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Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
GRAY ANGELFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Pomacanthidae   Pomacanthus


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pomacanthus+arcuatus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pomacanthus+arcuatus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 7
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Pomacanthus arcuatus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Pomacanthus arcuatus
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Gray Angelfish
ID: 0091 3183 0986 0104 [detail]
Dr. Antonio J. Ferreira
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pomacanthus arcuatus
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Grey Angelfish
ID: 1351 3163 4288 0021 [detail]
Foster Bam
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Pomacanthus arcuatus
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Grey Angelfish
ID: 1351 3163 4288 0023 [detail]
Foster Bam
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Pomacanthus arcuatus
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Gray Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1652 [detail]
© 2007 Lorenzo Alvarez-Filip

Pomacanthus arcuatus
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Gray Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1366 [detail]
© 2008 Lorenzo Alvarez-Filip

Pomacanthus arcuatus
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Gray Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 0511 1171 [detail]
© 2011 John White

Pomacanthus arcuatus
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Gray Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 0511 1172 [detail]
© 2011 John White

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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pomacanthus&speciesname=arcuatus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Pomacanthus-arcuatus.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Pomacanthus arcuatus   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Gray angelfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomacanthus arcuatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Gray angelfish) Pomacanthus arcuatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacanthidae (Angelfishes)
Etymology: Pomacanthus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 9626 ).   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C; 44°N - 23°S, 98°W - 34°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: New England, USA to the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (Ref. 26938 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 22.6   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3797 ); common length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3797 ); max. published weight: 1.8 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 31-33; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 23 - 25. Pale gray around mouth, and pale gray margin on caudal fin. Inside of pectoral fin yellow (Ref. 26938 ). Juveniles are black with two light yellow bars on body and three on head; caudal fin yellow with a vertically elongate, nearly rectangular or hemispherical black spot in middle (Ref. 13442 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common in coral reefs, usually solitary, occasionally in pairs. Juveniles are part-time cleaners. Feed mainly on sponges, but also takes tunicates, algae, zoantharians, gorgonians, hydroids, bryozoans, and seagrasses. Oviparous (Ref. 240 ), monogamous (Ref. 52884 ). Flesh reported to be of excellent quality (Ref. 3797 ); marketed fresh and salted (Ref. 5217 ). Friendly toward divers (Ref. 9710 ). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35419 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. , 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303 )




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Occurrences
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Reproduction
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | GoMexSI (interaction data) | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 23.8 - 28.1, mean 27.3 (based on 849 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03236 (0.01768 - 0.05924), b=2.92 (2.76 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.2   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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