D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Torpedinidae

Torpedo peruana
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Torpedo peruana

Click on map for details about points.

80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Torpedo peruana
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Torpedo peruana
Torpedo peruana
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Torpedo peruana

© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0

Main identification features
  • disc: round, soft, thick edges
  • 1st dorsal fin greater than 2nd dorsal fin
  • tail fin triangular
  • electric organ beside eye
  • mouth not tubular


Disc circular; snout very short; eyes and spiracles very small; mouth moderate sized, with longitudinal grooves at sides, without cartilaginous lips; pectorals very thick at edges; tail thick, blending into trunk, shorter than disc; two dorsal fins, first larger; tail fin large, triangular; skin smooth and spineless; two large, kidney shaped electric organs on sides of head.

This is a warm temperate genus, occurs throughout the tropical and warm temperate parts of the world, except for central Pacific. It has about 19 species. Five endemic species occur in the eastern Pacific, with one in the southern part of our region.

  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Chirichigno, N., 1963., Nuevas especies de "Rayas" para la fauna del Perú., Servicio de Pesqueria Perú, Servicio de Divulgación Cientica, 20:1-13.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1999., Checklist of living elasmobranchs. In Hamlett W.C. (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes., The John Hopkins University Press:471-498.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Parin , and Kotlyar,., 1985., Electric rays of genus Torpedo in the open waters of the southeastern Pacific Ocean., Journal Ichthyology (English translation of Voprosy Ikhtiologie), 25:1-12.
  • Smith-Vaniz, W. F., 1997., Five new species of jawfishes (Opistognathus: Opistognathidae) from the Western Atlantic Ocean., Bull. Mar. Sci., 60:1074-1128.


I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.

Supported by
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Updated: 2018-08-21 04:26:01 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation