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Platanthera cristata (Michx. ) Lindl.
CRESTED YELLOW ORCHID
Crested Orange Fringed-Orchid

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Orchidaceae   Platanthera

Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata

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Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata

Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata

Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata

Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata

Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata

Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata

Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Platanthera cristata
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Platanthera cristata (Michx.) Lindl. ( Habenaria cristata ) Yellow-crested Orchis
Orchidaceae — Orchid family
Rare native
Platanthera cristata Platanthera cristata
Scotts Corner
July 2004

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PLCR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PLCR
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PLCR ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PLCR
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PLCR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PLCR
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Platanthera cristata (Michx.) Lindl.
crested yellow orchid

Image of Platanthera cristata

General Information
Symbol: PLCR
Group: Monocot
Family: Orchidaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Platanthera thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 557. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BLCR2 Blephariglotis cristata (Michx.) Raf.
HACR7 Habenaria cristata (Michx.) R. Br.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Orchidales
Family Orchidaceae – Orchid family
Genus Platanthera Rich. – fringed orchid
Species Platanthera cristata (Michx.) Lindl. – crested yellow orchid

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Florida crested fringed orchid Threatened
Kentucky yellow-crested orchid Threatened
Maryland crested yellow orchid Threatened
Massachusetts crested fringed orchis Endangered
New York crested fringed orchis Endangered
Pennsylvania crested yellow orchid Extirpated

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains OBL
Northcentral & Northeast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Flora of North America (PLCR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BLCR2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HACR7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PLCR)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PLCR)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (PLCR)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PLCR)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 552, 568 , 569 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Orchidaceae | Platanthera

28. Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 291. 1835.

Orchis cristata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 156. 1803; Habenaria cristata (Michaux) R. Brown; Platanthera pallida P. M. Brown

Plants 18—90 cm. Leaves 2—4, spreading to ascending, gradually reduced to bracts distally; blade linear-lanceolate to lance-oblong, 5—21 × 1—3 cm. Spikes dense. Flowers resupinate, showy, orange; dorsal sepal entire or sometimes emarginate; lateral sepals spreading; petals obovate to oblong-elliptic, margins fringed throughout to entire; lip porrect, ovate to ovate-oblong, without basal thickening, 4—8 × 4—8 mm, margins deeply filiform-fringed; spur slenderly cylindric (mouth triangular or keyhole-shaped), 4—10 mm; rostellum lobes scarcely to strongly curved downward, rarely distally retrorse, digitate; pollinaria with stalks curved downward; pollinia remaining enclosed in anther sacs; viscidia presented forward, nearly perpendicular to ± parallel to lip, orbiculate; ovary slender, 7—13 mm. 2n = 42.

Flowering (Jun--)Jul--Aug(--Sep). Moist sandy and peaty meadows, marshes, prairies, pine savannas, wet wooded flats, seeping slopes, sphagnum bogs; 0--800 m; Ala., Ark., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Mass., Miss., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.

The rostellum lobes in Platanthera cristata normally are only slightly curved, presenting the viscidia in a generally forward position. Considerable variation is apparent, however, and sometimes a marked curvature similar to that in P. chapmanii is seen, apparently presenting the viscidia downward. These orientations are difficult to assess in distorted herbarium material, and the species is in need of further study. The triangular mouth of the spur of P. cristata is distinctive, however, and can aid in determination of confusing material (see also below and the discussion under 29. P. chapmanii).

Platanthera pallida P. M. Brown was recently proposed to accommodate two populations of pale-flowered plants on Long Island, New York. Their distinctive nature has long been apparent. In the field, pollination normally is rapid and the flowers senesce while small and yellowish, but in cultivation in the absence of pollinators, flowers remain open for an extended period during which the lips elongate markedly and the flowers fade to a dull white. Hence they suggest P. × canbyi (Ames) Luer [P. blephariglottis × P. cristata], but they differ in their much shorter spurs.

Plants of Platanthera pallida were reported to differ from P. cristata in shorter spurs, entire dorsal sepals, and lateral sepal and lip orientation. The range of spur lengths in P. cristata, however, is much greater than specified and in fact includes the range of P. pallida. Dorsal sepals with entire margins are commonly seen also in P. cristata, and those of P. pallida may be deeply emarginate. Lateral sepal and lip orientation tend to differ in the two taxa, but the conditions typical of each taxon can be found in the other. The keyhole shaped orifice of the spur in P. pallida mentioned by Brown is a unique feature, but it is present in only a small percentage of individuals and completely intergrades to the triangular orifice of P. cristata. Furthermore, superficially similar pale-flowered plants from farther west on Long Island are more similar to typical P. cristata and hence possibly indicative of a cline. The plants described as P. pallida therefore appear to represent neither a distinct species nor are they merely hybrids; they seem to be partially stabilized introgression products and potentially useful subjects for evolutionary study.

Hybrids of Platanthera cristata with P. blephariglottis are P. × canbyi (Ames) Luer and with P. ciliaris are P. × channellii Folsom; until recently the latter was confused with P. chapmanii.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Platanthera+cristata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Platanthera+cristata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 3
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Platanthera cristata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
ID: 0000 0000 1116 3021 [detail]
© 2016 Barry Rice

Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
ID: 0000 0000 1116 3022 [detail]
© 2016 Barry Rice

Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata
ID: 0000 0000 1116 3023 [detail]
© 2016 Barry Rice

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