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Valerianella radiata (L. ) Dufr.
BEAKED CORNSALAD
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Valerianaceae   Valerianella

Valerianella radiata, Corn Salad
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Valerianella radiata, Corn Salad

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Valerianella radiata, Corn Salad
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Valerianella radiata, Corn Salad
Valerianella radiata, Corn Salad
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Valerianella radiata, Corn Salad

Valerianella radiata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Valerianella radiata
Valerianella radiata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Valerianella radiata

Valerianella radiata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Valerianella radiata
Valerianella radiata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Valerianella radiata

Valerianella radiata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Valerianella radiata
Valerianella radiata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Valerianella radiata

Valerianella radiata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Valerianella radiata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Valerianella radiata, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Valerianella radiata, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Valerianella radiata, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Valerianella radiata, stem - showing leaf bases
Valerianella radiata, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Valerianella radiata, leaf - on upper stem

Valerianella radiata, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Valerianella radiata, whole plant - in flower - general view
Valerianella radiata, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Valerianella radiata, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Cicadellidae  Stirellus bicolor @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Lygaeidae  Malezonotus rufipes @ MEMU_ENT (4)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria valerianellae @ BPI (2)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora valerianellae @ BPI (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium perforatum @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr.

Valerianella radiata plant

Family - Valerianaceae

Stems - To +50cm tall (typically shorter), herbaceous, angled (the angles minutely winged), hollow, with retrorse pubescence on wing margins, dichotomously branching, erect to ascending.

Leaves - Opposite, sessile. Lowest leaves spatulate, to +/-15cm long. Upper leaves reduced, becoming lanceolate-ovate, coarsely toothed below the middle, clasping. All leaves ciliate-margined (short), glabrous above, with pubescence on midrib below.

Valerianella radiata leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal dychasia, subtended by small lanceolate-ovate to lance-linear bracts. Flowers sessile. Bracts ciliate-margined.

Valerianella radiata inflorescence Inflorescence.

Flowers - Corolla white, funnelform, 5-lobed. Corolla tube to 1.1mm long. Lobes rounded. Stamens typically 3, opposite corolla lobes, exserted, white. Style white, glabrous, exserted, 3-lobed. Ovary inferior, 3-locular, glabrous in flower. Capsule pubescent, to +/-2mm long. Locules (cells) of capsule asymetrical in cross section. The fertile cell broad and compressed. The sterile cells round and together equaling the width of the fertile cell.

Valerianella radiata flowers Flowers.

Valerianella radiata graphic My somewhat lame attempt at a graphic of the capsule in cross section showing the fertile and sterile cell orientation and relative shape.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Prairies, pastures, wet meadows, valleys, creek beds, glades, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is a very common plant throughout most of Missouri except the extreme northern portion of the state.
I made the computer graphic of the fruit in cross section because this is a key characteristic used in identifying different species of Valerianella .
Steyermark lists three varieties of this species in Missouri all based on fruit cell size. I won't go into those here.
The plant is also variable in its size, leaf size and shape, and amount of pubescence.

Photographs taken in the Hercules Glade Wilderness, Mark Twain National Forest, Taney County, MO., 4-28-00.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VARA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VARA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VARA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VARA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VARA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VARA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr.
beaked cornsalad

Image of Valerianella radiata

General Information
Symbol: VARA
Group: Dicot
Family: Valerianaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Valerianella thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, TX, Lewisville. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 287. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 288. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
VARAF Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr. var. fernaldii Dyal
VARAM Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr. var. missouriensis Dyal
VASTP2 Valerianella stenocarpa (Engelm. ex A. Gray) Krok var. parviflora Dyal
VAWO Valerianella woodsiana (Torr. & A. Gray) Walp.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Dipsacales
Family Valerianaceae – Valerian family
Genus Valerianella Mill. – cornsalad
Species Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr. – beaked cornsalad

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Connecticut Valerianella radiata var. fernaldii
beaked corn-salad Special Concern
New Jersey beaked cornsalad Endangered
U.S. Weed Information
Valerianella radiata beaked cornsalad This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VARA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VARAF)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VARAM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VASTP2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VAWO)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (VARA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (VARA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (VARA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Valerianella+radiata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Valerianella+radiata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Valerianella radiata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Valerianella radiata
Valerianella radiata
ID: 0000 0000 0817 3154 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Valerianella radiata
Valerianella radiata
ID: 0000 0000 0817 3155 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Valerianella radiata
Valerianella radiata
ID: 0000 0000 0817 3157 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Valerianella radiata
Valerianella radiata
ID: 0000 0000 0817 3158 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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Updated: 2018-08-18 11:23:59 gmt
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