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Pinus strobus L.
WEYMOUTH PINE
Pinus tenuifolia Salisb nom illegit; Eastern white pine; White Pine

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

Pinus strobus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus strobus

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Pinus strobus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus strobus
Pinus strobus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus strobus

Pinus strobus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus strobus
Pinus strobus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus strobus

Pinus strobus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus strobus
Pinus strobus, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus strobus, cone - female - mature open

Pinus strobus, cone - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus strobus, cone - male
Pinus strobus, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus strobus, leaf - entire needle

Pinus strobus, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus strobus, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
Pinus strobus, cone - female - closed
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus strobus, cone - female - closed

Pinus strobus, cone - female - closed
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus strobus, cone - female - closed
Pinus strobus, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus strobus, cone - female - mature open

Pinus strobus, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus strobus, whole tree - general
Pinus strobus, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus strobus, leaf - entire needle

Pinus strobus, _branch.JP80032_05.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Pinus strobus, branch
JP80032_05
Pinus strobus, _leaf.JP80032_07.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Pinus strobus, leaf
JP80032_07

Pinus strobus, _leaf_cluster.JP80032_06.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Pinus strobus, leaf cluster
JP80032_06

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Achilidae  Catonia lunata @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Catonia picta @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Catonia pumila @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Cixidia fusca @ UDCC_NRI (1)
Agaricaceae  Phoma acuum @ BPI (1)

Phoma bacteriophila @ BPI (2)

Phoma caudata @ BPI (1)

Phoma cembrae @ BPI (1)

Phoma libertiana @ BPI (2)

Phoma pithya @ BPI (2)

Phoma pityella @ BPI (3)

Phoma strobi @ BPI (1)

Phoma strobiligena @ BPI (3)

Phoma strobilum @ BPI (2)

Phoma @ BPI (9)
Alcyoniidae  Rhytisma lineare @ 650583B (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia artocreas @ BPI (4)

Pestalotia conigena @ BPI (3)

Pestalotia foedans @ BPI (5)

Pestalotia funerea @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia peregrina @ 406464A (1); 406464B (1)

Pestalotia stevensonii @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia @ BPI (1)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella capillifera @ BPI (2)

Ceratostomella exigua @ BPI (1)

Ceratostomella pilifera @ BPI (8)

Ceratostomella @ BPI (1)
Anthocoridae  Xylocoris cursitans @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ NCSU_ENT (40)

Prociphilus ( @ NCSU (72); NCSU_ENT (3)
Ascodichaenaceae  Dichaena strobilina @ BPI (2)
Asterinidae  Asterina pinastri @ BPI (7)
Atheliaceae  Athelia galzinii @ BPI (2)

Leptosporomyces fuscostratus @ BPI (1)
Biatorellaceae  Biatorella resinae @ BPI (9)

Biatorella @ BPI (1)
Botryobasidiaceae  Botryobasidium vagum @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia megalospora @ BPI (1)

Diplodia pinea @ BPI (3); 368686C (1); 368686A (1); 368686B (1)

Dothiorella pinastri @ BPI (1)

Dothiorella pithyophila @ BPI (1)

Dothiorella pitya @ BPI (5)

Dothiorella strobi @ BPI (1)

Dothiorella @ BPI (4)

Fusicoccum @ BPI (3)

Sphaeropsis ellisii @ 863240B (1); 374263B (1); BPI (12); 863063B (1)

Sphaeropsis malorum @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis sapinea @ BPI (3)

Sphaeropsis @ BPI (3)
Capnodiaceae  Capnodium pini @ 698877B (1); 698877A (1); BPI (52)

Capnodium @ BPI (1)

Scorias spongiosa @ BPI (1)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Ceratobasidium atratum @ BPI (1)

Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (1)
Ceratocystidaceae  Ceratocystis huntii @ BPI (1)

Ceratocystis minor @ BPI (1)

Ceratocystis multiannulata @ BPI (1)

Ceratocystis pilifera @ BPI (1)
Cercopidae  Aphrophora cribrata @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca bifurcata @ III (1)

Empoasca coccinea @ III (55)

Empoasca erigeron @ III (1)

Empoasca fabae @ III (1)

Gyponana ( @ NCSU (1)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora arida @ BPI (3)

Coniophora byssoidea @ BPI (1)

Coniophora cerebella @ BPI (4)

Coniophora olivacea @ BPI (1)

Coniophora olivascens @ BPI (1)

Coniophora polyporoidea @ BPI (1)

Coniophora puteana @ BPI (4)

Coniophora sistotremoides @ BPI (2)

Coniophora suffocata @ BPI (1)

Coniophora @ BPI (1)

Pseudomerulius aureus @ BPI (1)

Serpula himantioides @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium abeuns @ BPI (1)

Corticium berkeleyi @ BPI (1)

Corticium bicolor @ BPI (1)

Corticium calceum @ BPI (2)

Corticium canadense @ BPI (3)

Corticium confluens @ BPI (1)

Corticium evolvens @ BPI (1)

Corticium furfuraceum @ BPI (2)

Corticium fuscostratum @ BPI (9)

Corticium galactinum @ 281521A (1); BPI (6); 281521B (1)

Corticium galzinii @ BPI (1)

Corticium giganteum @ BPI (2)

Corticium investiens @ BPI (1)

Corticium lacteum @ BPI (2)

Corticium lividum @ BPI (3)

Corticium ochraceum @ BPI (1)

Corticium ochroleucum @ BPI (1)

Corticium pelliculare @ BPI (2)

Corticium radiosum @ BPI (3)

Corticium roseum @ BPI (5)

Corticium seriale @ BPI (2)

Corticium subinvisibile @ BPI (1)

Corticium suecicum @ BPI (3)

Corticium sulphureum @ BPI (2)

Corticium tulasnelloideum @ BPI (1)

Corticium vagum @ BPI (4)

Laeticorticium pini @ BPI (14)
Coryneliaceae  Caliciopsis pinea @ BPI (79)
Corynidae  Coryne sarcoides @ BPI (1)
Cribrariaceae  Cribraria rufa @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium ribicola @ 859354B (1); BPI (327); 868593B (1)

Cronartium strobilinum @ BPI (2)

Peridermium globosum @ BPI (1)

Peridermium strobi @ BPI (25)
Cryptomycetaceae  Potebniamyces coniferarum @ BPI (13)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria pithyophila @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces corticioides @ BPI (2)

Dacrymyces deliquescens @ BPI (2)

Dacrymyces palmatus @ BPI (1)

Dacrymyces punctiformis @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Atropellis pinicola @ BPI (3)

Atropellis tingens @ BPI (4)

Atropellis @ BPI (2)

Dermea eucrita @ BPI (2)

Dermea @ BPI (1)

Excipula strobi @ BPI (1)

Mollisia cinerea @ BPI (1)

Mollisia pinastri @ BPI (5)

Mollisia scoleconectriae @ BPI (1)

Pezicula eucrita @ BPI (3)

Pezicula livida @ BPI (16)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis conorum @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis occulta @ BPI (5)

Phomopsis pseudotsugae @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis strobi @ 359068B (1); BPI (4); 359068A (1)
Diaspididae  Chionaspis pinifoliae @ MEMU_ENT (5)
Diatrypaceae  Eutypella fraxinicola @ BPI (1)

Peroneutypa @ BPI (1)
Dothioraceae  Dothichiza exigua @ BPI (3)

Dothichiza @ BPI (1)
Endogonaceae  Endogone flammicorona @ BPI (1)
Entolomataceae  Claudopus nidulans @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Oidium aureofulvum @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Pseudohydnum gelatinosum @ BPI (1)

Stypella papillata @ BPI (4)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea berkeleyi @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Discula pinicola @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum foxii @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia foliicola @ BPI (7)

Hendersonia pini @ 374263A (1); 863240A (1); 863063A (1)

Hendersonia @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium abietis @ BPI (37)

Cenangium acicola @ BPI (1)

Cenangium acuum @ BPI (18)

Cenangium ferruginosum @ BPI (21)

Cenangium @ BPI (5)

Pezizella hyalina @ BPI (1)

Pezizella minuta @ BPI (1)

Tympanis buchsii @ BPI (1)

Tympanis confusa @ BPI (16)

Tympanis hypopodia @ BPI (6)

Tympanis pinastri @ 875960A (1); BPI (30); 859354A (1)

Tympanis pithya @ BPI (15)

Tympanis @ BPI (12)

Xylogramma hysterinum @ BPI (1)
Hericiaceae  Mucronella aggregata @ BPI (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (32); 868593A (1)

Dasyscyphus calyciformis @ BPI (5)

Dasyscyphus chamaeleontina @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus ellisiana @ BPI (29)

Dasyscyphus pini @ BPI (4)

Dasyscyphus resinarius @ BPI (20)

Dasyscyphus serinellus @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus willkommii @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus @ BPI (10)

Hyaloscypha stevensonii @ BPI (2)

Lachnellula chrysophthalma @ BPI (1)

Lachnum @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum auriscalpium @ BPI (1)

Hydnum caryophylleum @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete agglutinans @ BPI (2)

Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (3)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea pulvinata @ BPI (1)

Hypocrea @ BPI (4)

Protocrea @ BPI (1)

Trichoderma lignorum @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora cydoniae @ BPI (1)

Physalospora obtusa @ BPI (1)

Physalospora @ BPI (2)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium macrosporum @ BPI (1)

Hysterium pinastri @ BPI (1)
Lachnocladiaceae  Vararia investiens @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Armillaria mellea @ BPI (2)

Baeospora myosura @ BPI (1)

Marasmius siccus @ BPI (1)

Marasmius subnudus @ BPI (1)
Melanommataceae  Aposphaeria @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Ophiderma flava @ UDCC_NRI (1)
Meruliaceae  Dacryobolus sudans @ BPI (1)

Merulius aureus @ BPI (5)

Merulius lacrimans @ BPI (2)

Merulius molluscus @ BPI (1)

Merulius vastator @ BPI (6)

Phlebia cervina @ BPI (1)

Phlebia gigantea @ BPI (1)

Phlebia nantahaliensis @ BPI (1)
Microascaceae  Graphium aureum @ BPI (5)

Graphium rigidum @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Atractotomus magnicornis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Ceratocapsus luteus @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Deraeocoris nubilus @ NCSU (3); AMNH_ENT (4)

Neolygus omnivagus @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Phoenicocoris strobicola @ AMNH_PBI (8); NCSU_ENT (2)

Phytocoris diversus @ AMNH_PBI (1); NCSU_ENT (1); AMNH_IZC (1)

Pilophorus amoenus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pilophorus crassipes @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pilophorus gracilis @ AMNH_PBI (8)

Pilophorus strobicola @ AMNH_PBI (52); NCSU_ENT (1)

Pilophorus tibialis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pilophorus uhleri @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Pinalitus solivagus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Psallovius piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Dothistroma pini @ BPI (1)

Hormodendrum cladosporioides @ BPI (2)

Lecanosticta acicola @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella @ BPI (1)

Rhabdospora pini @ BPI (3)

Septoria acicola @ BPI (1)

Septoria mirabilissima @ BPI (1)

Septoria pinicola @ BPI (1)

Septoria spadicea @ BPI (26)
Mytilinidiaceae  Lophium mytilinum @ BPI (11)

Mytilinidion parvulum @ BPI (2)

Mytilinidion scolecosporum @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Calonectria cucurbitula @ BPI (3)

Cylindrocladium @ BPI (1)

Fusarium bactridioides @ BPI (1)

Fusarium graminearum @ BPI (1)

Fusarium roseum @ BPI (11)

Fusarium @ BPI (2)

Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (3)

Nectria cucurbitula @ BPI (2)

Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (1)

Ophionectria cerea @ BPI (1)

Ophionectria scolecospora @ BPI (45)

Zythiostroma pinastri @ BPI (1)
Odontasteridae  Asterodon ferruginosus @ BPI (1)
Ophiostomataceae  Leptographium lundbergii @ BPI (2)

Leptographium @ 422374A (1); BPI (1); 422374B (1)
Orbiliaceae  Orbilia paradoxa @ BPI (1)

Orbilia vinosa @ BPI (7)
Parmeliaceae  Ahtiana aurescens @ GAL (1)

Canoparmelia caroliniana @ GAL (1)

Flavoparmelia caperata @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema hypotropum @ GAL (1)

