D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Trillium decumbens Harbison
TRAILING WAKEROBIN
Trailing Trillium

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Trillium

Trillium decumbens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium decumbens

Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guide

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Trillium decumbens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium decumbens
Trillium decumbens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium decumbens

Trillium decumbens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium decumbens
Trillium decumbens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium decumbens

Trillium decumbens, Trailing wakerobin
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Trillium decumbens, Trailing wakerobin
Trillium decumbens, Trailing wakerobin
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Trillium decumbens, Trailing wakerobin

Trillium decumbens, Trailing wakerobin
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Trillium decumbens, Trailing wakerobin
Trillium decumbens, Trailing wakerobin
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Trillium decumbens, Trailing wakerobin
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRDE3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRDE3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRDE3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRDE3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRDE3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRDE3
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home  about PLANTS  PLANTS Team  Partners of PLANTS  What  National Plant Data Team Web Site  Help using PLANTS  Contact PLANTS
 
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

 State Search
 Advanced Search
 Search Help
PLANTS Topics
 
 Alternative Crops
 Characteristics
 Classification
 Cover Crops
 Culturally Significant
 Distribution Update
 Documentation
 Fact Sheets & Plant Guides
 Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants
 Threatened & Endangered
 Wetland Indicator Status
 
PLANTS Image Gallery
 
 50,000+ Plant Images
 
Download PLANTS data
 
 Complete PLANTS Checklist
 State PLANTS Checklist
 Advanced Search Download
 Symbols for Unknown Plants
 NRCS State GSAT Lists
 NRCS State Plants Lists
 
Related tools
 
 Crop Nutrient Tool
 Ecological Site Information System
 PLANTS Identification Keys
 Plant Materials Web Site
 Plant Materials Publications
 USDA Plant Hardiness Map
 
 
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Trillium decumbens Harbison
trailing wakerobin

Image of Trillium decumbens

General Information
Symbol: TRDE3
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Trillium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, GA, Atlanta. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, GA, Atlanta. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Trillium L. – trillium
Species Trillium decumbens Harbison – trailing wakerobin

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Tennessee trailing trillium Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Flora of North America (TRDE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRDE3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (TRDE3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 26 Page 91, 94, 109 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Trillium

21. Trillium decumbens Harbison, Biltmore Bot. Stud. 1: 158. 1902.

Decumbent trillium

Rhizomes short, thick. Scapes 1—2, decumbent, usually by an S-shaped curvature, round in cross section, 0.5—2 dm, somewhat stout, slightly expanded toward bracts, densely puberulent, especially just below bracts and on bases of main bract veins beneath. Bracts appearing early in season, in good condition for only a few weeks after anthesis, dying back to semipersistent bases early, resting on ground surface, sessile; blade strongly mottled in shades of green and bronze and with silvery overlay, mottling becoming obscure with age, ovate to suborbicular, 4—12 × 3.3—7 cm, apex acute to rounded. Flower erect, odor unreported; sepals divergent, green- or maroon-streaked, lanceolate-ovate, 22—48 × 9—14 mm, margins entire, flat, apex acute; petals long-lasting, rigidly erect, ± connivent, ± concealing stamens and ovary, dark maroon-purple when fresh, fading especially distally to dull reddish brown, greenish brown, or with creamy yellow tones, very rarely pale lemon yellow forms occur, twisted (but not spiraled), linear-lanceolate or oblanceolate, 4—8+ × 0.7—1 cm, thick-textured, margins entire, apex acute; stamens erect, straight, dark purple, 10—25 mm; filaments dark purple, 2—5 mm; anthers straight, dark purple, 9—20 mm, dehiscence extrorse; connectives broad, extending to 3.5—4 mm beyond anther sacs; ovary dark purple, oval, 6-angled, 5—10 mm; stigmas erect, divergent-recurved, distinct, sessile, pink or white, subulate, 4.5—8 mm. Fruits baccate, dark purple, broadly ovoid to subglobose, crownlike, strongly ridged, 1—1.5 × 1 cm, pulpy but not juicy, present and enlarging on naked scapes until early autumn. 2n = 10.

Flowering late winter--spring (mid Mar--Apr). Thin, open rocky wooded slopes, mature deciduous woodlands, rocky talus and disintegrating shale, flats (floodplains) of small streams and adjacent slopes near river entrance; 50--200 m; Ala., Ga., Tenn.

Trillium decumbens occurs in the Ridge and Valley and Cumberland Plateau physiographic provinces. It has a large, deep, horizontal rhizome, the growing point of which always faces downslope.

Updated: 2018-08-16 14:44:29 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation