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Salix nigra Marshall
BLACK WILLOW
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Salicaceae   Salix

Salix nigra, Black Willow
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Salix nigra, Black Willow

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Salix nigra, Black Willow
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Salix nigra, Black Willow
Salix nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Salix nigra

Salix nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Salix nigra
Salix nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Salix nigra

Salix nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Salix nigra
Salix nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Salix nigra

Salix nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Salix nigra
Salix nigra, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Salix nigra, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Salix nigra, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Salix nigra, whole tree or vine - general
Salix nigra, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Salix nigra, twig - orientation of petioles

Salix nigra, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Salix nigra, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Salix nigra, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Salix nigra, leaf - whole upper surface

Salix nigra, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Salix nigra, bark - of a large tree
Salix nigra, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Salix nigra, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Salix nigra, _axillary_bud.JP80033_07.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Salix nigra, axillary bud
JP80033_07

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Agaricus salignus @ BPI (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena andrenoides @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena atlantica @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena bisalicis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena cressonii @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Andrena forbesii @ UCRC_ENT (3)

Andrena hippotes @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena semipunctata @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Anthocoridae  Cardiastethus assimilis @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Aphelinidae  Marietta @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Chaitophorus macrostachyae @ CSUC_TCN (3)

Chaitophorus pusillus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Chaitophorus viminalis @ NCSU_ENT (1); CSUC_TCN (3); AMNH_PBI (2)

Chaitophorus viminicola @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Pterocomma populifoliae @ AMNH_PBI (1); NCSU (1)

Pterocomma smithiae @ CSUC_TCN (1); NCSU (2)

Tuberolachnus salignus @ NCSU (15)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)

Diplodia salicina @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta @ BPI (2)
Chaetosphaeriaceae  Chaetosphaeria pannicola @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Eratoneura contracta @ III (1)

Eratoneura maculata @ III (1)

Erythridula kanza @ III (1)

Erythridula rufostigmosa @ III (1)

Idiocerus ( @ UCR_ENT (5)

Kybos albolinea @ III (1)

Kybos andresia @ III (2)

Kybos ellisae @ III (3)

Kybos excava @ III (2)

Kybos obtusa @ III (2)

Kybos osborni @ III (5)

Kybos patula @ III (3)

Kybos salicis @ III (3)
Cixiidae  Melanoliarus ecologus @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Colletidae  Hylaeus sejunctus @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium confluens @ BPI (2)

Corticium radiosum @ BPI (1)

Corticium salicinum @ BPI (3)

Cytidia salicina @ BPI (6)

Dendrothele microspora @ BPI (1)

Laeticorticium @ BPI (1)
Cydnidae  Sehirus cinctus @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium fumago @ BPI (1)
Delphacidae  Delphacodes puella @ NCSU (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium lapponicum @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium salicis @ BPI (2)
Diaspididae  Aspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Hemiberlesia lataniae @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Lepidosaphes beckii @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Elsinoaceae  Sphaceloma murrayae @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Uncinula adunca @ BPI (1)

Uncinula salicis @ BPI (7)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (2)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea aesculi @ BPI (1)

Daedalea ambigua @ BPI (1)

Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (14)
Hapalopilaceae  Bjerkandera adusta @ BPI (1)

Irpiciporus lacteus @ BPI (1)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia lirella @ BPI (2)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum farinaceum @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete asperata @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora miyabeana @ 599507A (1); 599507B (1)

Physalospora salicis @ BPI (4)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium olivaceum @ BPI (1)
Lycoperdaceae  Lycoperdon pyriforme @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia lignaria @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ 020582A (1); 020596A (1); 020596B (1); BPI (73); 020582B (1)

Melampsora abietis-capraearum @ BPI (1)

Melampsora americana @ BPI (1)

Melampsora bigelowii @ BPI (51); 022500B (1)

Melampsora epitea @ BPI (9)

Melampsora farinosa @ BPI (14)

Melampsora humboldtiana @ BPI (9)

Melampsora paradoxa @ BPI (11)

Melampsora salicina @ BPI (4)

Melampsora @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconium salicinum @ BPI (2)
Melanommataceae  Aposphaeria pezizoides @ BPI (6)
Membracidae  Micrutalis calva @ NCSU (9)

