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Sanguinaria canadensis L.
BLOODROOT
Indian paint; Puccoon

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Papaveraceae   Sanguinaria

Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 12
Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot

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Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 10
Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot
Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.. ZS PMax UDR
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.. ZS PMax UDR

Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 5
Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot
Sanguinaria canadensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sanguinaria canadensis

Sanguinaria canadensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sanguinaria canadensis

Sanguinaria canadensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sanguinaria canadensis

Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot leaf
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Sanguinaria canadensis, Bloodroot leaf
Sanguinaria canadensis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Sanguinaria canadensis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Sanguinaria canadensis, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Sanguinaria canadensis, whole plant - in fruit
Sanguinaria canadensis, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Sanguinaria canadensis, fruit - juvenile

Sanguinaria canadensis, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Sanguinaria canadensis, stem - showing leaf bases
Sanguinaria canadensis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Sanguinaria canadensis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Names
Scientific source:

Geographic distribution
This species has not yet been officially reported in the park.

Supported by

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena dunningi @ AMNH_BEE (9)
Aphididae  Linosiphon sanguinarium @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta sanguinariae @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium circinans @ BPI (7)

Gloeosporium sanguinariae @ BPI (2)
Megachilidae  Osmia lignaria @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora sanguinariae @ BPI (10)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum neglectum @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Sanguinaria canadensis L. Bloodroot
Papaveraceae — Poppy family
Native
Sanguinaria canadensis
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
April 2007 Sanguinaria canadensis
The front yard
March 2010 Sanguinaria canadensis
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
March 2012 Sanguinaria canadensis
White Clay Creek Preserve
April 2003 Sanguinaria canadensis
White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
April 2011 Sanguinaria canadensis
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
April 2011 Sanguinaria canadensis
Three seeds. The white parts are called elaiosomes .
Sanguinaria canadensis
Ants on a seed. The front yard
May 2011 Sanguinaria canadensis
Rhizome and roots The backyard
May 2011 Sanguinaria canadensis
This year I saw a few flowers with one or more translucent petals, all in one small area. I'd never noticed any like that before.
Sanguinaria canadensis
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
April 2014 Sanguinaria canadensis
White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
April 2015

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Sanguinaria canadensis  L. - Bloodroot

Sanguinaria canadensis plant

Family - Papaveraceae

Stems - Thick subterranean rhizome, branching, with blood red sap. Roots fibrous to slightly thickened.

Leaves - Leaves produced from each end of the rhizome. At anthesis the leaves are typically shorter than the pedicel of the flower. Petiole elongating to +/-17cm long, glabrous. Blades lobed or not, glaucous abaxially, dull green adaxially, glabrous, +12cm broad, 10cm long.

Sanguinaria canadensis leaf Leaf at anthesis.

Sanguinaria canadensis leaf

Inflorescence - Single flower produced just before or with the new seasons leaf. Peduncle to +11cm long in flower, glabrous, expanding in fruit to +15cm long, typically exserted from between the cordate base of the leaf.

Flowers - Petals typically 8 (4 being slightly larger then the others), white, oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic, glabrous, entire, to 3cm long, -1cm broad. Stamens many. Filaments 5-10mm long. Anthers yellow, 2-2.5mm long. Style very short (1mm long). Stigma 2-lobed. Capsules to +3cm long, 1cm in diameter, glabrous, beaked, unilocular. Placentation parietal. Seeds keeled, 10-15 per capsule.

Sanguinaria canadensis flower Flower.

Sanguinaria canadensis flower Again.

Sanguinaria canadensis fruit Developing fruit.

Sanguinaria canadensis flower Double flower.

Flowering - March - April.