Platismatia tuckermanii @ GAL (1)
Parodiellaceae  Parodiella rigida @ BPI (1)
Paxillaceae  Paxillus atrotomentosus @ BPI (2)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora byssoides @ BPI (4)

Peniophora carnosa @ BPI (1)

Peniophora chaetophora @ BPI (2)

Peniophora crassa @ BPI (3)

Peniophora gigantea @ BPI (8)

Peniophora pallidula @ BPI (2)

Peniophora romellii @ BPI (3)

Peniophora sanguinea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora setigera @ BPI (2)

Peniophora velutina @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Banasa dimiata @ NCSU (1)

Euschistus servus @ NCSU (2)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium coniferarum @ BPI (2)

Phacidium crustaceum @ BPI (4)

Phacidium infestans @ BPI (5)

Phacidium pini @ BPI (7)

Phacidium planum @ BPI (1)
Phanerochaetaceae  Phanerochaete carnosa @ BPI (6)

Phanerochaete velutina @ BPI (1)
Piesmatidae  Piesma cinereum @ NCSU (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium episphaericum @ 428929B (1); 428929A (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus applicatus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Favolus europaeus @ BPI (1)

Fomes annosus @ BPI (21)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (17)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (2)

Fomes roseus @ BPI (3)

Fomes subroseus @ BPI (1)

Fomes tenuis @ BPI (1)

Lentinus lepideus @ BPI (15)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (22)

Lenzites trabea @ BPI (2)

Neolentinus lepideus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (11)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus albidus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus amorphus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus anceps @ BPI (16)

Polyporus balsameus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus borealis @ BPI (4)

Polyporus circinatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus destructor @ BPI (1)

Polyporus dichrous @ BPI (1)

Polyporus elegans @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fragilis @ BPI (8)

Polyporus lapponicus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus lowei @ BPI (1)

Polyporus osseus @ BPI (7)

Polyporus perennis @ BPI (2)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (35)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus tomentosus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus undosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (2)

Poria albipellucida @ BPI (2)

Poria callosa @ BPI (2)

Poria cinerascens @ BPI (8)

Poria ferruginosa @ BPI (1)

Poria lenis @ BPI (1)

Poria luteoalba @ BPI (1)

Poria mollusca @ BPI (1)

Poria obducens @ BPI (1)

Poria rubens @ BPI (1)

Poria rufa @ BPI (1)

Poria selecta @ BPI (1)

Poria sericeo-mollis @ BPI (3)

Poria sinuosa @ BPI (2)

Poria subacida @ BPI (11)

Poria subincarnata @ BPI (1)

Poria subtilis @ BPI (1)

Poria tarda @ BPI (1)

Poria vulgaris @ BPI (1)

Poria xantha @ BPI (7)

Poria @ BPI (7)

Trametes americana @ BPI (4)

Trametes heteromorpha @ BPI (1)

Trametes isabellina @ BPI (1)

Trametes pini @ BPI (8)

Trametes serialis @ BPI (2)

Trametes stereoides @ BPI (1)

Trametes trabea @ BPI (3)

Trametes variiformis @ BPI (1)
Psathyrellaceae  Ozonium auricomum @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Rasahus @ AMNH_PBI (13)
Rhizinaceae  Rhizina undulata @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Bifusella faullii @ BPI (1)

Bifusella linearis @ 650572A (1); BPI (36); 650583A (1); 650572B (1); 650593A (1); 650593B (1)

Canavirgella banfieldii @ BPI (31)

Coccomyces pini @ BPI (16)

Coccomyces strobi @ BPI (43)

Coccomyces @ BPI (1)

Hypoderma brachysporum @ BPI (26)

Hypoderma desmazieresii @ BPI (2)

Hypoderma desmazieri @ 649924A (1); 649877A (1); BPI (94); 649916B (1); 649916A (1); 649924B (1); 649900B (1); 649877B (1); 649911A (1); 649900A (1)

Hypoderma lineare @ 650583C (1); BPI (25)

Hypoderma strobicola @ BPI (3)

Lophodermium brachysporum @ BPI (2)

Lophodermium lineare @ BPI (7)

Lophodermium nitens @ BPI (41)

