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Rhamnus cathartica L.
BUCKTHORN
European Buckthorn; Common Buckthorn

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Rhamnaceae   Rhamnus

Rhamnus cathartica
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Rhamnus cathartica

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Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
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Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
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Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
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Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
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Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Rhamnus cathartica
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© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
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Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
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Rhamnus cathartica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
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© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica, _leaves_and_berries.JP80279_48.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Rhamnus cathartica, leaves and berries
JP80279_48

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSUC_TCN (4)
Bionectriaceae  Trichonectria @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia frangulae @ BPI (1)

Diplodia rhamni @ BPI (4)

Fusicoccum fibrosum @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta jahniana @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta osteospora @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta rhamnicola @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta rhamnigena @ 354552A (1); 354552B (1); BPI (3)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella vogelii @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Erythridula plena @ III (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe extensa @ BPI (7)

Diaporthe fibrosa @ BPI (21)

Diaporthe rhamnigena @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis fibrosa @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrypella verruciformis @ BPI (1)

Eutypella extensa @ BPI (1)
Didymosphaeriaceae  Asteromella vogelii @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (5)

Microsphaera friesii @ BPI (1)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium rhamnigenum @ 368060B (1); BPI (4); 368060A (1)
Melanconidaceae  Hercospora fibrosa @ BPI (1)

Rabenhorstia fibrosa @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Irbisia pacifica @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora rhamni @ BPI (25)

Mycosphaerella vogelii @ BPI (4)

Septoria rhamni-catharticae @ BPI (4)
Nectriaceae  Neonectria @ BPI (2)
Piedraiaceae  Trichosporum fuscum @ BPI (1)
Platygloeaceae  Tuberculina persicina @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia coronata @ BPI (105); 142610A (1); 142610C (1); 876053A (1); 142610B (1)

Puccinia coronifera @ BPI (9)

Puccinia lolii @ BPI (4)

Puccinia rhamni @ BPI (4)
Valsaceae  Cytospora epileuca @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Biscogniauxia simplicior @ BPI (1)
_  Cicinobolus cesatii @ BPI (1)

Stictochorella vogelii @ BPI (3)

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GLOSSARIES
Terminology  |  Pictorial

   
Rhamnus cathartica
European Buckthorn
Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn Family)

An ornamental, spiny shrub or small tree, growing to a height of 6 m and a diameter of 10 cm.

European Buckthorn Description

Distinguishing Features - Leaves: opposite or clustered on short spurs 2 - 6 cm long; broadly elliptical, finely-toothed, nearly hairless, slender-stalked; colouration: green above, paler below. Bark: brown, smooth, reddish inner bark. Twigs: grayish; often in pairs and with short spurs; slender, nearlyhairless, ending in narrow pointed scaly buds or sharp spines. Flowers: 5 mm wide; bell-shaped with four spreading pointed greenish-yellow sepals; clustered on short stalks at leaf bases; male and female usually on separate plants; flowering late spring. Fruit: 8 mm in diameter; black, berrylike with bitter pulp; generally four seeds; maturing late summer and autumn.

Habitat

Native to Europe and Asia; introduced to North America, found locally from southern Ontario east through Quebec to Nova Scotia; in dry soil conditions in sparse woods, clearings and along roadsides.

Notes

The European Buckthorn has been widely planted in Europe for hedges.

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHCA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHCA3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHCA3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RHCA3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RHCA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RHCA3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Rhamnus cathartica L.
common buckthorn

Image of Rhamnus cathartica

General Information
Symbol: RHCA3
Group: Dicot
Family: Rhamnaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Rhamnus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, MO, Saint Louis, Missouri Botanical Garden. October 14, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, MO, Saint Louis, Missouri Botanical Garden. October 14, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Russian Federation, Tiflis. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 502. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rhamnales
Family Rhamnaceae – Buckthorn family
Genus Rhamnus L. – buckthorn
Species Rhamnus cathartica L. – common buckthorn

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Connecticut common buckthorn Invasive, banned
Iowa Rhamnus
buckthorn Primary noxious weed 1
Massachusetts common buckthorn Prohibited
Minnesota common buckthorn, European buckthorn Restricted noxious weed
New Hampshire common buckthorn Prohibited invasive Species
Vermont common buckthorn Class B noxious weed
1 except R. frangula
U.S. Weed Information
Rhamnus Rhamnus cathartica European buckthorn European waythorn Hart's thorn common buckthorn nerprun cathartique This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (RHCA3)
CalPhotos (RHCA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RHCA3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (RHCA3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (RHCA3)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (RHCA3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (RHCA3)
Related Websites
CT-USDA NRCS Invasive Species Identification Sheets (RHCA3)
Canada-Invasive Exotic Plant Fact Sheets (RHCA3)
Canada-Ontario Noxious Weeds (RHCA3)
Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service: abstract & illustration (RHCA3)
Invasive Exotic Plants of Canada: abstract & illustrations (RHCA3)
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (RHCA3)
ME-Invasive Plant Fact Sheets (DNR) (RHCA3)
Missouri Botanic Garden image (RHCA3)
Poisonous Plants of North Carolina: Rhamnus species (RHCA3)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources: abstract (RHCA3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rhamnus+cathartica+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rhamnus+cathartica+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 12
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Rhamnus cathartica%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0401 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0402 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0403 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0404 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0405 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0406 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0407 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0408 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0409 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0410 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0411 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhamnus cathartica
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0412 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

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