Palonica nogalana @ UDCC_TCN (2)
Miridae  Agnocoris pulverulentus @ MEMU_ENT (7)

Agnocoris rossi @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Blepharidopterus provancheri @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Ceratocapsus fuscinus @ AMNH_IZC (1); AMNH_PBI (4)

Ceratocapsus pumilus @ NCSU_ENT (30)

Ceratocapsus quadrispiculus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Coridromius chenopoderis @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Deraeocoris poecilus @ NCSU (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp1 sp_005 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp20 sp_005 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Goodeniaphila cassisi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Hyaliodes vitripennis @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Lygidea obscura @ AMNH_PBI (4); NCSU_ENT (1)

Myrtlemiris russulatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus modestus @ NCSU_ENT (4)

Orthotylus viridis @ NCSU_ENT (4)

Phytocoris @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Plagiognathus atricornis @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Plagiognathus tinctus @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora salicina @ BPI (2)

Ramularia uredinis @ 419720B (1); 419720A (1); 419720D (1); 419720C (1)
Notodontidae  Furcula cinerea @ I_HVS (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora albula @ BPI (1)

Peniophora bartholomaei @ BPI (2)

Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (2)

Peniophora flavidoalba @ BPI (1)

Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (2)
Phanerochaetaceae  Phanerochaete flavidoalba @ BPI (1)

Phanerochaete magnoliae @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus corticatus @ BPI (1)

Pleurotus nidulans @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes conchatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes salicinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus brumalis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus crocatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus dichrous @ BPI (2)

Polyporus ectypus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fumosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus munzii @ BPI (2)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (6)

Poria ambigua @ BPI (2)

Poria andersonii @ BPI (1)

Poria latemarginata @ BPI (1)

Poria medulla-panis @ BPI (2)

Poria pulchella @ BPI (1)

Poria punctata @ BPI (2)

Poria vaporaria @ BPI (2)

Trametes suaveolens @ BPI (5)
Psyllidae  Cacopsylla minor @ UCR_ENT (1)
Reduviidae  Phymata salicis @ UCR_ENT (1)

Sinea spinipes @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Rhytismataceae  Propolomyces versicolor @ BPI (1)

Rhytisma salicinum @ BPI (3)
Schizaeaceae  Lophidium compressum @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (2)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis umbrina @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex farinaceus @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus oakesii @ BPI (1)

Stereum bicolor @ BPI (1)

Stereum rameale @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Stictis sphaeroboloidea @ BPI (1)
Tingidae  Corythucha mollicula @ NCSU (18)
Ulvaceae  Solenia ochracea @ BPI (1)

Solenia @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora chrysosperma @ BPI (1)

Cytospora salicis @ BPI (2)

Cytospora translucens @ BPI (1)

Cytospora @ BPI (1)

Valsa salicina @ BPI (4)
Venturiaceae  Fusicladium saliciperdum @ BPI (2)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon crocopeplum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon investiens @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon tinctor @ BPI (4)

Rosellinia aquila @ BPI (1)
_  Coniothecium effusum @ BPI (1)

Coniothecium toruloideum @ BPI (1)

Dictyosporium oblongum @ BPI (1)

Gloeodes pomigena @ BPI (1)

Illosporium coccineum @ BPI (1)

Myxosporium croceum @ BPI (1)

Plocamaphis flocculosa @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Septogloeum salicinum @ BPI (1)

Sphaerostilbe flammea @ BPI (1)

Trimmatostroma americana @ BPI (3)

Uredo bigelowii @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Salix nigra Marsh. Black Willow
Salicaceae — Willow family
Native
Salix nigra
Carousel Farm Park
April 2005

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   Top | See original

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   
Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SANI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SANI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SANI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SANI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SANI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SANI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Salix nigra Marshall
black willow

Image of Salix nigra

General Information
Symbol: SANI
Group: Dicot
Family: Salicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Salix thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Erica Asai. United States, FL, Columbia Co, Osceola National Forest. April 8, 2007. Usage Requirements .