Lophodermium pinastri @ 649911B (1); BPI (51)

Lophodermium @ BPI (1)

Meloderma desmazieresii @ BPI (2)

Phacidiopycnis pseudotsugae @ 363793A (1); 363792B (1); 363793C (1); 363848B (1); 363792A (1); 363793B (1); 363848A (1); 363793D (1); BPI (18)

Propolis faginea @ BPI (5)

Therrya crustaceum @ BPI (4)

Therrya fuckelii @ BPI (1)

Therrya pini @ BPI (73)

Therrya @ BPI (5)

Tryblidiopsis pinastri @ BPI (1)
Russulaceae  Russula brevipes @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (6)
Schizoporaceae  Hyphodontia alutacea @ BPI (1)

Hyphodontia pallidula @ BPI (1)

Hyphodontia subalutacea @ BPI (2)
Sebacinaceae  Cristella sulphurea @ BPI (2)

Sebacina podlachica @ BPI (1)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium pinicola @ BPI (59)
Serpulidae  Serpula silvestris @ BPI (2)
Sistotremataceae  Sistotremastrum suecicum @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia abietina @ BPI (3)

Odontia aspera @ BPI (2)

Odontia bicolor @ BPI (1)

Odontia papillosa @ BPI (2)

Odontia setigera @ BPI (2)

Odontia subcrinale @ BPI (1)

Odontia trachytricha @ BPI (2)
Stemonitidaceae  Amaurochaete atra @ BPI (1)

Enerthenema syncarpon @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (2)

Aleurodiscus pini @ BPI (1)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (28)
Stictidaceae  Cryptodiscus pallidus @ BPI (1)

Stictis abietina @ BPI (3)

Stictis hysterium @ BPI (2)
Thelephoraceae  Thelephora intybacea @ BPI (1)

Thelephora terrestris @ BPI (1)

Tomentella atrorubra @ BPI (1)

Tomentella fuscella @ BPI (1)

Tomentella olivascens @ BPI (3)

Tomentella tristis @ BPI (1)
Thyridiaceae  Thyridium spraguei @ BPI (2)
Tremellaceae  Tremella pinicola @ BPI (1)
Trichocomaceae  Penicillium aureum @ BPI (2)

Penicillium pinophilum @ BPI (12)
Tricholomataceae  Collybia borealis @ BPI (1)

Collybia conigenoides @ BPI (2)

Collybia @ BPI (2)

Mycena rutilantiformis @ BPI (1)

Mycena @ BPI (1)
Tubeufiaceae  Tubeufia cerea @ 1107570A (1); 1107570B (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium grossulariae @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora abietis @ BPI (1)

Cytospora curreyi @ BPI (2)

Cytospora pinastri @ BPI (3)

Cytospora pini @ BPI (1)

Cytospora @ BPI (3)

Valsa abietis @ BPI (9)

Valsa colliculus @ BPI (28)

Valsa kunzei @ BPI (24)

Valsa pini @ 575522B (1); 575522A (1); BPI (34); 574941B (1); 574941A (1)

Valsa superficialis @ BPI (2)

Valsa @ BPI (5); 867622B (1)
Xenasmataceae  Xenasma minutum @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia aquila @ BPI (3)

Rosellinia thelena @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia trichota @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria pilifera @ BPI (1)
_  Acanthocephala ( @ NCSU (1)

Arrhytidia involuta @ BPI (1)

Ascocybe fragrans @ BPI (1)

Ascocybe grovesii @ BPI (4)

Boletinus pictis @ BPI (1)

Calothyrium pinastri @ BPI (12)

Camarosporium @ BPI (1)

Cephalothecium roseum @ BPI (2)

Ceraceomerulius albostramineus @ BPI (1)

Chilonectria cucurbitula @ 629744B (1); 6299744A (1); BPI (3); 629744A (1)

Coccophacidium cembrae @ BPI (1)

Coccophacidium pini @ BPI (1)

Confertobasidium olivaceoalbum @ BPI (1)

Coniothecium austriacum @ BPI (1)

Coremium glaucum @ BPI (1)

Cryptosporium pini @ BPI (6)

Cryptosporium @ BPI (1)

Cucurbidothis pithyophila @ BPI (1)

