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Solanum L.
NIGHTSHADE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Solanaceae

&get_edits_file 20p v5.145 20180528 -- can't write to directory /DL/users/p/Perlman,_Dan/EL_DP.org for agent_id=EL_DP. Did nothing.

Solanum americanum, Black Nightshade
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Solanum americanum, Black Nightshade

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Solanum americanum, Black Nightshade
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Solanum americanum, Black Nightshade
Solanum hayesii, leaf bottom
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 9
Solanum hayesii, leaf bottom

Solanum hayesii, leaf bottom
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 9
Solanum hayesii, leaf bottom
Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade

Solanum carolinense, Horse-nettle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Solanum carolinense, Horse-nettle
Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade

Solanum carolinense, Horse-nettle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Solanum carolinense, Horse-nettle
Solanum subinerme, leaf bottom stem
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 8
Solanum subinerme, leaf bottom stem

Solanum hayesii, leaf bottom stem
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 8
Solanum hayesii, leaf bottom stem
Solanum subinerme, leaf bottom stem
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 8
Solanum subinerme, leaf bottom stem

Solanum hayesii, leaf bottom stem
© Tomas Pickering and Graham Wyatt, 2006 · 8
Solanum hayesii, leaf bottom stem
Solanum carolinense, Horse Nettle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 6
Solanum carolinense, Horse Nettle

Solanum carolinense, Horse Nettle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 6
Solanum carolinense, Horse Nettle
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Kinds

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  plant @ I_RTH (5)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Aleyrodes spiraeoides @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Bemisia centroamericana @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Trialeurodes abutiloneus @ CSCA_TCN (10)

Trialeurodes vaporariorum @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Anthocoridae  Anthocoris melanocerus @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Aphelinidae  Encarsia luteola @ UCRC_ENTA (2)

Encarsia meritoria @ UCRC_ENTA (18)

Encarsia @ UCRC_ENTA (16)

Eretmocerus emiratus @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus hayati @ UCRC_ENTA (4)

Eretmocerus mundus @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (16)

Eretmocerus nr @ UCRC_ENTA (2)

Eretmocerus unknown @ UCRC_ENTA (3)

Eretmocerus @ UCRC_ENTA (23)

Myiocnema @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Apidae  Anthophora californica @ LACM_ENTB (2)

Anthophora vallorum @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Bombus diligens @ LACM_ENTB (5)

Bombus ephippiatus @ LACM_ENTB (3); EMEC (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus impatiens @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus mexicanus @ EMEC (17)

Bombus pensylvanicus @ LACM_ENTB (1); EMEC (1); UCRC_ENT (1)

Bombus pullatus @ EMEC (3)

Bombus robustus @ LACM_ENTB (3)

Bombus steindachneri @ EMEC (4)

Thygater rubricata @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Cercopidae  Philaenus spumarius @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Cicadidae  Diceroprocta apache @ CSUC_TCN (22)

Diceroprocta eugraphica @ CSUC_TCN (2)
Colletidae  Lonchopria longicornis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Ptiloglossa arizonensis @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Coreidae  Acanthocephala ( @ NCSU (1)
Lygaeidae  Nysius palor @ BPBM_TCN (3)
Membracidae  Vanduzea segmentata @ UDCC_NRI (1)
Miridae  Halticus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Microtechnites bractatus @ MEMU_ENT (1); UDCC_TCN (1)

Tupiocoris notatus @ NCSU (6)
Pentatomidae  Euschistus servus @ AMNH_IZC (3)

Perillus bioculatus @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Reduviidae  Sinea @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Tingidae  Gargaphia opacula @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Inoma sp_n_sp_b_nr_kalbarri @ UNSW_ENT (1)
_  Allocoris incognita @ AMNH_IZC (1)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOLAN ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOLAN
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOLAN ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOLAN
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOLAN ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOLAN
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Solanum L.
nightshade

Image of Solanum

General Information
Symbol: SOLAN
Group: Dicot
Family: Solanaceae
Duration:  
Growth Habit :  
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I,N,W
HI   I,N,N?
L48   I,N
NAV   N
PB   I,N
PR   I,N
VI   I,N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Solanum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . Kenya, Nyeri, Outspan Hotel. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . Australia, Brisbane, Hintze Dam. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, CA, Riverside Co., University of California Riverside Botanic Gardens. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, CA, San Francisco, Fort Point. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Solanales
Family Solanaceae – Potato family
Genus Solanum L. – nightshade

