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Quercus shumardii Buckley
SHUMARDS OAK
Shumard oak

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fagaceae   Quercus

Quercus shumardii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus shumardii

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Quercus shumardii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus shumardii

Quercus shumardii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus shumardii

Quercus shumardii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus shumardii, whole tree or vine - general

Quercus shumardii, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus shumardii, bark - of a large tree
Quercus shumardii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus shumardii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk

Quercus shumardii, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus shumardii, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Quercus shumardii, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus shumardii, leaf - whole upper surface

Quercus shumardii, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus shumardii, twig - orientation of petioles
Quercus shumardii, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus shumardii, leaf - whole upper surface

Quercus shumardii, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus shumardii, leaf - unspecified
Quercus shumardii, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus shumardii, leaf - unspecified

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Achilidae  Catonia @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Aphididae  Myzocallis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); NCSU (5)
Cicadellidae  Alebra aurea @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Eratoneura acantha @ III (9)

Eratoneura adunca @ III (8)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (2)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (1)

Eratoneura dumosa @ III (6)

Eratoneura gilesi @ III (3)

Eratoneura igella @ III (2)

Eratoneura longa @ III (8)

Eratoneura lunata @ III (1)

Eratoneura maga @ III (4)

Eratoneura manus @ III (2)

Eratoneura marilandicae @ III (4)

Eratoneura millsi @ III (2)

Eratoneura osborni @ III (1)

Eratoneura parva @ III (4)

Eratoneura patris @ III (1)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (1)

Eratoneura propria @ III (1)

Eratoneura smithi @ III (1)

Eratoneura stephensoni @ III (3)

Erythridula eluta @ III (2)

Erythridula lloydi @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (1)

Erythridula penelutea @ III (1)

Erythridula penenoeva @ III (1)

Erythridula stolata @ III (1)

Erythroneura delicata @ III (1)

Erythroneura nudata @ III (2)

Erythroneura rubra @ III (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium fusiforme @ BPI (1)
Derbidae  Cedusa @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Membracidae  Smilia camelus @ UDCC_TCN (2)
Miridae  Gn_orthotylinigp9 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus licnoides @ BPI (1)

Poria @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia archeri @ BPI (1)
_  Morenoella quercina @ BPI (3)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUSH ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUSH
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUSH ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUSH
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUSH ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUSH
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Quercus shumardii Buckley
Shumard's oak

Image of Quercus shumardii

General Information
Symbol: QUSH
Group: Dicot
Family: Fagaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Quercus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, IN. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Collin Co., Bob Woodruff Park. February 1, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Tarrant Co., Fort Worth Botanical Gardens. April 14, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Tarrant Co., Fort Worth Botanical Gardens. April 14, 2012. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae – Beech family
Genus Quercus L. – oak
Species Quercus shumardii Buckley – Shumard's oak

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Quercus shumardii . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Quercus shumardii</i>
Buckley var. <i>
schneckii</i>
(Britton) Sarg.
Quercus shumardii var. schneckii
Schneck oak Distribution of <i>
Quercus shumardii</i>
Buckley var. <i>
shumardii </i>
Quercus shumardii var. shumardii
Shumard oak Distribution of <i>
Quercus shumardii</i>
Buckley var. <i>
stenocarpa</i>
Laughlin
Quercus shumardii var. stenocarpa
Shumard oak

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maryland Shumard's oak Threatened
Pennsylvania Shumard's oak Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (QUSH)
CalPhotos (QUSH)
Flora of North America (QUSH)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUSH)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (QUSH)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (QUSH)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (QUSH)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (QUSH)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (QUSH)
Related Websites
AL-Auburn University Plant Identification Resource (QUSH)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (QUSH)
FL-USFS Tree Fact Sheets (University of Florida) (QUSH)
LA-Louisiana Ecosystems and Plant Identification (QUSH)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (QUSH)
NC-Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (QUSH)
NY-Cornell University Horticulture (QUSH)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (QUSH)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (QUSH)
TX-Native Trees of Texas (QUSH)
UK-Plants For A Future (QUSH)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (QUSH)
USDI NPS Great Smoky Mountains National Park (QUSH)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (QUSH)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fagaceae | Quercus

30. Quercus shumardii Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 12: 444. 1860.

Shumard oak

Quercus schneckii Britton

Trees , deciduous, to 35 m. Bark gray-brown to dark brown, shallowly fissured with scaly or light-colored flat ridges, inner bark pinkish. Twigs gray to light brown, (1.5-)2-3.5(-4.5) mm diam., glabrous. Terminal buds gray to grayish brown, ovoid or broadly ellipsoid, 4-8 mm, often noticeably 5-angled in cross section, glabrous. Leaves: petiole 20-60 mm, glabrous. Leaf blade broadly elliptic to obovate, 100-200 × 60-150 mm, base obtuse to truncate, occasionally acute, margins with 5-9 lobes and 15-50 awns, lobes oblong or distally expanded, apex acute; surfaces abaxially glabrous except for prominent axillary tufts of tomentum, adaxially glossy, glabrous, secondary veins raised on both surfaces. Acorns biennial; cup saucer-shaped to cup-shaped, 7-12 mm high × 15-30 mm wide, covering 1/4-1/3 nut, outer surface glabrous or puberulent, inner surface light-brown to red-brown, glabrous or with ring of pubescence around scar, scales often with pale margins, tips tightly appressed, obtuse or acute; nut ovoid to oblong, occasionally subglobose, 14-30 × 10-20 mm, glabrous, scar diam. 6.5-12 mm.

Flowering spring. Mesic slopes and bottoms, stream banks and poorly drained uplands; 0-500 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Trees with shallow cups covering ca. one-fourth of the nut are treated as Quercus shumardii var. shumardii ; those with more deeply rounded cups covering ca. one-third of the nut are treated as Q . shumardii var. schneckii (Britton) Sargent. Quercus shumardii var. stenocarpa Laughlin was described from several trees in Missouri and Illinois having ellipsoid acorns that were covered less than one-third their length by very small (5.5-7 mm high × 12.5-18 mm wide), shallow cups (K. Laughlin 1969).

Quercus shumardii reportedly hybridizes with Q . buckleyi , Q . falcata (= Q . × joori Trelease), Q . hemisphaerica , Q . imbricaria (= Q . × egglestoni Trelease), Q . laevis , Q . laurifolia , Q . marilandica , Q . nigra , Q . palustris (= Q . × mutabilis E. J. Palmer & Steyermark), Q . phellos (= Q . × moultonensis Ashe), Q . rubra , and Q . velutina (= Q . × discreta Laughlin).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+shumardii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+shumardii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 7
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Quercus shumardii%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii
Shumard's Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0670 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii
ID: 0000 0000 1016 2025 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii
ID: 0000 0000 1016 2026 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii
ID: 0000 0000 1016 2027 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii
ID: 0000 0000 1116 1674 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii
ID: 0000 0000 1116 1675 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus shumardii
Quercus shumardii
ID: 0000 0000 1116 1676 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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