Cytogloeum @ BPI (1)

Cytosporella @ BPI (1)

Dasyscypha agassizii @ 389729C (1); 389725B (1)

Dasyscypha serinella @ BPI (1)

Dermatella eucrita @ BPI (1)

Diplozythia scolecospora @ BPI (1)

Diplozythia @ 389725A (1); 389729A (1)

Epichloe typhina @ BPI (1)

Fumago vagans @ BPI (1)

Fumago @ BPI (1)

Gelatinosporium abietinum @ BPI (1)

Grandinia cylindrica @ BPI (1)

Grandinia granulosa @ BPI (1)

Hendersonula pinicola @ 374619A (1); BPI (1); 374619C (1); 374619B (1)

Hypochnus atroruber @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus flavescens @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus fumosus @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus fuscus @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus umbrinus @ BPI (3)

Leptothyrium minutisporum @ BPI (1)

Lophodermina nitens @ BPI (1)

Micropera pinastri @ BPI (1)

Microxyphium footii @ 361277A (1); 361277B (1); BPI (10)

Monochaetia pinicola @ BPI (1)

Monochaetia @ BPI (1)

Munkia @ BPI (1)

Myxofusicoccum @ BPI (1)

Myxosporium abietinum @ BPI (1)

Myxosporium @ BPI (1)

Naemaspora strobi @ BPI (2)

Neopeckia coulteri @ BPI (2)

Pellicularia vaga @ BPI (4)

Pleurophomella eumorpha @ BPI (1)

Polyscytalum sericeum @ BPI (2)

Porothelium fimbriatum @ BPI (1)

Sclerophoma pithyophila @ BPI (3)

Sclerophoma pitya @ BPI (1)

Sclerophoma pityella @ BPI (2)

Sclerophoma @ BPI (1)

Scoleconectria cucurbitula @ BPI (9)

Scoleconectria scolecospora @ 632564A (1); 867622A (1); 632564B (1); BPI (72)

Trimmatostroma salicis @ BPI (1)

Valsaria exasperans @ BPI (8)

Zythia pinastri @ BPI (1)

Zythia resinae @ 389729B (1); BPI (3)

Zythia @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
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The Gymnosperm Database

photograph

Ontario's northern forest, growing around a rock in Killarney Provincial Park: clockwise from top are Abies balsamea, Tsuga canadensis, Thuja occidentalis, Pinus resinosa, Pinus strobus , and Picea mariana .

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Two large native-grown trees by Daicey Pond in Baxter State Park, Maine [C.J. Earle, 2003.07].

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Cones on the above tree [C.J. Earle, 2003.07].

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Bark on one of the above trees [C.J. Earle, 2003.07].

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Shoot of an ornamental specimen (Seattle, USA) showing foliage and twig [C.J. Earle].

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Foliage on an ornamental tree in Seattle (USA) [C.J. Earle, 1999.02].

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U.S. stamp. Source: LINK HERE (accessed 2001.12.25).

 

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Conservation status

Pinus strobus

Linnaeus 1753 , p. 1001

Common names

Eastern white pine, northern white pine, white pine; pin blanc [French].

Taxonomic notes

Syn: Strobus strobus (Linnaeus) Small ( Kral 1993 ). Formerly, many authors regarded Pinus chiapensis as a variety of P. strobus , but it is now generally seen as a distinct species.

Description

Trees to 30-67 m tall and 100-180 cm in diameter, straight; crown conic, becoming rounded to irregular or flattened. Bark darkening and thickening as tree ages, becoming gray-brown, deeply furrowed with broad ridges of irregularly rectangular, purple-tinged scaly plates. Branches whorled, spreading-upswept; twigs slender, pale red-brown, glabrous or pale puberulent, aging gray, ±smooth. Buds ovoid-cylindric, light red-brown, 0.4-0.5 cm, slightly resinous. Needles 5 per fascicle, spreading to ascending, persisting 2-3 years, 6-10 cm × 0.7-1 mm, straight, slightly twisted, pliant, deep green to blue-green, pale stomatal lines evident only on adaxial surfaces, margins finely serrulate, apex abruptly acute to short-acuminate; sheath 1-1.5 cm, shed early. Staminate cones numerous, ellipsoid, 10-15 mm, yellow. Ovulate cones maturing in 2 years, shedding seeds and falling soon thereafter, clustered, pendent, symmetric, cylindric to lance-cylindric or ellipsoid-cylindric before opening, ellipsoid-cylindric to cylindric or lance-cylindric when open, (7)8-20 cm, gray-brown to pale brown, with purple or gray tints, stalks 2-3 cm; apophyses slightly raised, resinous at tip; umbo terminal, low. Seeds compressed, broadly obliquely obovoid; body 5-6 mm, tapering at both ends, red-brown mottled with black; wing 1.8-2.5 cm, pale brown. 2 n =24 ( Elias 1987 , Kral 1993 ).

