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Terrapene carolina (Linnaeus, 1758)
EASTERN BOX TURTLE
Florida Box Turtle; Gulf Coast Box Turtle; Three-Toed Box Turtle

Life   Vertebrata   Reptilia   Testudines   Emydidae   Terrapene

Terrapene carolina carolina, Box Turtles
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Terrapene carolina carolina, Box Turtles

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Terrapene carolina, Box Turtle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Terrapene carolina, Box Turtle
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Terrapene carolina
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Following served from Savannah River Ecology Laboratory
   
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Following served from Empire of the Turtle
   
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Following modified from University of Georgia Museum of Natural History
   
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Following served from Turtle Tails
   
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Following served from Turtle Tails
   
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Following served from Florida Nature
   
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Following modified from North American Box Turtles
   
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North American Box Turtles

By Joe Heinen DC

T. c. major
The Gulf Coast Box Turtle

 

T. c. major, The Gulf Coast Box Turtle
3 Year Old Gulf Coast Box Turtle

This is a larger species. It is elongated and the carapace is keeled. The marginal scutes are flared. The carapace is dark brown to black with dull scattered spots or radiating lines. The plastron is deep brown to jet black...with or without patterns. Males can have white patches on the head and in some cases the head may be almost white.

 

Housing:

Care in captivity should mimic its natural habitat as much as possible.

Ideally they should be kept in large outdoor pens . The pen should be located where it can receive some direct sunlight early in the day and dappled light the rest of the day The substrate should be leaf litter. In my pen, 1/3 is covered with at least 6" of composted hay. This provides an abundance of grubs, worms, slugs, millipedes and other food. The rest of the pen is covered with about an inch of leaf litter. Outdoor pens can be planted with shade loving plants such as ferns and Hostas.

Also, they need a water source for soaking and drinking. I use large glazed ceramic flower pot bottoms partially sunk into the substrate.

Indoor pens also should be as large as space will allow. For the most part aquariums are unsuitable.  A minimum sized pen can be made from a 50 gallon Rubbermaid storage container .

Although very functional, a storage container isn't very attractive. With a little imagination (and some carpentry skills), very attractive pens can be made. To the right is an excellent example by Ellen Friedman.

Ellen Friedman

When kept indoors, it is crucial that a UVB-emitting reptile bulb be used. I prefer the UVHeat type bulb. Eastern Box Turtles like to soak often and should have an adequately large water dish that they can easily get in and out of. When kept indoors I usually soak them once a week in a large dishpan with a couple inches of lukewarm water. They tend to defecate in the water dish so these need to be cleaned daily. Humidity is a major issue. Most box turtles are kept far to dry. This leads to eye problems which are often mistaken for eye infections and/or respiratory infections. To keep the humidity high I use sphagnum moss/Bed-a-Beast/sand mix. This is kept moist with daily misting. They should have hiding spots and an area for burrowing available. Eastern Box Turtles should have a basking area that is maintained at 87-90°F., and a cooler, shaded area.


Diet:

60% or more of the diet is composed of animal matter. Some of the "animal" matter they eat in the wild includes: slugs, snails, worms, grubs, caterpillars, beetles, pill bugs, sow bugs, centipedes, crickets, grasshoppers, spiders, flies, crawfish and carrion. Essentially, if they can catch it, they will eat it.

The rest is plant matter. A large part of which is fungi (mushrooms etc). Moss, berries and grass are also eaten.

More information can be found at http://aboxturtle.com/box_turtle_diet.htm

 

 

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Care Sheets

Diet

Health Issues

Breeding

Miscellaneous

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Copyright © 2000-2015 Joe Heinen DC All Rights Reserved.

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Following served from Central Pets.com
   
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Following served from The Turtle Pages
   
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Following modified from Tortoise Trust
   
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Three-toed box turtle:
Terrapene carolina triunguis

Box turtles are typically rather shy animals which do not 'tame' easily. They are also very sensitive indeed to incorrect environments, and do particularly badly if kept in 'fishtank' type vivaria. They do much better when kept in well shaded, heavily planted  outdoor pens with a damp moss and leaf-litter substrate, and constant access to a shallow bathing pond. Major problems quickly develop if they are overheated or allowed to become too dry. Box turtles MUST have access to humid substrates and micro-climates in eye, nose and ear infections are to be avoided: in the wild, they spend a lot of time buried in damp earth, and even mud. If kept in a dry vivarium tank they will suffer severe, and possibly fatal, dehydration very rapidly indeed. If they must be maintained indoors, it is vital that they are sprayed and soaked on a daily basis. They do not like bright light, and hot basking lamps cause more problems with box turtles than they cure. a gentle, all-round background heat is preferable. Do remember that this is a temperate species, not a tropical species: box turtles need cooler days just as much as they need warm days. Their favorite weather is warm and overcast - just before a storm. In fact, peak activity is often observed during, or just after a heavy summer rainfall. Unfortunately, thousands of box turtles are still collected annually to supply the demands of the pet trade. Most of these turtles - which live for decades in the wild - will die within 12 months of capture. The Tortoise Trust is strongly opposed to the box turtle trade, which is unsustainable and involves very substantial cruelty. Rescued turtles are often in a bad way, with ear abscesses and eye infections commonplace. Parasitic diseases are also routine in wild-caught box turtles. The Tortoise Trust has a free video on the Rescue and Rehabilitation of American Box Turtles (available to registered wildlife rehabilitators) and we also have several useful articles in our on-line file library.

  • From  North America
  • Can hibernate if healthy under appropriate conditions
  • Omnivorous, with moderate live food requirement
  • Extremely sensitive to incorrect environments
  • Requires high humidity substrate for burrowing
  • Not suitable for vivarium tanks
  • Regular soaking or constant access to water recommended

Following modified from Bowling Green State University
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http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/biology/facilities/herp/caresheetpages/boxturtcare.html ---> https://www.bgsu.edu/departments/biology/facilities/herp/caresheetpages/boxturtcare.html
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://www.bgsu.edu/departments/biology/facilities/herp/caresheetpages/boxturtcare.html

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 11
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Terrapene carolina triunguis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Terrapene carolina triunguis
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0704 0026 0003 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina triunguis
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0804 0007 0094 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina triunguis
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0804 0008 0024 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina triunguis
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0012 0089 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina TRIUNGUIS
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0018 0012 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina TRIUNGUIS
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0018 0013 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina TRIUNGUIS
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0018 0014 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina TRIUNGUIS
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0018 0015 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina triunguis
Terrapene carolina triunguis
Three-toed Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0824 [detail]
© 2007 Brad Moon

Terrapene carolina triunguis
Terrapene carolina triunguis
Three-toed Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0707 1254 [detail]
© 2007 John White

Terrapene carolina triunguis
Terrapene carolina triunguis
Three-toed Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0707 1255 [detail]
© 2007 John White

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 37
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Terrapene carolina carolina%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0469 [detail]
© 2001 John White

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle (juvenile)
ID: 0000 0000 1200 0136 [detail]
© 2000 John White

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0091 3183 0918 0039 [detail]
John H. Tashjian
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle - Skeleton
ID: 0000 0000 0203 0577 [detail]
© 2003 John White

Terrapene carolina carolina
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0804 0003 0013 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina CAROLINA
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0018 0016 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina CAROLINA
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0018 0017 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina CAROLINA
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0018 0018 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina CAROLINA
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0024 0038 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 1004 0309 [detail]
© 2004 Jeremiah Easter

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 1004 0336 [detail]
© 2004 Jeremiah Easter

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0605 1087 [detail]
© 2005 John White

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0506 0992 [detail]
© 2006 Nathan Nazdrowicz

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 1111 1111 1111 4968 [detail]
© 2006 James H. Harding

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 1007 1458 [detail]
© 2007 Lisa Powers

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 1007 1459 [detail]
© 2007 Lisa Powers

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 1007 1460 [detail]
© 2007 Lisa Powers

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0708 1253 [detail]
© 2008 Sam Bacchini

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle (albino )
ID: 0000 0000 0808 2002 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle (albino )
ID: 0000 0000 0808 2003 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle (albino )
ID: 0000 0000 0808 2004 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
ID: 0000 0000 1208 0743 [detail]
© 2008 Edgar A. Wefer

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Albino Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0609 2265 [detail]
© 2009 John White

Terrapene carolina carolina
Terrapene carolina carolina
Albino Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0609 2266 [detail]
© 2009 John White

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Terrapene carolina ssp. bauri%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Terrapene carolina ssp. bauri
Terrapene carolina ssp. bauri
Florida Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0983 [detail]
© 2007 Dave Mangham/www.wildlifephotos.org.uk

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 92
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Terrapene carolina%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0901 0380 [detail]
© 2006 William Flaxington

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0704 0346 [detail]
© 2004 John Orr

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 1004 0629 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 1004 0630 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 1105 1485 [detail]
© 2005 John White

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0059 [detail]
© 2007 Alessandro Catenazzi

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0507 1619 [detail]
© 2007 Twan Leenders

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0507 1842 [detail]
© 2007 Twan Leenders

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0507 1843 [detail]
© 2007 Twan Leenders

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0608 0044 [detail]
© 2008 Twan Leenders

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
Eastern Box Turtle
ID: 0000 0000 0809 0410 [detail]
© 2009 John White

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 1109 1642 [detail]
© 2009 Jason Gibson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 1109 1643 [detail]
© 2009 Jason Gibson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0963 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0964 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0965 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0966 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0967 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0968 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0969 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0970 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0971 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0972 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Terrapene carolina
Terrapene carolina
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0973 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2017-09-25 13:36:00 gmt
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