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Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott
SMOOTH SOLOMONS SEAL
Giant Solomons-seal

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Polygonatum

Polygonatum biflorum
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 10
Polygonatum biflorum

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Polygonatum biflorum, Smooth True Solomons Seal
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Polygonatum biflorum, Smooth True Solomons Seal
Polygonatum biflorum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Polygonatum biflorum

Polygonatum biflorum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Polygonatum biflorum
Polygonatum biflorum, True Solomons Seal
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Polygonatum biflorum, True Solomons Seal

Polygonatum biflorum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Polygonatum biflorum, whole plant - in flower - general view
Polygonatum biflorum, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Polygonatum biflorum, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Polygonatum biflorum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Polygonatum biflorum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Polygonatum biflorum, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Polygonatum biflorum, leaf - on upper stem

Polygonatum biflorum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Polygonatum biflorum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Polygonatum biflorum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Polygonatum biflorum, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Polygonatum biflorum, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Polygonatum biflorum, stem - showing leaf bases
Polygonatum biflorum, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Polygonatum biflorum, whole plant - in fruit

Polygonatum biflorum, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Polygonatum biflorum, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Polygonatum biflorum
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 2
Polygonatum biflorum

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Catamergus kickapoo @ NCSU_ENT (18)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta cruenta @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta smilacina @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia majanthae @ BPI (6)

Puccinia sessilis @ BPI (3)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium convallariae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. var. biflorum Solomon's-seal
Ruscaceae — Ruscus family
Native
Polygonatum biflorum var. biflorum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Pump House Road
May 2005 Polygonatum biflorum var. biflorum
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
May 2012

Guide to Polygonatum of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. var. commutatum (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Morong ( Polygonatum canaliculatum ) Giant Solomon's-seal
Ruscaceae — Ruscus family
Uncommon native
Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
June 2006 Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
June 2007 Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
May 2011

Guide to Polygonatum of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. - Solomon's Seal

Polygonatum biflorum plant

Family - Liliaceae

Stems - To +1m tall, erect to arching, glabrous, glaucous, herbaceous, rhizomatous, simple, single from base.

Polygonatum biflorum stem

Leaves - Alternate, sessile, glabrous, somewhat glaucous below, entire, acute, to +18cm long, +7cm wide.

Inflorescence - Pedunculate drooping axillary clusters of 1-5 flowers. Peduncle to +3cm long, glabrous. Pedicels to 8mm long, glabrous, often with small linear bracts to about 1.1mm long.

Polygonatum biflorum inflorescence

Flowers - Whitish-green. Tepals 6, united except at apex, United portion to +/-1.5cm long, glabrous. Free portion of tepals 4mm long, acute, spreading to erect. Stamens 6, adnate about halfway up corolla tube, opposite tepals, included. Filaments to 4mm long, glabrous. Anthers yellow, 4.5mm long, introrse. Ovary superior, 5mm long, ellipsoid, 3-locular. Placentation axile. Style glabrous, 1.1cm long, pale greenish-white. Berries to +1.2cm long (diameter), deep blue, glabrous.

Polygonatum biflorum flowers

Flowering - May - June.

Habitat - Moist, rich woods, roadside ditches, edges of streams and ponds.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - You may find this plant being called P. canaliculatum , which was once thought to be a separate species, but the two are synonymous. This plant is common throughout Missouri.
When not in flower, this plant can be mistaken for another member of the Liliaceae , Smilacina . Smilacina in flower has a terminal raceme and is easy to ID. When not in flower, though, it is easy to mistake the two genera.

Photographs taken in Linville, NC., 5-11-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POBI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POBI2
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POBI2

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Polygonatum+biflorum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Polygonatum+biflorum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Polygonatum+biflorum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2017-12-11 09:46:25 gmt
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