Distribution and Ecology

Canada: Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Québec, Ontario, and Manitoba; France: St. Pierre and Miquelon; and USA: All states E from Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee and Georgia to the Atlantic Ocean (excepting Florida); the variety in Mexico and Guatemala. Found at sea level in the N, and up to 1500 m in the S. Prefers well-drained soils and a cool, humid climate. Forms mixed stands with Tsuga canadensis, Quercus sp., or Fraxinus americana. ( Elias 1987 , Kral 1993 ). See also Thompson et al. (1999) . Hardy to Zone 3 (cold hardiness limit between -39.9°C and -34.4°C) ( Bannister and Neuner 2001 ).

Distribution data from USGS (1999) . Points represent isolated or approximate locations.

Big tree

The official largest specimen is 185 cm dbh (229 inch girth), height 40.2 m (132 feet), in Morrill, Maine (American Forests 2007). Larger specimens were recorded historically; the Rich Mountain pine in Tennessee was 186 cm dbh (230 inches in girth) and 51.2 m (168 feet) tall with a broken top when it was logged (Blozan [no date]). The tallest known living tree is the "Boogerman Pine" in Great Smoky Mountains National Park; it is 56.54 m tall ( Rucker 2003 ). A tree in the Chattooga River watershed in Georgia is nearly as tall at 56.32 m (Riddle 2016).

Oldest

The oldest known log was found at Swan Lake, Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontaria by R.P. Guyette and B. Cole. This log, specimen SWW51, had 407 crossdated rings (NCDC 2006). This was a subfossil log from the lake; its limiting dates are 1432-1838 (Guyette and Cole 1999). If you want a live tree, tree 042072 might still be living at Wilmington Notch, New York. When collected in 1982 by Ed Cook, this sample had 350 rings (NCDC 2006).

Dendrochronology

Ethnobotany

P. strobus was a valued source of naval stores in the 1700s, and large tracts were once reserved for exploitation by the Royal Navy ( Kral 1993 ). This exploitation began in 1652, and by 1775 the easy sources of wood for masts had been largely logged off (Ponting 1991). (Note: also in 1652, John Hull of Boston established the New England Mint; his largest issue was a coin ornamented by a pine tree, surely P. strobus (Connor 1994).) The logging continued through the 1700s and 1800s for masts, buildings, and furniture ( Elias 1987 ). Because of extensive lumbering, few uncut stands remain ( Kral 1993 ). As time went by, the locus of devastation migrated westward, and has left a legacy in the form of historic buildings framed with pine from Maine to Minnesota. An enjoyable review of the species' importance in historical Minnesota can be found HERE .

In modern times, it is an important horticultural species ( Elias 1987 ). Twice (as of 2017) it has served as the U.S. Capitol Christmas tree , the only pine ever selected for that duty.

Observations

Some fine old-growth stands are said to remain in Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario, despite extensive historical logging (Thompson et al. 2006). The stand at Cathedral Grove, Minnesota (Anderson et al. 2002) sounds interesting; researchers there built deer exclosures and found that deer and snowshoe hare browsing had been virtually eliminating seedling recruitment in the stand.

Remarks

Mast years at 3 to 5 year intervals provide a seed crop important to wildlife ( Elias 1987 ). White pine blister rust ( Cronartium ribicola ), an introduced fungal disease, has decimated formerly extensive stands of this and certain other white pines ( Little 1980 ).

Eastern white pine is the provincial tree of Ontario and the state tree of Maine and Michigan ( Kral 1993 ).

A decline syndrome has recently been identified in which trees exhibit deformed foliage and produce stress crops of cones shortly before dying. It may be caused or exacerbated by air pollution ( Hawkes 2001 ).

Citations

American Forest. 2007. National Register of Big Trees. www.americanforests.org/resources/bigtrees/register.php (accessed 2007.03.30).

Anderson, C.E., K.A. Chapman, M.A. White, and M.W. Cornett. 2002. Effects of browsing control on establishment and recruitment of eastern white pine ( Pinus strobus L.) at Cathedral Grove, Lake Superior highlands, Minnesota, USA. Natural Areas Journal 22(3): 202-210.

Blozan, Will. [no date]. Historical photos. http://www.nativetreesociety.org/galleries/historical/historical_photos.htm, accessed 2007.08.27, now defunct .

Connor, Sheila. 1994. New England Natives, A Celebration of People and Trees. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 274 pp. ISBN 0-674-61350-3.

Guyette, R.P. and W.G. Cole. 1999. Age characteristics of coarse woody debris ( Pinus strobus ) in a lake littoral zone. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 496-505.

[NCDC 2006] Data accessed at the National Climatic Data Center World Data Center for Paleoclimatology Tree-Ring Data Search page, 2006.09.08. URL: http://hurricane.ncdc.noaa.gov/pls/paleo/fm_createpages.treering .

Ponting, C. 1991. A Green History of the World . New York: St. Martin's Press, 432 pp. ISBN 0-312-06989-1.

Riddle, Jess. 2016. Re: Warwoman Road Update. http://www.ents-bbs.org/viewtopic.php?f=73&t=1879 , accessed 2017.11.04.

Thompson, I.D., J.H. Simard, and R.D. Titman. 2006. Historical changes in white pine ( Pinus strobus L.) density in Algonquin Park, Ontario, during the 19th century. Natural Areas Journal 26(1): 61-71.

See also

FEIS database .

Prasad and Iverson 1999 .

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2. Pinus strobus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1001. 1753.

Eastern white pine, northern white pine, pin blanc

Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andresen; P . strobus var. chiapensis Martínez; Strobus strobus (Linnaeus) Small

Trees to 67m; trunk to 1.8m diam., straight; crown conic, becoming rounded to flattened. Bark gray-brown, deeply furrowed, with long, irregularly rectangular, scaly plates. Branches whorled, spreading-upswept; twigs slender, pale red-brown, glabrous or pale puberulent, aging gray, ±smooth. Buds ovoid-cylindric, light red-brown, 0.4--0.5cm, slightly resinous. Leaves 5 per fascicle, spreading to ascending, persisting 2--3 years, 6--10cm ´ 0.7--1mm, straight, slightly twisted, pliant, deep green to blue-green, pale stomatal lines evident only on adaxial surfaces, margins finely serrulate, apex abruptly acute to short-acuminate; sheath 1--1.5cm, shed early. Pollen cones ellipsoid, 10--15mm, yellow. Seed cones maturing in 2 years, shedding seeds and falling soon thereafter, clustered, pendent, symmetric, cylindric to lance-cylindric or ellipsoid-cylindric before opening, ellipsoid-cylindric to cylindric or lance-cylindric when open, (7--)8--20cm, gray-brown to pale brown, with purple or gray tints, stalks 2--3cm; apophyses slightly raised, resinous at tip; umbo terminal, low. Seeds compressed, broadly obliquely obovoid; body 5--6mm, red-brown mottled with black; wing 1.8--2.5cm, pale brown. 2 n =24.

Mesic to dry sites; 0--1500m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Man., N.B., Nfld., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., Ohio, R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.; Mexico; Central America in Guatemala.

Pinus strobus is an important timber tree; because of extensive lumbering, few uncut stands remain. It was once prized as a source for ship masts, and large tracts of it were reserved for the Royal Navy during colonial times.

Pinus strobus var. chiapensis appears to be as Martínez saw it: a clinal variant that, compared to the type variety, has finer leaves, different resin canal distribution, and heavier cones when cones of similar sizes are compared.

Eastern white pine ( Pinus strobus ) is the provincial tree of Ontario and the state tree of Maine and Michigan.

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Updated: 2018-04-25 09:48:14 gmt
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