D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Strongylura fluviatilis (Regan, 1903)
FRESHWATER NEEDLEFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Belonidae   Strongylura

Strongylura fluviatilis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Strongylura fluviatilis

Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guides

Links

    We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • FishBase

80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on image to enlarge.
Strongylura fluviatilis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Strongylura fluviatilis
espa˝ol

Overview
Main identification features
  • cheek long (2xoperculum)
  • black blotch above pectoral base
Body rounded; head length ~37% of total length; length of cheek ~2X length of operculum; eye diameter ~32% of length of head behind eye, equal to distance between eyes; snout =2/3 of head length; no gill rakers; dorsal 15-16 rays, front rays longer, origin over 5th-7th anal ray; anal 16-18 rays, longest rays a little longer than those of dorsal & equal to pectoral; pectoral 21-25% of head length; pelvic origin midway between rear of eye and base of tail fin; tail slightly concave; no keel on tail base; operculum completely scaled, 180-200 scales before dorsal fin.

A silvery stripe along mid-flank, broader at rear; black blotch above base of pectoral.

Size: 45 cm.

Habitat: a freshwater species that also occurs in mangrove areas.

Depth: 0-5 m.

The Gulf of San Miguel, Panama to Ecuador.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 5 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=9; Southern limit=-4; Western limit=-82; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=13; Longitudinal range=4.
Egg Type: Benthic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Estuary; Mangrove; Water column; Freshwater.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 45 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Panamic province endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Freshwater; Non Marine.
Water Column Position: Surface; Water column only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Banford, H.M., Bermingham, E. and Collette, B.B., 2004., Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of transisthmian and amphi-Atlantic needlefishes (Belonidae: Strongylura and Tylosurus): perspectives on new world marine speciation., Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 31:833-851.
  • Lovejoy , N. R. and Collette, B. B., 2001., Phylogenetic relationships of new world needlefishes (Teleostei: Belonidae) and the biogeography of transitions between marine and freshwater habitats., Copeia, 2001:324-338.
  • Mees, G. F., 1962., A preliminary revision of the Belonidae., Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden), 54:1-96.
  • Regan, C. T., 1903., Descriptions of new South-American fishes in the collection of the British Museum., Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7), 12:621-630.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


Supported by
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Strongylura&speciesname=fluviatilis ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Strongylura-fluviatilis.html

You can sponsor this page

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Strongylura fluviatilis   (Regan, 1903)

Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Strongylura fluviatilis Strongylura fluviatilis
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Belonidae (Needlefishes)
Etymology: Strongylura: Greek, strongylos = round + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - ? m.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: rivers of the western slope of the Andes.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40653 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oviparous (Ref. 205 ). Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface (Ref. 205 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborators

Lovejoy, N.R. and B.B. Collette , 2003. Belonidae (Needlefishes). p. 586-590. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 40653 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00056 - 0.00297), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.2   ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
Accessed through: Not available FishBase mirror site : localhost Page last modified by : mrius-barile - 20 July 2016
Total processing time for the page : 2.5621 seconds

Updated: 2018-07-17 12:33:39 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation