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Rhamnus cathartica L.
BUCKTHORN
European Buckthorn; Common Buckthorn

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Rhamnaceae   Rhamnus

Rhamnus cathartica
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Rhamnus cathartica

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Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica, _leaves_and_berries.JP80279_48.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Rhamnus cathartica, leaves and berries
JP80279_48

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSUC_TCN (4)
Bionectriaceae  Trichonectria @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia frangulae @ BPI (1)

Diplodia rhamni @ BPI (4)

Fusicoccum fibrosum @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta jahniana @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta osteospora @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta rhamnicola @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta rhamnigena @ 354552A (1); BPI (3); 354552B (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella vogelii @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Erythridula plena @ III (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe extensa @ BPI (7)

Diaporthe fibrosa @ BPI (21)

Diaporthe rhamnigena @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis fibrosa @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrypella verruciformis @ BPI (1)

Eutypella extensa @ BPI (1)
Didymosphaeriaceae  Asteromella vogelii @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (5)

Microsphaera friesii @ BPI (1)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium rhamnigenum @ BPI (4); 368060A (1); 368060B (1)
Melanconidaceae  Hercospora fibrosa @ BPI (1)

Rabenhorstia fibrosa @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Irbisia pacifica @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora rhamni @ BPI (25)

Mycosphaerella vogelii @ BPI (4)

Septoria rhamni-catharticae @ BPI (4)
Nectriaceae  Neonectria @ BPI (2)
Piedraiaceae  Trichosporum fuscum @ BPI (1)
Platygloeaceae  Tuberculina persicina @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia coronata @ 142610A (1); BPI (105); 142610B (1); 142610C (1); 876053A (1)

Puccinia coronifera @ BPI (9)

Puccinia lolii @ BPI (4)

Puccinia rhamni @ BPI (4)
Valsaceae  Cytospora epileuca @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Biscogniauxia simplicior @ BPI (1)
_  Cicinobolus cesatii @ BPI (1)

Stictochorella vogelii @ BPI (3)

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Shrub Species of the World's Boreal Forests

World Boreal Trees

GLOSSARIES
Terminology  |  Pictorial

   
Rhamnus cathartica
European Buckthorn
Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn Family)

An ornamental, spiny shrub or small tree, growing to a height of 6 m and a diameter of 10 cm.

European Buckthorn Description

Distinguishing Features - Leaves: opposite or clustered on short spurs 2 - 6 cm long; broadly elliptical, finely-toothed, nearly hairless, slender-stalked; colouration: green above, paler below. Bark: brown, smooth, reddish inner bark. Twigs: grayish; often in pairs and with short spurs; slender, nearlyhairless, ending in narrow pointed scaly buds or sharp spines. Flowers: 5 mm wide; bell-shaped with four spreading pointed greenish-yellow sepals; clustered on short stalks at leaf bases; male and female usually on separate plants; flowering late spring. Fruit: 8 mm in diameter; black, berrylike with bitter pulp; generally four seeds; maturing late summer and autumn.

Habitat

Native to Europe and Asia; introduced to North America, found locally from southern Ontario east through Quebec to Nova Scotia; in dry soil conditions in sparse woods, clearings and along roadsides.

Notes

The European Buckthorn has been widely planted in Europe for hedges.

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Updated: 2017-11-25 08:25:45 gmt
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