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Smilax smallii Morong
LANCELEAF GREENBRIER
Lance-Leaved Greenbrier; Cantaque

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Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

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Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii

Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii
Smilax smallii
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Smilax smallii
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SMSM ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SMSM
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SMSM ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SMSM
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SMSM ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SMSM
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Smilax smallii Morong
lanceleaf greenbrier

Image of Smilax smallii

General Information
Symbol: SMSM
Group: Monocot
Family: Smilacaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Vine
Native Status : L48   N
PR   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Smilax thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Carl Hunter. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 530. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
SMDO Smilax domingensis auct. non Willd.
SMLA2 Smilax lanceolata auct. non L.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Smilacaceae – Catbrier family
Genus Smilax L. – greenbrier
Species Smilax smallii Morong – lanceleaf greenbrier

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Flora of North America (SMSM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SMDO)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SMLA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SMSM)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SMSM)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SMSM)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 469, 470, 477 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Smilacaceae | Smilax

18. Smilax smallii Morong, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 21: 430. 1894.

Cantaque

Smilax cinnamomiifolia Small; S. ovata Pursh 1814, not Duhamel 1803

Vines; rhizomes irregularly tuberous, branched, thick, to 1.5+ m. Stems perennial, climbing, greenish or reddish brown, terete, 10+ m × 27 mm, woody, glabrous, glaucous when young; prickles few, scattered, recurved, flattened, 3—4 mm. Leaves evergreen, distally disposed (± evenly disposed on immature plants); petiole 0.3—1.3 cm; blade deep green, often variegated, drying to pale green, lanceolate-elliptic to narrowly ovate, prominently reticulate, 5-veined from base, 5—6.6 × 1.7—3 cm, abaxially glabrous, not glaucous, base rounded to cuneate, margins entire to undulate, apex acuminate. Umbels many, axillary to leaves, 7—15-flowered, loose to dense, hemispherical to spherical; peduncle 0.5—2.3 cm. Flowers: perianth green; tepals 3—6 mm; anthers ± 1/5 as long as filaments; ovule 1 per locule; pedicel (0.3—)0.5—0.7(—1) cm. Berries black, globose to compressed, 5.5—8 mm, glaucous.

Flowering Jun--Jul. Rich woods, pinewoods, streambanks, edges of fields, swamp margins, ditches, well-drained but not dry soils; 0--600 m; Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tex., Va.

Smilax smallii is the highest-climbing species of Smilax within the flora and it is particularly conspicuous during the winter. It has been used as an ornamental and as a winter decoration, primarily in the Christmas trade. The starchy rhizomes and succulent, immature stems were used for food by Native Americans and early settlers.

Updated: 2018-06-20 23:23:32 gmt
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