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Smilax smallii Morong
LANCELEAF GREENBRIER
Lance-Leaved Greenbrier; Cantaque

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Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

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Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 469, 470, 477 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Smilacaceae | Smilax

18. Smilax smallii Morong, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 21: 430. 1894.

Cantaque

Smilax cinnamomiifolia Small; S. ovata Pursh 1814, not Duhamel 1803

Vines; rhizomes irregularly tuberous, branched, thick, to 1.5+ m. Stems perennial, climbing, greenish or reddish brown, terete, 10+ m × 27 mm, woody, glabrous, glaucous when young; prickles few, scattered, recurved, flattened, 3—4 mm. Leaves evergreen, distally disposed (± evenly disposed on immature plants); petiole 0.3—1.3 cm; blade deep green, often variegated, drying to pale green, lanceolate-elliptic to narrowly ovate, prominently reticulate, 5-veined from base, 5—6.6 × 1.7—3 cm, abaxially glabrous, not glaucous, base rounded to cuneate, margins entire to undulate, apex acuminate. Umbels many, axillary to leaves, 7—15-flowered, loose to dense, hemispherical to spherical; peduncle 0.5—2.3 cm. Flowers: perianth green; tepals 3—6 mm; anthers ± 1/5 as long as filaments; ovule 1 per locule; pedicel (0.3—)0.5—0.7(—1) cm. Berries black, globose to compressed, 5.5—8 mm, glaucous.

Flowering Jun--Jul. Rich woods, pinewoods, streambanks, edges of fields, swamp margins, ditches, well-drained but not dry soils; 0--600 m; Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tex., Va.

Smilax smallii is the highest-climbing species of Smilax within the flora and it is particularly conspicuous during the winter. It has been used as an ornamental and as a winter decoration, primarily in the Christmas trade. The starchy rhizomes and succulent, immature stems were used for food by Native Americans and early settlers.

Updated: 2017-09-22 19:15:40 gmt
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