©Erica Asai. United States, FL, Columbia Co, Osceola National Forest. April 9, 2007. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, TX, Denton. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 592. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
SAAM9 Salix ambigua Pursh, non Ehrh.
SADE8 Salix denudata Raf.
SADU2 Salix dubia Trautv.
SAFA7 Salix falcata Pursh
SAFL12 Salix flavovirens Hornem.
SALI4 Salix ligustrina Michx. f.
SALU4 Salix ludoviciana Raf.
SANIA2 Salix nigra Marshall var. altissima Sarg.
SANIB Salix nigra Marshall var. brevifolia Andersson
SANIB2 Salix nigra Marshall var. brevijulis Andersson
SANIF2 Salix nigra Marshall var. falcata (Pursh) Torr.
SANIL2 Salix nigra Marshall var. lindheimeri C.K. Schneid.
SANIL3 Salix nigra Marshall var. longifolia Andersson
SANIM2 Salix nigra Marshall var. marginata (Wimm. ex Andersson) Andersson
SAPU9 Salix purshiana Spreng.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Salicales
Family Salicaceae – Willow family
Genus Salix L. – willow
Species Salix nigra Marshall – black willow

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West OBL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains FACW
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SANI)
CalPhotos (SANI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAAM9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SADE8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SADU2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAFA7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAFL12)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SALI4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SALU4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SANI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SANIA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SANIB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SANIB2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SANIF2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SANIL2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SANIL3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SANIM2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAPU9)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SANI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SANI)
Native Plants Network (SANI)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (SANI)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SANI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SANI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SANI)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (SANI)

Wildlife

Food

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Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 24, 31, 34, 35 , 36 , 37, 38, 42, 43, 47 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Salicaceae | Salix

5. Salix nigra Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 139. 1785.

Black willow

Salix nigra var. falcata (Pursh) Torrey; S. nigra var. lindheimeri C. K. Schneider

Trees, 5-20+ m. Stems: branches highly brittle at base, red-brown to yellow-brown, glabrous; branchlets gray-brown to red-brown, glabrous or pilose to villous. Leaves: stipules rudimentary or foliaceous on early ones, usually foliaceous on late ones, (glands few or absent adaxially), apex acuminate, acute, or rounded; petiole (margins covering groove, with spherical glands distally), (2-)3-10(-15) mm, glabrous or pilose adaxially; largest medial blade (sometimes amphistomatous), very narrowly elliptic, lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, or linear to lorate, (50-)70-103(-190) × (6-)7.5-17(-23) mm, 6-13 times as long as wide, base cuneate to convex, margins serrulate, apex acuminate, acute, or caudate, abaxial surface (not glaucous), glabrous or pilose, hairs white or ferruginous, wavy, adaxial slightly glossy, glabrous or pilose (especially on midribs); proximal blade margins serrulate; juvenile blade glabrous or pilose abaxially, hairs white and/or ferruginous. Catkins: staminate 35-83 × 7-13 mm, flowering branchlet 5-35 mm; pistillate 23-74(-80 in fruit) × 5-10 mm, flowering branchlet 6-35 mm; floral bract 1-3 mm, apex acute or rounded, entire, abaxially sparsely hairy, hairs wavy; pistillate bract deciduous after flowering. Staminate flowers: abaxial nectary 0.3-1 mm, adaxial nectary oblong to ovate, 0.2-0.6 mm, nectaries distinct or connate and shallowly cup-shaped; stamens 4-6; filaments hairy on proximal 1/2 or basally; anthers 0.4-0.6 mm, (axes strongly recurved). Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong, (swollen), 0.2-0.5 mm; stipe 0.5-1.5 mm; ovary pyriform to obclavate, (rarely pilose), beak slightly bulged below styles; ovules 12-16 per ovary; styles 0.1-0.3 mm; stigmas (sometimes 2 plump lobes), 0.2-0.28-0.36 mm. Capsules 3-5 mm. 2 n = 38.

Flowering (south) early Feb-early May, (north) late Mar-early Jul. Floodplains, edges of ponds and lakes, swamps, marshes, white cedar bogs, wet meadows, open fields, roadside ditches, mixed upland deciduous woods along streams; 10-1400 m; N.B., Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.; Mexico (Chihuahua).

Hybrids:

Salix nigra forms natural hybrids with S. alba, S. amygdaloides, S. caroliniana, S. gooddingii , and S. lucida.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+nigra&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+nigra&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salix nigra%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Salix nigra
Salix nigra
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0885 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Salix nigra
Salix nigra
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0296 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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