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Trillium flexipes Raf.
NODDING WAKEROBIN
Drooping Trillium

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Trillium

Trillium flexipes
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 6
Trillium flexipes

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Trillium flexipes
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium flexipes

Trillium flexipes
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium flexipes

Trillium flexipes
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium flexipes

Trillium flexipes
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trillium flexipes

Trillium flexipes, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trillium flexipes, whole plant - in flower - general view
Trillium flexipes, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trillium flexipes, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Trillium flexipes, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trillium flexipes, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Trillium flexipes, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trillium flexipes, leaf - on upper stem

Trillium flexipes, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trillium flexipes, stem - showing leaf bases
Trillium flexipes, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trillium flexipes, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces halstedii @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Trillium flexipes Raf.

White Trillium, White Wake Robin, Drooping Trillium

Trillium flexipes plant

Family - Liliaceae

Stems - No info yet.

Leaves - No info yet.

Inflorescence - No info yet.

Flowers - No info yet.

Trillium flexipes calyx

Trillium flexipes flower

Trillium flexipes flower close Close-up of pistil and stamens.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Mesic bottomland forests, mesic upland forests along streams, bottoms, ravines.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This attractive species can be found in a handful of eastern Missouri counties. The plant is easy to identify becasue of its big, rhombic leaves and nodding white flowers. This is the largest species of Trillium in Missouri.
In good habitat the plant can be found in large colonies. It does not transplant well and should be left alone in the wild.

Photographs taken at Earthquake Hollow Conservation Area, Callaway County, MO., 4-22-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRFL6 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRFL6
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRFL6 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRFL6
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRFL6 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRFL6
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Trillium flexipes Raf.
nodding wakerobin

Image of Trillium flexipes

General Information
Symbol: TRFL6
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Trillium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 525. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
TRDE6 Trillium declinatum auct. non (A. Gray) Gleason
TRERB2 Trillium erectum L. var. blandum Jennison
TRERD Trillium erectum L. var. declinatum auct. non A. Gray
TRGL6 Trillium gleasonii auct. non Fernald

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Trillium L. – trillium
Species Trillium flexipes Raf. – nodding wakerobin

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maryland drooping trillium Endangered
New York nodding trillium Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Flora of North America (TRFL6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRDE6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRERB2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRERD)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRFL6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRGL6)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (TRFL6)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (TRFL6)
Native Plants Network (TRFL6)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (TRFL6)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (TRFL6)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 93, 99 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Trillium

4. Trillium flexipes Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 133. 1840.

Bent trillium, declined trillium

Trillium declinatum Gleason; T. gleasonii Fernald

Rhizomes somewhat erect, thick, praemorse. Scapes 1—several from single rhizome, round in cross section, 2—5 dm, glabrous. Bracts sessile; blade medium green without red or maroon undertones, rhombic, 7—25 × 7—25 cm, frequently wider than long, base attenuate from just above middle, apex acuminate. Flower flexed ca. 90° on summit of pedicel to face outward rather than upward, or variously carried on strongly declined pedicels; sepals weakly recurved, green, lanceolate, 14—45 mm, shorter than or barely equaling petals, margins entire, apex acuminate; petals flat or recurved in distal 1/2, creamy white, not 2-colored, veins conspicuously engraved, ovate-lanceolate to broadly ovate, 2—5 × 1—4 cm, texture heavy, margins entire, apex acute; stamens large, ± erect, 9—23 mm; filaments white, less than 1/2 anther length, thin; anthers straight or very slightly recurving, creamy white or yellow, 5—18 mm, thick, dehiscence ± introrse; ovary white, ovoid to flask-shaped, strongly 6-angled, 5—16 × 4—12 mm, widely attached basally; stigmas recurved, distinct but closely grouped, white, not lobed adaxially, linear-subulate, short, thick, 4—13 mm, ± equaling ovary, fleshy; pedicel stiffly erect, carried horizontally, or declined beneath bracts, rarely recurved, 4—12 cm. Fruits baccate, rosy red to purplish, fragrant of ripe fruit, ovoid to somewhat pyramidal at summit, strongly angled, 2—3.5 × 1—3 cm, very juicy at maturity. 2n = 10.

Flowering spring (Apr--early Jun). Rich wooded slopes, floodplains in deciduous forests, especially over limestone; 100--600 m; Ont.; Ala., Del., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., S.Dak., Tenn., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Although there are no named varieties of Trillium flexipes, many forms exist and at least one has been named, forma walpolei (Farwell) Fernald. F. W. Case and G. L. Burrows (1962) mapped the occurrence of forma walpolei for Michigan and found it to occur only along the contact zone between T. flexipes and T. erectum. F. W. Case and R. B. Case (1993) crossed typical T. erectum and T. flexipes to produce identical color variations as occur in these wild, mixed-species populations. I consider this form to be a hybrid expression. Some of the hybrids have petals colored proximally and white distally, superficially resembling T. undulatum. Dried specimens, when hastily examined, resemble T. undulatum 28. superficially and probably account for reports of that species from locations near Ann Arbor, Michigan, and various places in Indiana and Illinois, all of which are well out of the range of T. undulatum.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Trillium+flexipes+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Trillium+flexipes+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 9
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Trillium flexipes%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
Bent Trillium
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5169 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
Bent Trillium
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5170 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
Bent Trillium
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5171 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
Bent Trillium
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5172 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
Bent Trillium
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5173 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
Bent Trillium
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5174 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
Bent Trillium
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5175 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
Bent Trillium
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5176 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Trillium flexipes
Trillium flexipes
Bent Trillium
ID: 0000 1111 1234 5177 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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