Araceae   Peltandra

Peltandra virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Peltandra virginica

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Peltandra virginica, Tuckahoe
© Copyright Hank Ohme, 2008 · 1
Peltandra virginica, Tuckahoe
Peltandra virginica, Tuckahoe
© Copyright Hank Ohme, 2008 · 1
Peltandra virginica, Tuckahoe

Peltandra virginica, plant
© George Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Peltandra virginica, plant
Peltandra virginica, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Peltandra virginica, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia aquatica @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium paludosum @ BPI (6); 395311A (1); 395311B (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora callae @ BPI (1)

Cercospora pachyspora @ BPI (3)

Cercospora @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces ari-triphylli @ BPI (18)

Uromyces caladii @ 876092B (1); BPI (118)
Pythiaceae  Phytophthora @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Sclerotium caladii @ BPI (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium importatum @ BPI (1)
_  Gn_ms_naranjakotta sp_ms_hakeaphila @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PEVI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PEVI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PEVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PEVI
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Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott
green arrow arum

Image of Peltandra virginica

General Information
Symbol: PEVI
Group: Monocot
Family: Araceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Peltandra thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 444. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
PETH8 Peltandra tharpii F.A. Barkley


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Arecidae
Order Arales
Family Araceae – Arum family
Genus Peltandra Raf. – arrow arum
Species Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott – green arrow arum

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Iowa arrow arum Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West OBL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PEVI)
Flora of North America (PEVI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PETH8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PEVI)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PEVI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PEVI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PEVI)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (PEVI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PEVI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PEVI)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Low
Yarrow Low Moderate


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Araceae | Peltandra

2. Peltandra virginica (Linnaeus) Schott in H. W. Schott and S. L. Endlicher, Meletemata Botanica. 19. 1832.

Arrow arum, t Arrow arum, u tTuckahoe, peltandre

Arum virginicum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 966. 1753; Peltandra luteospadix Fernald; P. tharpii F. A. Barkley

Leaves: petiole green to purple-green, 38--98 cm; blade medium green, not glaucous or slightly glaucous abaxially, 9--57 ´ (2.5--)5--15(--31) cm, larger on average and more variable in shape than in Peltandra sagittifolia; lateral veins of 2 thicknesses. Inflorescences 7--25 cm; peduncle 20--56 cm; spathe tube green outside, paler green within, closed; 1.5--3.5(--5.2) ´ 0.7--1.9 cm; spathe blade green to green with white or yellow-green along margins, loosening only to slightly open to fully open at anthesis, (5.9--)8.5--21.4 ´ 0.5--2.3 cm, margins undulate; spadix tapering apically, more than 1/2 to almost as long as spathe. Flowers: pistillate flowers pale green to greenish white, ovaries 1-locular; ovules 1--4; staminate portion of spadix white, cream white, or pale yellow; sterile flowers between pistillate and staminate flowers; sterile tip 0.5--2 cm. Infructescences enclosed by spathe tube, rotting away to release fruits. Fruits pea green to mottled green or very dark purple-green, 10--18 ´ 6--16 mm. Seeds 1--2(--4), embedded in mucilage, 8--17 mm. 2n = 112.

Flowering spring--late summer, also fall and winter in the extreme southern areas of its range. Wetland habitats, including bogs, swamps, freshwater to low-salinity tidal marshes, and ditches, as well as along the edges of ponds, lakes, and rivers; 0--1200 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Leaf shape is highly variable in Peltandra virginica, and different forms have been recognized taxonomically, both at the specific and infraspecific levels. Since Because leaf shape varies within populations and even within an individual clump of plants, P. virginica is treated here as a single taxon.

Populations of Peltandra virginica are most common along the Atlantic Coastal Plain, but its range appears to be actively expanding. Since 1978, the species was reported as new to the floras of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, West Virginia, and Wisconsin, and introduced populations may persist in Oregon and California. Fruits and seeds of P. virginica are a food for wildlife, especially waterfowl, and their use by migratory birds is an important factor in the spread of this species.

The flowers of Peltandra virginica are pollinated by a chloropid fly, Elachiptera formosa (Diptera: Chloropidae), which uses the inflorescence as a mating site and a larval food source. Eggs are deposited within the inflorescence, and the emerging larvae feed on the rotting male portion of the spadix. The fruits are primarily dispersed by water, although animals also play a role.

Peltandra virginica may have been an important food plant for eastern Native Americans, especially in the mid-Atlantic coastal region from Pennsylvania to Virginia, where the plants are now common and grow in large, dense populations. Historical accounts mention use of the rhizomes as well as the leaves, fruits, and seeds as food.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Peltandra+virginica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Peltandra+virginica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Peltandra virginica%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

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Peltandra virginica
Peltandra virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0110 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Peltandra virginica
Peltandra virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0115 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   

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