Habitat - Base of bluffs, ravines, rich or rocky woods, bottoms, limestone outcrops.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is one the most popular and easily recognizable wildflowers in North America. It can be found throughout Missouri. The plant is most often seen in fruit rather than in flower because the striking flowers are very short lived. The fruits develop quickly after the flowers have wilted.
The rhizome of this species bleeds a red sap when injured, hence the common name of the plant, "Bloodroot." Licking the root causes an instant burning sensation on the tounge and lips. Some people have experienced tunnel vision from licking the root a bit too much.
This species was used widely by natives to treat a variety of ailments. Juice from the rhizome was used as an appetite stimulant and a sedative. A tea from the root was used to treat rheumatism, asthma, fevers, and other bronchial ailments. Many other modern remedies have been made from the plant also, this has led to its decline in areas where plant hunters seek to collect wild plants for profit. Please do not pick this species from the wild. It will grow from seed.
The species contains the alkaloid sanguinarine which has shown antiseptic, anticancer, and anesthetic properties. It is used in mouthwash and toothpaste as an plaque inhibitor.

Photographs taken in Vale, NC., 3-15-03, in Umstead State Park, NC., 3-23-03, and at Eagle Bluffs Conservation Area, Boone County, MO., 3-20-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SACA13 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SACA13
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SACA13

Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Papaveraceae | Sanguinaria

1. Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 1753.

Sanguinaria australis Greene; S . canadensis var. rotundifolia (Greene) Fedde; S . dilleniana Greene

Plants to 4(-6) dm, glabrous; rhizomes branching. Leaves: petiole to 15 cm; blade orbiculate-reniform to cordate-sagittate, mostly palmately 5-7-lobed, to 25 cm wide; margins scalloped; adaxial surface glaucous. Inflorescences: scape to 15 cm. Flowers: sepals ca. 1 cm; petals white or pinkish, oblong to oblanceolate, 15-30 mm; style to 3 mm. Capsules fusiform, 35-60 mm, glabrous. Seeds black to red-orange, obscurely reticulate. 2 n = 18 (cult.).

Flowering earliest spring. Moist to dry woods and thickets, often on flood plains and shores or near streams on slopes, less frequently in clearings and meadows or on dunes, rarely in disturbed sites; 0-1300 m; Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Sanguinaria canadensis has been reported from Mississippi, but no specimens are known.

The leaves of Sanguinaria canadensis are quite variable in shape and size, and the scape and petals vary considerably in length. In some plants the petals are clearly differentiated into sets of two different sizes, but in others the differentiation is barely perceptible. Extremes of variation in these characters have been the bases for recognizing several forms, varieties, and even distinct species, but intermediates of all degrees are found and the variation is only loosely correlated with geography or habitat. Thus, it seems best to limit formal recognition to a single, quite variable species.

Although bloodroot is an ingredient of some compound cough remedies, it contains the poisonous alkaloid sanguinarine, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has characterized Sanguinaria canadensis as an unsafe herb (J. A. Duke 1985). Native Americans used it medicinally to treat ulcers and sores, croup, cramps, burns, tapeworms, fevers, diarrhea, and irregular periods, in cough syrups, as a spring emetic and blood purifier, to stop vomiting, and as a love charm, as well as in cermonial face paint (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 60
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Sanguinaria canadensis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0403 0747 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0403 0746 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0645 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0648 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0646 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0303 0275 [detail]
© 2003 Lisa Powers

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0647 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0404 0295 [detail]
© 2004 Jeff Abbas

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0890 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1030 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0891 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0892 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0893 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0894 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0405 0720 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0405 0721 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0405 0743 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1769 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1770 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1769 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1770 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0406 1584 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0406 1595 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1695 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. multiplex%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. multiplex
Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. multiplex
ID: 0000 0000 1010 1373 [detail]
© 2010 Mike Ireland

Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. multiplex
Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. multiplex
ID: 0000 0000 1010 1374 [detail]
© 2010 Mike Ireland

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 7
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0804 0583 [detail]
© 2004 Mike Ireland

Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0804 0584 [detail]
© 2004 Mike Ireland

Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0804 0586 [detail]
© 2004 Mike Ireland

Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0804 0587 [detail]
© 2004 Mike Ireland

Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Bloodroot
ID: 0000 0000 0804 0588 [detail]
© 2004 Mike Ireland

Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
ID: 0000 0000 1006 0052 [detail]
© 2006 Mike Ireland

Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
Sanguinaria canadensis ssp. flore plena
ID: 0000 0000 1006 0053 [detail]
© 2006 Mike Ireland

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2017-09-19 19:43:25 gmt
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