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Verbena
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Verbenaceae

Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain

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Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain
Verbena simplex, Narrow-leaved Verbena
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Verbena simplex, Narrow-leaved Verbena

Verbena urticifolia, White Vervain
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Verbena urticifolia, White Vervain
Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain

Verbena simplex, Narrow-leaved Verbena
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Verbena simplex, Narrow-leaved Verbena
Verbena urticifolia, White Vervain
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Verbena urticifolia, White Vervain

Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain
Verbena simplex, Narrow-leaved Verbena
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Verbena simplex, Narrow-leaved Verbena

Verbena simplex, Narrow-leaved Verbena
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Verbena simplex, Narrow-leaved Verbena
Verbena hastata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Verbena hastata

Verbena hastata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Verbena hastata
Verbena brasiliensis
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Verbena brasiliensis

Verbena brasiliensis
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Verbena brasiliensis
Verbena brasiliensis
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Verbena brasiliensis
Kinds

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Calliopsis nebraskensis @ AMNH_BEE (13)
Aphelinidae  Eretmocerus emiratus @ UCRC_ENTA (16)

Eretmocerus hayati @ UCRC_ENTA (7)

Eretmocerus mundus @ UCRC_ENTA (7)

Eretmocerus @ UCRC_ENTA (2)
Apidae  Bombus californicus @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Paratetrapedia albilabris @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Paratetrapedia lugubris @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Coccinellidae  Hippodamia convergens @ I_LB (1)
Lygaeidae  Nysius delectus @ BPBM_TCN (2)
Megachilidae  Megachile dakotensis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VERBE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VERBE
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VERBE ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VERBE
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VERBE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VERBE
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Verbena L.
vervain

Image of Verbena

General Information
Symbol: VERBE
Group: Dicot
Family: Verbenaceae
Duration:  
Growth Habit :  
Native Status : CAN   I,N
HI   I
L48   I,N
PB   I
PR   I,N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Verbena thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, CA, Barstow. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, NC, Raleigh, North Carolina State University Garden. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Verbenaceae – Verbena family
Genus Verbena L. – vervain

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 46 species of Verbena . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Verbena abramsii</i>
Moldenke
Verbena abramsii
San Bernardino vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×allenii</i>
Moldenke [<i>
officinalis × xutha</i>
]
Verbena ×allenii [ officinalis × xutha ]
Allen verbena Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×bingenensis</i>
Moldenke [<i>
bracteata × lasiostachys</i>
]
Verbena ×bingenensis [ bracteata × lasiostachys ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×blanchardii</i>
Moldenke [<i>
hastata × simplex</i>
]
Verbena ×blanchardii [ hastata × simplex ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena bonariensis</i>
L.
Verbena bonariensis
purpletop vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena bracteata</i>
Cav. ex Lag. & Rodr.
Verbena bracteata
bigbract verbena Distribution of <i>
Verbena brasiliensis</i>
Vell.
Verbena brasiliensis
Brazilian vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena californica</i>
Moldenke
Verbena californica
Red Hills vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena canescens</i>
Kunth
Verbena canescens
gray vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena carolina</i>
L.
Verbena carolina
Carolina vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×clemensiorum</i>
Moldenke [<i>
lasiostachys × officinalis</i>
]
Verbena ×clemensiorum [ lasiostachys × officinalis ]
Amador County vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena cloverae</i>
Moldenke
Verbena cloverae
Clover's vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×crookshanksii</i>
Moldenke [<i>
bracteata × hastata</i>
]
Verbena ×crookshanksii [ bracteata × hastata ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×deamii</i>
Moldenke (pro sp.) [<i>
bracteata × stricta</i>
]
Verbena ×deamii [ bracteata × stricta ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ehrenbergiana</i>
Schauer
Verbena ehrenbergiana
Ehrenberg's vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×engelmannii</i>
Moldenke [<i>
hastata × urticifolia</i>
]
Verbena ×engelmannii [ hastata × urticifolia ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×goodmanii</i>
Moldenke [<i>
halei × stricta</i>
]
Verbena ×goodmanii [ halei × stricta ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena gracilis</i>
Desf.
Verbena gracilis
Fort Huachuca vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena halei</i>
Small
Verbena halei
Texas vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena hastata</i>
L.
Verbena hastata
swamp verbena Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×illicita</i>
Moldenke [<i>
stricta × urticifolia</i>
]
Verbena ×illicita [ stricta × urticifolia ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena incompta</i>
P.W. Michael
Verbena incompta
purpletop vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena lasiostachys</i>
Link
Verbena lasiostachys
western vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena litoralis</i>
Kunth
Verbena litoralis
seashore vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena macdougalii</i>
A. Heller
Verbena macdougalii
MacDougal verbena Distribution of <i>
Verbena menthifolia</i>
Benth.
Verbena menthifolia
mint vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×moechina</i>
Moldenke [<i>
simplex × stricta</i>
]
Verbena ×moechina [ simplex × stricta ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena montevidensis</i>
Spreng.
Verbena montevidensis
Uruguayan vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena neomexicana</i>
(A. Gray) Small
Verbena neomexicana
hillside vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena officinalis</i>
L.
Verbena officinalis
herb of the cross Distribution of <i>
Verbena perennis</i>
Wooton
Verbena perennis
pinleaf vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×perriana</i>
Moldenke [<i>
bracteata × urticifolia</i>
]
Verbena ×perriana [ bracteata × urticifolia ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena pinetorum</i>
Moldenke
Verbena pinetorum
Chihuahuan vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena plicata</i>
Greene
Verbena plicata
fanleaf vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena polystachya</i>
Kunth
Verbena polystachya
verbena Distribution of <i>
Verbena rigida</i>
Spreng.
Verbena rigida
tuberous vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena riparia</i>
Raf. ex Small & A. Heller
Verbena riparia
riverbank vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena runyonii</i>
Moldenke
Verbena runyonii
Rio Grande vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×rydbergii</i>
Moldenke [<i>
hastata × stricta</i>
]
Verbena ×rydbergii [ hastata × stricta ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena scabra</i>
Vahl
Verbena scabra
sandpaper vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena simplex</i>
Lehm.
Verbena simplex
narrowleaf vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena stricta</i>
Vent.
Verbena stricta
hoary verbena Distribution of <i>
Verbena ×stuprosa</i>
Moldenke [<i>
simplex × urticifolia</i>
]
Verbena ×stuprosa [ simplex × urticifolia ]
vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena supina</i>
L.
Verbena supina
supine vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena urticifolia</i>
L.
Verbena urticifolia
white vervain Distribution of <i>
Verbena xutha</i>
Lehm.
Verbena xutha
Gulf vervain Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
CalPhotos (VERBE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VERBE)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (VERBE)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Verbena+sp.&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Verbena+sp.&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 16
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Verbena sp.%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0041 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 6249 3022 3911 0063 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0042 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 8120 3181 4901 0051 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 6249 3022 3911 0064 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 1335 3153 0669 0011 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 6249 3022 3911 0062 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
Hybrid Verbena, Vervain
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0390 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
Hybrid Verbena, Vervain
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0391 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
Hybrid Verbena, Vervain
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0392 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
Hybrid Verbena, Vervain
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0393 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
Blue Vervain
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0511 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 0000 0000 0107 2041 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 0000 0000 0107 2042 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 0000 0000 0107 2043 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Verbena sp.
Verbena sp.
ID: 0000 0000 0107 2044 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

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Updated: 2018-06-23 03:11:24 gmt
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