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Thlaspi arvense L.
FIELD PENNYCRESS
Field Penny-cress

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Thlaspi

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Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense

Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense

Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense

Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense

Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense

Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Thlaspi arvense

Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Thlaspi arvense

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (3)
Andrenidae  Andrena hippotes @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena piperi @ BBSL (4)

Andrena prunorum @ BBSL (2)

Andrena scurra @ BBSL (3)
Aphididae  Lipaphis erysimi @ AMNH_PBI (9); NCSU_ENT (2)

Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Apidae  Bombus fervidus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Halictidae  Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum inconditum @ RMBL_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora thlaspiae @ BPI (3)

Septoria thlaspii @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (10)

Peronospora thlaspeos-arvensis @ BPI (7)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia subnitens @ BPI (2)

Puccinia thlaspeos @ BPI (1)
Syrphidae  Sphaerophoria @ PN- (1)
_  Anthomyiidae @ PN- (2)

Calliphoridae @ PN- (1)

Diptera @ PN- (2)

Drosophilidae @ PN- (2)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Thlaspi arvense L. Field Penny-cress
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Non-native
Thlaspi arvense
Downtown Wilmington
June 2002

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Thlaspi arvense L.

Thlaspi arvense plant

Family - Brassicaceae

Stems - To .75m tall, glabrous, herbaceous, erect, branching above near inflorescence, ribbed, somewhat purplish near base, single or numerous from roots. Roots thickened.

Thlaspi arvense stem

Leaves - Basal leaves in rosette, spatulate, oblong, or narrowly obovate, glabrous, very shallowly toothed or lobed, to +8cm long, 2cm broad, soon wilting. Petiole winged. Cauline leaves alternate, clasping, lanceolate to lanceolate-oblong, glabrous, +/- 6cm long, 2cm broad, coarsely toothed or lobed, auricles pointed.

Inflorescence - Compact terminal racemes, elongating in fruit to +30cm tall(long).

Thlaspi arvense inflorescence

Flowers - Petals 4, white, clawed, to 4mm long, 1.5mm broad, glabrous. Stamens 6, divided into 2 sets of 3 on either side of flattened ovary, included to equaling corolla. Stigma sessile. Sepals 4, free, spreading to erect in flower, with whitish-yellow margins, 2mm long, +1mm broad, ovate, typically glabrous. Pedicels to 1cm long in flower, greatly increased in fruit. Silicles, to +15mm long and wide, with small notch at apex, on pedicels to +2cm long, glabrous, with numerous seeds.

Thlaspi arvense flowers

Thlaspi arvense flowers Flowers close-up.

Thlaspi arvense calyx Calyx close-up.

Thlaspi arvense fruits Fruits.

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Waste ground, disturbed sites, roadsides, railroads, pastures.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This is one of the most easily recognized members of the Brassicaceae because of its large and plentiful fruits which have the characteristic "cabbage" flavor when chewed. Like most of the other introduced members of this family, it is abundant.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, 5-11-00, and at Danville Conservation Area, Danville, MO., 4-1-04 and 5-3-04.


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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=THAR5 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=THAR5
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Thlaspi arvense L.
field pennycress

Image of Thlaspi arvense

General Information
Symbol: THAR5
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
GL   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Thlaspi thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, NV. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 168. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Thlaspi L. – pennycress
Species Thlaspi arvense L. – field pennycress

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Thlaspi arvense Frenchweed fanweed field pennycress pennycress stinkweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West UPL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont UPL
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast UPL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (THAR5)
CalPhotos (THAR5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (THAR5)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (THAR5)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (THAR5)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (THAR5)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (THAR5)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (THAR5)
Related Websites
British Columbia Ag. & Food, Crop Protection Program (THAR5)
Canada-Manitoba Weeds (THAR5)
Weed Science Society of America (THAR5)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 746 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Thlaspi

1. Thlaspi arvense Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 646. 1753.

Fanweed, field pennycress, stinkweed

Teruncius arvensis (Linnaeus) Lunell

Plants (sometimes glaucous), glabrous throughout. Stems (0.9-)1.5-5.5(-8) dm. Basal leaves not rosulate; petiole 0.5-3 cm; blade oblanceolate, spatulate, or obovate, 1-5 cm × 4-23 mm, base attenuate or cuneate, margins entire, repand, or coarsely dentate, apex rounded. Cauline leaves: blade oblong, (0.5-)1.5-4 (-8) cm × (2-)5-15(-25) mm, apex rounded, obtuse, or subacute. Fruiting pedicels straight or slightly upcurved, (5-)9-13(-15) mm. Flowers: sepals (1.5-) 2-3(-3.3) × 1-1.5 mm; petals (2.4-)3-4.5(-5) × (0.8-) 1.1-1.7 mm, narrowed to clawlike base (ca. 1 mm), apex obtuse or emarginate; filaments (1-)1.5-2.2 mm; anthers 0.3-0.5 mm. Fruits obovate or suborbicular, (0.6-)0.9-2 cm × (5-)7-20 mm, base obtuse or rounded, apex deeply emarginate, notch ca. 5 mm deep; wings broad throughout, 1-1.5 mm wide basally, 3.5-5 mm wide apically; ovules 6-16 per ovary; style 0.1-0.3 mm. Seeds (1.2-)1.6-2(-2.3) × 1.1-1.3 mm, concentrically striate. 2 n = 14.

Flowering Mar-Aug. Roadsides, fields, waste places, lawns, gardens, railroad tracks, stream banks, bluffs, thickets, slopes, floodplains, woods; 0-2000 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia.

Thlaspi arvense is a cosmopolitan weed of Eurasian origin. Cattle feeding on it develop tainted milk.

SELECTED REFERENCE Best, K. F. and G. K. McIntyre. 1975. The biology of Canadian weeds. 9. Thlaspi arvense L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 55: 279-292.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Thlaspi+arvense&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Thlaspi+arvense&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 25
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Thlaspi arvense%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Cow Cress
ID: 6105 1651 0942 0030 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Fan-weed
ID: 0175 3301 2364 0076 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Fan-weed
ID: 6249 3022 3948 0059 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Fan-weed
ID: 6249 3022 3948 0058 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Frenchweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2502 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Frenchweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2503 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Frenchweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2504 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Frenchweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2505 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1833 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1834 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1835 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1836 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Fan-weed
ID: 0000 0000 1207 0945 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Fan-weed
ID: 0000 0000 1207 0946 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Field Pennycress
ID: 0000 0000 1010 1196 [detail]
© 2010 Barry Breckling

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Pennycress
ID: 0000 0000 0912 1425 [detail]
© 2012 Jean Pawek

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Pennycress
ID: 0000 0000 0912 1426 [detail]
© 2012 Jean Pawek

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Pennycress
ID: 0000 0000 0912 1427 [detail]
© 2012 Jean Pawek

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Wild Candytuft
ID: 0000 0000 1012 0165 [detail]
© 2012 Jean Pawek

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
ID: 0000 0000 0915 2839 [detail]
© 2015 Zoya Akulova

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
ID: 0000 0000 0915 2840 [detail]
© 2015 Zoya Akulova

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Fanweed
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2764 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Fanweed
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2765 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi arvense
Fanweed
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2766 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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