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 104 species of Solanum . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Solanum aculeastrum</i>
Dunal
Solanum aculeastrum
sodaapple nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum adscendens</i>
Sendtn.
Solanum adscendens
sonoita nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum aethiopicum</i>
L.
Solanum aethiopicum
Ethiopian nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum americanum</i>
Mill.
Solanum americanum
American black nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum anguivi</i>
Lam.
Solanum anguivi
Distribution of <i>
Solanum aviculare</i>
G. Forst.
Solanum aviculare
New Zealand nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum bahamense</i>
L.
Solanum bahamense
Bahama nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum bulbocastanum</i>
Dunal
Solanum bulbocastanum
ornamental nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum burbankii</i>
Bitter
Solanum burbankii
wonderberry Distribution of <i>
Solanum campechiense</i>
L.
Solanum campechiense
redberry nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum candidum</i>
Lindl.
Solanum candidum
fuzzyfruit nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum capsicoides</i>
All.
Solanum capsicoides
cockroach berry Distribution of <i>
Solanum cardiophyllum</i>
Lindl.
Solanum cardiophyllum
heartleaf horsenettle Distribution of <i>
Solanum carolinense</i>
L.
Solanum carolinense
Carolina horsenettle Distribution of <i>
Solanum citrullifolium</i>
A. Braun
Solanum citrullifolium
watermelon nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum clokeyi</i>
Munz
Solanum clokeyi
Clokey's nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum commersonii</i>
Dunal ex Poir.
Solanum commersonii
Commerson's nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum conocarpum</i>
Dunal
Solanum conocarpum
marron bacoba Distribution of <i>
Solanum davisense</i>
M.D. Whalen
Solanum davisense
Davis horsenettle Distribution of <i>
Solanum demissum</i>
Lindl.
Solanum demissum
nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum dimidiatum</i>
Raf.
Solanum dimidiatum
western horsenettle Distribution of <i>
Solanum diphyllum</i>
L.
Solanum diphyllum
twoleaf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum donianum</i>
Walp.
Solanum donianum
mullein nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum douglasii</i>
Dunal
Solanum douglasii
greenspot nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum dulcamara</i>
L.
Solanum dulcamara
climbing nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum elaeagnifolium</i>
Cav.
Solanum elaeagnifolium
silverleaf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum erianthum</i>
D. Don
Solanum erianthum
potatotree Distribution of <i>
Solanum fendleri</i>
A. Gray ex Torr.
Solanum fendleri
Fendler's horsenettle Distribution of <i>
Solanum ferox</i>
L.
Solanum ferox
nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum furcatum</i>
Dunal ex Poir.
Solanum furcatum
forked nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum gayanum</i>
(Remy) Phil. f.
Solanum gayanum
Chilean nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum gilo</i>
Raddi
Solanum gilo
gilo Distribution of <i>
Solanum glaucophyllum</i>
Desf.
Solanum glaucophyllum
waxyleaf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum guamense</i>
Merr.
Solanum guamense
Distribution of <i>
Solanum heterodoxum</i>
Dunal
Solanum heterodoxum
melonleaf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum hindsianum</i>
Benth.
Solanum hindsianum
Hinds' nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum hispidum</i>
Pers.
Solanum hispidum
devil's fig Distribution of <i>
Solanum hyporhodium</i>
A. Braun & Bouche
Solanum hyporhodium
cocona Distribution of <i>
Solanum incanum</i>
L.
Solanum incanum
nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum incompletum</i>
Dunal
Solanum incompletum
thorny popolo Distribution of <i>
Solanum interius</i>
Rydb.
Solanum interius
deadly nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum jamaicense</i>
Mill.
Solanum jamaicense
Jamaican nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum jamesii</i>
Torr.
Solanum jamesii
wild potato Distribution of <i>
Solanum jasminoides</i>
Paxton
Solanum jasminoides
jasmine nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum khasianum</i>
C.B. Clarke
Solanum khasianum
nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum lanceifolium</i>
Jacq.
Solanum lanceifolium
lanceleaf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum lanceolatum</i>
Cav.
Solanum lanceolatum
orangeberry nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum leptosepalum</i>
Correll
Solanum leptosepalum
tigna potato Distribution of <i>
Solanum lumholtzianum</i>
Bartlett
Solanum lumholtzianum
Sonoran nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum lycopersicum</i>
L.
Solanum lycopersicum
garden tomato Distribution of <i>
Solanum macrocarpon</i>
L.
Solanum macrocarpon
nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum mammosum</i>
L.
Solanum mammosum
nipplefruit Distribution of <i>
Solanum marginatum</i>
L. f.
Solanum marginatum
purple African nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum mariannense</i>
Hosok.
Solanum mariannense
Distribution of <i>
Solanum mauritianum</i>
Scop.
Solanum mauritianum
earleaf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum melanocerasum</i>
All.
Solanum melanocerasum
garden huckleberry Distribution of <i>
Solanum melongena</i>
L.
Solanum melongena
eggplant Distribution of <i>
Solanum mucronatum</i>
O.E. Schulz
Solanum mucronatum
pepino Distribution of <i>
Solanum muricatum</i>
Aiton
Solanum muricatum
pepino Distribution of <i>
Solanum nelsonii</i>
Dunal
Solanum nelsonii
Nelson's horsenettle Distribution of <i>
Solanum nigrescens</i>
M. Martens & Galeotti
Solanum nigrescens
divine nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum nigrum</i>
L.
Solanum nigrum
black nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum nudum</i>
Kunth ex Dunal
Solanum nudum
forest nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum parishii</i>
A. Heller
Solanum parishii
Parish's nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum peruvianum</i>
L.
Solanum peruvianum
Peruvian nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum phureja</i>
Juz. & Buk.
Solanum phureja
nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum physalifolium</i>
Rusby
Solanum physalifolium
hoe nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum pimpinellifolium</i>
Jusl.
Solanum pimpinellifolium
currant tomato Distribution of <i>
Solanum pinnatisectum</i>
Dunal [excluded]
Solanum pinnatisectum
tansyleaf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum polygamum</i>
Vahl
Solanum polygamum
cakalaka berry Distribution of <i>
Solanum pseudocapsicum</i>
L.
Solanum pseudocapsicum
Jerusalem cherry Distribution of <i>
Solanum pseudogracile</i>
Heiser
Solanum pseudogracile
glowing nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum pterocaulon</i>
Dunal [excluded]
Solanum pterocaulon
Distribution of <i>
Solanum ptycanthum</i>
Dunal
Solanum ptycanthum
West Indian nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum pumilum</i>
Dunal
Solanum pumilum
dwarf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum pyrifolium</i>
Lam.
Solanum pyrifolium
pear-leaf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum quitoense</i>
Lam.
Solanum quitoense
naranjilla Distribution of <i>
Solanum racemosum</i>
Jacq.
Solanum racemosum
canker berry Distribution of <i>
Solanum riedlei</i>
Dunal
Solanum riedlei
Riedle's nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum robustum</i>
Wendl.
Solanum robustum
shrubby nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum rostratum</i>
Dunal
Solanum rostratum
buffalobur nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum rugosum</i>
Dunal
Solanum rugosum
tabacon aspero Distribution of <i>
Solanum sandwicense</i>
Hook. & Arn.
Solanum sandwicense
Hawai'i horsenettle Distribution of <i>
Solanum scabrum</i>
Mill.
Solanum scabrum
garden-huckleberry Distribution of <i>
Solanum seaforthianum</i>
Andrews
Solanum seaforthianum
Brazilian nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum sessiliflorum</i>
Dunal
Solanum sessiliflorum
cocona Distribution of <i>
Solanum sisymbriifolium</i>
Lam.
Solanum sisymbriifolium
sticky nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum tampicense</i>
Dunal
Solanum tampicense
scrambling nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum tenuilobatum</i>
Parish
Solanum tenuilobatum
San Diego nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum tenuipes</i>
Bartlett
Solanum tenuipes
fancy nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum torvum</i>
Sw.
Solanum torvum
turkey berry Distribution of <i>
Solanum triflorum</i>
Nutt.
Solanum triflorum
cutleaf nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum triquetrum</i>
Cav.
Solanum triquetrum
Texas nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum tuberosum</i>
L.
Solanum tuberosum
Irish potato Distribution of <i>
Solanum umbellatum</i>
Mill.
Solanum umbellatum
nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum umbelliferum</i>
Eschsch.
Solanum umbelliferum
bluewitch nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum viarum</i>
Dunal
Solanum viarum
tropical soda apple Distribution of <i>
Solanum villosum</i>
(L.) Mill.
Solanum villosum
hairy nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum virginianum</i>
L.
Solanum virginianum
Surattense nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum viride</i>
G. Forst. ex Spreng.
Solanum viride
green nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum wallacei</i>
(A. Gray) Parish
Solanum wallacei
Catalina nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum wendlandii</i>
Hook. f.
Solanum wendlandii
giant potatocreeper Distribution of <i>
Solanum woodburyi</i>
Howard
Solanum woodburyi
Woodbury's nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum xanti</i>
A. Gray
Solanum xanti
chaparral nightshade Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
CalPhotos (SOLAN)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOLAN)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SOLAN)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Solanum+sp.&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Solanum+sp.&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 3
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Solanum sp.%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Solanum sp.
Solanum sp.
Nightshade
ID: 8253 3202 4144 0029 [detail]
Dr. G Dallas and Margaret Hanna
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Solanum sp.
Solanum sp.
Nightshade
ID: 8253 3202 4144 0082 [detail]
Dr. G Dallas and Margaret Hanna
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Solanum sp.
Solanum sp.
ID: 1338 3161 0874 0011 [detail]
H. Vannoy Davis
© 2004 California Academy of Sciences

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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