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Rumex crispus L.
CURLED DOCK
Curly dock; Sour Dock; Yellow Dock; Narrow-Leaved Dock

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Polygonaceae   Rumex

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Rumex crispus, Curly Dock
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Rumex crispus, Curly Dock
Rumex crispus, Curly Dock
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Rumex crispus, Curly Dock

Rumex crispus, Curly dock
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Rumex crispus, Curly dock
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rumex crispus, whole plant - in flower - general view

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (1); AMNH_PBI (2); NCSU_ENT (64)

Dysaphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (1); AMNH_PBI (4); NCSU_ENT (2)

Macrosiphum venafuscae @ I_DJV (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pemphigus betae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Pemphigus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta straminella @ BPI (1)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (67)

Praon unicum @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella rumicis @ BPI (2)
Coccinellidae  Coccinella septempunctata @ I_LB (39)

Coleomegilla maculata @ I_LB (4)

Cycloneda munda @ I_LB (1)

Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (13)

Hippodamia convergens @ I_LB (3)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (2)

Oidium monosporium @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (40)

Neolygus semivittatus @ MEMU_ENT (1); AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus modestus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Orthotylus ornatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Taylorilygus apicalis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora rumicis @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella rumicis @ BPI (1)

Ovularia monosporia @ BPI (10); 413491A (1); 413491B (1)

Ovularia obliqua @ BPI (95)

Ovularia obovata @ BPI (1)

Ramularia decipiens @ BPI (28)

Ramularia macrospora @ BPI (2)

Ramularia obovata @ BPI (5)

Ramularia occidentalis @ BPI (6)

Ramularia pratensis @ BPI (1)

Ramularia rubella @ BPI (1)

Ramularia rumicis-crispi @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Gibberella pulicaris @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia lapathicola @ BPI (2)

Puccinia phragmitis @ 090368B (1); 090368A (1); 090365B (1); BPI (19); 090365A (1)

Puccinia punctiformis @ BPI (1)

Uromyces rumicis @ BPI (11)
Stictidaceae  Stictis radiata @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium scutula @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium rubellum @ BPI (1)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago domestica @ BPI (1)

Ustilago kuehneana @ BPI (3)

Ustilago parlatorei @ BPI (1)

Ustilago vinosa @ BPI (1)
_  Coniosporium fuckelii @ BPI (1)

Trichothecium roseum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=2&page=314

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Rumex crispus  L.

Curly Dock

Rumex crispus plant

Family - Polygonaceae

Stems - Stems to -2m tall, simple or branching at the apex, erect, from a big taproot, herbaceous, glabrous, ribbed, becoming red with age.

Rumex crispus stem Stem of mature plant.

Leaves - Basal leaves petiolate, to +/-50cm long (with petiole). Ocrea to -15cm long, scarious. Petiole to 20cm long, carinate. Blade lanceolate, crisped, glabrous, acute, +/-11cm broad, +/-45cm long, rounded at base, not cordate. Cauline leaves to +/-14cm long, glabrous, with smaller petiole than basal leaves, more crisped than basal leaves.

Rumex crispus leaf Leaf showing crisped margins.

Inflorescence - Terminal bracteate panicles to +/-40cm long (tall). Pedicels to 5mm long, with small swollen joint in basal 1/2.

Flowers - Outer perianth segments 3, 1.5mm long, green, glabrous, with scarious margins, rounded at apex. Inner perianth segments broadly ovate, to 2.5mm long in flower, glabrous, green. Ovary 3-sided, green, glabrous, 1mm long. Styles 3, reflexed, .6mm long. Stamens 6, adnate at base of perianth segments. Anthers yellow, to +1mm long. Filaments greenish, glabrous, 1mm long. Fruiting perianth segments becoming ferruginous, glabrous, to 5mm long, each with a tubercle. Tubercles to 1/2 the length of the fruiting perianth segments. Achenes ferruginous.

Rumex crispus fruits Fruiting perianth(s).

Rumex crispus plant Plant with mature fruits.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Fields, roadsides, railroads, waste ground, disturbed sites.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - This aggressive species is found throughout Missouri. The plant spreads easily can grow to quite a large size.
The tissues of this species, and most plants in this genus, have high concentrations of oxalic acid and can be irritating to some people. Traditionally the plant is eaten or made into a tea for many ailments such and fever, scurvy, tumors, and cancer.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, and off Mill St., Parkville, MO., 5-6-01, and in Van Buren, MO., 5-26-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Caryophyllales  
 Family Polygonaceae  
 Genus Rumex  
  Rumex crispus    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Rumex crispus fauriei Rumex fauriei   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 2: 314, 1996; Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania
Name Code: 203918
   Alien     
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RUCR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RUCR
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RUCR ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RUCR
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RUCR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RUCR
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Rumex crispus L.
curly dock

Image of Rumex crispus

General Information
Symbol: RUCR
Group: Dicot
Family: Polygonaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
PR   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Rumex thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Woodbridge, Occoquan National Wildlife Refuge. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 657. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Polygonales
Family Polygonaceae – Buckwheat family
Genus Rumex L. – dock
Species Rumex crispus L. – curly dock

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Rumex crispus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Rumex crispus</i>
L. ssp. <i>
crispus </i>
Rumex crispus ssp. crispus
curly dock Distribution of <i>
Rumex crispus</i>
L. ssp. <i>
fauriei</i>
(Rech. f.) Mosyakin & W.L. Wagner
Rumex crispus ssp. fauriei
curly dock

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arkansas Rumex
Noxious weed
Iowa sour dock Secondary noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Rumex Rumex crispus curly dock narrowleaf dock sour dock yellow dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FAC
Hawaii FAC
North America
Alaska FAC
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (RUCR)
CalPhotos (RUCR)
Flora of North America (RUCR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RUCR)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (RUCR)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (RUCR)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (RUCR)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (RUCR)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (RUCR)
Related Websites
Arizona: abstract & image of curly dock (Rumex crispus) (RUCR)
British Columbia Ag. & Food, Crop Protection Program (RUCR)
Canada-Manitoba Weeds (RUCR)
NY-Cornell University: Poisonous Plant Databases (images) (RUCR)
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (RUCR)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rumex+crispus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rumex+crispus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 67
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Rumex crispus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 6246 3041 2918 0016 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly-leaved Or Yellow Dock
ID: 8253 3202 4137 0048 [detail]
Beatrice F. Howitt
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly-leaved Or Yellow Dock
ID: 8253 3202 4137 0046 [detail]
Beatrice F. Howitt
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1100 0004 [detail]
© 2000 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 6246 3041 2918 0015 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curley Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0325 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curley Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0326 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curley Dock
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2419 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curley Dock
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2420 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
ID: 0000 0000 1105 0576 [detail]
© 2005 Steve Matson

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
ID: 0000 0000 1105 0577 [detail]
© 2005 Steve Matson

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
ID: 0000 0000 1105 0578 [detail]
© 2005 Steve Matson

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1205 0833 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1205 0834 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1205 0835 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1205 0836 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1205 0837 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1205 0838 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 1205 0839 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0574 [detail]
© 2006 Michelle Cloud-Hughes

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2388 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
Curly Dock
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2390 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
ID: 0000 0000 0616 1394 [detail]
© 2016 Michael O'Brien

Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
ID: 0000 0000 0616 1702 [detail]
© 2016 Michael O'Brien

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