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Podophyllum peltatum L.
MAYAPPLE
Mandrake; Maypop

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Berberidaceae   Podophyllum

Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 10
Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple

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Podophyllum peltatum, May Apple
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Podophyllum peltatum, May Apple
Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum

Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum

Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple

Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple, flower
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple, flower
Podophyllum peltatum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit

Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit

Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - juvenile
Podophyllum peltatum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Names
Scientific source:

Geographic distribution
This species has not yet been officially reported in the park.

Supported by

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ BBSL (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta podophylli @ BPI (48)

Phyllostictina podophylli @ BPI (1)
Clavicipitaceae  Gibellula @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Discohainesia oenotherae @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium podophyllinum @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum dematium @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella @ BPI (1)

Septoria podophyllina @ BPI (53)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium podophylli @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia podophylli @ 092056B (1); BPI (658); 092331A (1); 092278B (1); 092331B (1); 092278A (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (2)

Sclerotinia @ BPI (1)

Septotinia podophyllina @ BPI (12)
Thyreocoridae  Corimelaena pulicaria @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Turritellidae  Vermicularia podophylli @ BPI (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium podophylli @ BPI (5)

Aecidium @ BPI (1)
_  Caeoma podophyllatum @ BPI (1)

Septogloeum podophyllinum @ BPI (7)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Podophyllum peltatum L. Mayapple
Berberidaceae — Barberry family
Native
Podophyllum peltatum
Brandywine Creek State Park
May 2005 Podophyllum peltatum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
April 2013 Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum
Deer damage? Middle Run Valley Natural Area
May 2013 Podophyllum peltatum
Killens Pond State Park
May 2013

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Podophyllum peltatum L. - Mayapple

Podophyllum peltatum plant

Family - Berberidaceae

Stems - To 40cm tall, erect, herbaceous, glabrous, from rhizomes, simple. Plants colonial.

Leaves - Typically two per plant, opposite and terminating stem, petilolate, peltate. Petioles to +/-8cm long, glabrous. Blade orbicular in outline, typically 5-9-lobed. Lobes entire to coarse serrate, often divided at apex, glabrous, obovate.

Podophyllum peltatum leaf

Inflorescence - Single flower from between leaf petioles and terminating stem, only one per plant. Pedicel to +/-4cm long, 3-4mm in diameter at anthesis, glabrous.

Flowers - Petals white or with a pinkish tinge, 6 to 9, to 3.5cm long, 2.7cm broad, glabrous, entire, obovate. Stamens typically twice as many as the petals, erect. Filaments to 5mm long, white, 2mm wide. Anthers 1cm long, yellow. Ovary glabrous, superior, 7-8mm in diameter, 1.1cm long, cylindric, slightly contracted at both ends, unilocular. Placentation parietal. Stigma sessile, globose. Sepals 6, green, glabrous, orbicular to broadly ovate, falling very early. Berry to 5cm in diameter, yellowish when ripe.

Podophyllum peltatum flower Flower.

Podophyllum peltatum fruit Fruit.

Flowering - March - May.

Habitat - Low woods, open woods, thickets, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - The first sighting of Podophyllum leaves is a good indicator that spring is arriving as the plant is one of the first to bloom in the new year. The flowers only last a day or two. The fruits develop slowly and become ripe around August. The fruit is edible when ripe and can be eaten raw, but it is better when cooked. The leaves, stem, and rhizomes of the plant are toxic. The plant was used by indians to treat parasites, syphilis, jaundice, and other ailments. Recently, synthetics of the plants substances have been used in cancer research. Some people have allergic reactions to handling the rhizomes as they contain the allergenic compound Podophyllin.
The description above is for form peltatum . Another form, form deamii Raymond , has pink to purplish petals, a deep purple ovary, and maroon fruits. This from is rare.

Photographs taken at Leawood City Park, Leawood, Kansas, 4-2-00, and in Brown Summit, NC., 7-14-02 and 4-20-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POPE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POPE
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Berberidaceae | Podophyllum

1. Podophyllum peltatum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 1753.

May-apple, Indian-apple, wild-mandrake, pomme de mai, podophylle pelt

Rhizomes: annual elongation increments (2-)6-20 cm. Leaves of nonflowering shoots 2-5 dm; blade 18-38 × 18-38 cm. Flowering shoots 3-6 dm; leaves nearly opposite, slightly unequal in size; petioles 5-15 cm; proximal blades 10-35 × 14-40 cm, distal blades 6-25 × 10-33 cm. Leaf blades 5-7(-9)-parted, parts lobed or not (frequently 2-lobed), margins entire or coarsely dentate, teeth apiculate; surfaces abaxially sparsely pubescent to glabrous. Flowers solitary, nodding, fragrant; peduncle arising from angle between petioles, 1.5-6 cm; sepals orbiculate, 10-18 × 10-18 mm; petals white, rarely pink, obovate, 15-35 × 10-25 mm; stamens 2 times number of petals, 8-13 mm; filaments 3-5 mm; anthers 5-8 × 1-1.5 mm; ovaries 6-12 × 4-8 mm; style 1-2 mm; stigmas 3-6 mm. Berries yellow, rarely orange or maroon, 3.5-5.5 × 2.0-4 cm. Seeds 30-50, ovoid, 6-8 × 4-6 mm. 2 n = 12.

Flowering spring, fruiting late spring-summer; summer deciduous. Mixed deciduous forest, fields, moist road banks, river banks; 50-800 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

The following forms have been described:

Podophyllum peltatum forma aphyllum Plitt--fertile shoots with no foliage leaves; Podophyllum peltatum forma biltmoreanum Steyermark--fruits orange; Podophyllum peltatum forma deamii Raymond--fruits and seeds maroon, and flowers, placentae, and plant axes pink-tinged; Podophyllum peltatum forma polycarpum (Clute) Plitt--flowers with multiple, free carpels.

The ripe fruit of Podophyllum peltatum is considered edible; all other parts of the plant are toxic. Several lignans and their glycosides, present in the resin extracted from rhizomes and roots, exhibit antitumor activity. Etoposide, a semisynthetic derivative of one of the lignans, is currently used in the treatment of small-cell lung cancer and testicular cancer (P. M. Dewick 1983). Native Americans used Podophyllum for a wide variety of medicinal purposes and as an insecticide (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Podophyllum peltatum is sometimes cultivated in woodland gardens, and some populations on the periphery of its geographical range may be escapes from cultivation.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Podophyllum+peltatum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Podophyllum+peltatum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Podophyllum+peltatum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2018-02-19 08:53:01 gmt
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