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Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.
COMMOM REED
Phragmites; Common Reed; Cane Grass; Arundo australis Cav; Arundo australis Roem & Schult; Arundo vulgaris Lam; Phragmites communis Trin; Phragmites vulgaris Lam Crep; Phragmites communis

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Poaceae   Phragmites

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Phragmites australis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phragmites australis

Phragmites australis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phragmites australis, whole plant - in flower - general view

Phragmites australis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phragmites australis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Phragmites australis, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phragmites australis, stem - showing leaf bases

Phragmites australis, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phragmites australis, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Phragmites australis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phragmites australis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Phragmites australis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phragmites australis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Phragmites australis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phragmites australis

Phragmites australis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phragmites australis

Phragmites australis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phragmites australis

Phragmites australis, _seedhead.JP80279_30.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Phragmites australis, seedhead
JP80279_30

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphelinidae  Coccobius @ UCRC_ENT (23)
Apiosporaceae  Apiospora montagnei @ BPI (2)

Arthrinium phaeospermum @ BPI (1)
Clavicipitaceae  Claviceps purpurea @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Hysteropezizella phragmitina @ BPI (1)

Mollisia @ BPI (1)

Tapesia retincola @ BPI (1)
Dothideaceae  Scirrhia rimosa @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Albotricha agrostina @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus tenuissimus @ BPI (1)
Massarinaceae  Keissleriella linearis @ BPI (1)
Montagnulaceae  Montagnula rhodophaea @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Deightoniella arundinacea @ BPI (3)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria arundinacea @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria cumulata @ BPI (1)

Phaeosphaeria nigrans @ BPI (2)

Stagonospora vexata @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia isiacae @ BPI (1)

Puccinia magnusiana @ BPI (1); 081832B (1); 081832A (1)

Puccinia phragmitis @ BPI (4)

Puccinia @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Lophodermium arundinaceum @ BPI (1)
Tilletiaceae  Neovossia moliniae @ BPI (1)

Tilletia nigrifaciens @ BPI (2)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago grandis @ BPI (3)
_  Cytoplacosphaeria rimosa @ BPI (1)

Pirostoma circinans @ BPI (1)

Polythrinciopsis phragmitis @ BPI (1)

Tetranacrium gramineum @ BPI (1)

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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.vnps.org/invasive/invphrag.htm

Following modified from University of Florida, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/node/323

Following modified from Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 403 Forbidden http://wiki.bugwood.org/Phragmites_australis/

Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=5&page=329

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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You have requested an unaccepted/invalid name entry, the corresponding accepted/valid name is presented here as the result.
 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Poales  
 Family Poaceae  
 Genus Phragmites  
  Phragmites australis    (Cav.) Trin ex Steud., 1841 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Arundo aggerum Arundo australis Arundo barbata Arundo egmontiana Arundo filiformis Arundo graeca Arundo naga Arundo nigricans Arundo occidentalis Arundo palustris Arundo phragmites details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 5: 329, 2000
Name Code: 201639
  IUCN Red List:LC      
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHAU7 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHAU7
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHAU7 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHAU7
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHAU7 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHAU7
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.
common reed

Image of Phragmites australis

General Information
Symbol: PHAU7
Group: Monocot
Family: Poaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Shrub
Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   I,N
HI   I
L48   I,N
PR   N?
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Phragmites thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Cambridge. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States . USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 200. Washington, DC. 1950. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 232. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PHAUB Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. var. berlandieri (Fourn.) C.F. Reed
PHCO15 Phragmites communis Trin.
PHCOB Phragmites communis Trin. ssp. berlandieri (Fourn.) Á. Löve & D. Löve
PHCOB2 Phragmites communis Trin. var. berlandieri (Fourn.) Fernald
PHPH4 Phragmites phragmites (L.) Karst., nom. inval.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family
Genus Phragmites Adans. – reed
Species Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. – common reed

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 4 subspecies of Phragmites australis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Phragmites australis</i>
(Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. ssp. <i>
americanus</i>
Saltonst., P.M. Peterson & Soreng
Phragmites australis ssp. americanus
American common reed Distribution of <i>
Phragmites australis</i>
(Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. ssp. <i>
americanus × ssp. australis</i>
[unnamed hybrid]
Phragmites australis ssp. americanus × ssp. australis
hybrid common reed Distribution of <i>
Phragmites australis</i>
(Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. ssp. <i>
australis </i>
Phragmites australis ssp. australis
European common reed Distribution of <i>
Phragmites australis</i>
(Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. ssp. <i>
berlandieri</i>
(E. Fourn.) Saltonst. & Hauber
Phragmites australis ssp. berlandieri
subtropical common reed

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Alabama phragmites, common reed Class C noxious weed
Connecticut common reed Invasive, banned
Massachusetts common reed Prohibited
South Carolina common reed Plant pest common reed Invasive aquatic plant
Vermont common reed Class B noxious weed
Washington common reed Class C noxious weed 1
1 non-native genotypes
U.S. Weed Information
Phragmites australis common reed Phragmites communis common reed
This plant and synonym italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FACW
Hawaii OBL
North America
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PHAU7)
CalPhotos (PHAU7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHAU7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHAUB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHCO15)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHCOB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHCOB2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHPH4)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PHAU7)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PHAU7)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PHAU7)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (PHAU7)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Illustration (PHAU7)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (PHAU7)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PHAU7)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (PHAU7)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PHAU7)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PHAU7)
Related Websites
Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plant Info. System: abstract & image (PHAU7)
CT-USDA NRCS Invasive Species Identification Sheets (PHAU7)
Cornell University Biological Control (PHAU7)
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (PHAU7)
MA-Controlling the All-Too-Common Reed (PHAU7)
NY-Native or Introduced Genotypes? (Cornell Univ) (PHAU7)
TX-Vascular Plant Image Gallery (TAMU) (PHAU7)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (PHAU7)
WA-King County Noxious Weeds (PHAU7)
http://herbarium.biol.sc.edu/scplantatlas.html (PHAU7)
http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/vascular.shtml (PHAU7)
http://www.coordinatesolutions.com/ovpd/ovpd.aspx (PHAU7)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phragmites+australis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phragmites+australis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 42
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Phragmites australis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 6246 3041 2849 0071 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 6246 3041 2849 0070 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 6246 3041 2849 0069 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 8253 3202 3492 0057 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 0000 0000 1005 0883 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 0000 0000 1005 0890 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 0000 0000 1005 0891 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 0000 0000 1005 0898 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 0000 0000 1005 0902 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 0000 0000 1005 0904 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 0000 0000 1005 0906 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0206 1095 [detail]
© 2006 Luigi Rignanese

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0206 1102 [detail]
© 2006 Luigi Rignanese

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2587 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2588 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2589 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0509 1809 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Rice

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0509 1810 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Rice

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0509 2804 [detail]
© 2009 Steve Matson

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0509 2805 [detail]
© 2009 Steve Matson

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0509 2806 [detail]
© 2009 Steve Matson

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
Common Reed
ID: 0000 0000 0909 0425 [detail]
© 2009 Robert Sivinski

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1546 [detail]
© 2010 Steve Matson

Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1547 [detail]
© 2010 Steve Matson

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