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Viola pedata L.
BIRDFOOT VIOLET
Birdsfoot violet

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Violaceae   Viola

Viola pedata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Viola pedata

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Viola pedata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Viola pedata
Viola pedata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Viola pedata

Viola pedata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Viola pedata
Viola pedata, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 5
Viola pedata, pollen

Viola pedata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Viola pedata
Viola pedata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Viola pedata

Viola pedata, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Viola pedata, whole plant - in flower - general view
Viola pedata, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Viola pedata, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Viola pedata, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Viola pedata, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Viola pedata, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Viola pedata, stem - showing leaf bases

Viola pedata, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Viola pedata, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Viola pedata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Viola pedata

Viola pedata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Viola pedata
Viola pedata, plant and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Viola pedata, plant and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia ellisiana @ BPI (2)

Puccinia violae @ BPI (2)

Uromyces andropogonis @ BPI (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium petersii @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Viola pedata L. Blue Bird's-foot Violet
Violaceae — Violet family
Rare native
Viola pedata
Franklin County, VA
May 2000

Guide to Viola of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Viola pedata L.

Bird's-Foot Violet, Pansy Violet

Viola pedata plant

Family - Violaceae

Stems - Acaulescent but with an erect caudex and fibrous roots.

Leaves - Basal. Outer leaves on shorter petioles(to 2.5cm long). Inner leaves with petioles to +5cm long. Petioles glabrous, with single adaxial groove. Stipules of lower leaves to +1cm long, attenuate, coarsely ciliate to fimbriate-margined. Stipules of inner leaves to +2cm long. Blade of outer leaves smaller, +/-2cm broad, +/-1.5cm long, typically palmately 3-lobed. Lobes oblanceolate to narrowly obovate. Inner leaf blades to +/-4cm broad, +/-2.5cm long, with the lobes again divided. Ultimate divisions linear to narrowly oblanceolate. All leaf blades glabrous, with strigillose margins.

Viola pedata plant

Inflorescence - Single pedunculate flowers from caudex. Peduncles to +10cm long, glabrous, often purplish, with pair of linear bracts at or below the middle. Bracts to 1.3cm long, -1mm broad.

Flowers - Corolla typically deep purple(rarely white or a mix of purple and white), +3.5cm long and broad. Lowest petal spurred, fading to white at base with purple venation. Lateral petals NOT bearded. All petals glabrous. Stamens 5, connivent to connate around ovary. The lowest 2 stamens with curved appendages at the base. appendages to 2.5mm long. Anther connective larger than in most other species of the genus. Anthers slightly exserted. Ovary glabrous, 2.1mm long, sub-cylindric, unilocular. Placentation parietal. Style glabrous, 2mm long, expanded and clavate. Sepals 5, attenuate, glabrous but with distinctly ciliate margins, to 1.1cm long, 2.5mm broad at base, auriculate. Auricles 1mm long, rounded. Uppermost sepal reflexed. Fruit glabrous, loosely 3-sided, -1cm long, with persistent style. Seeds many.

Viola pedata plant Typical flower color.

Viola pedata calyx Calyx and spurred petal.

Flowering - April - June and sometimes again in late fall.

Habitat - Rocky or dry open woods, slopes, ridges, prairies, glades, roadsides.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is a striking and easily identifiable species. The flowers are very large and the leaves are finely divided and are similar to a birds foot. The common name for the plant is "Bird's Foot Violet".
The flower color of this species is variable and several varieties and forms are recognizable.
V. pedata var. lineariloba form lineariloba has petals which are all deep purple and is shown above. Form alba (Thurb.) Britt. has pure white flowers and is rare in Missouri:

Viola pedata white flower

Variety pedata has upper petals which are dark violet and lower petals which are lavender:

Viola pedata bicolor flower

Viola pedata bicolor flower

The species is rather common in most of Missouri except the northwest corner of the state.

Photographs taken somewhere in North Carolina, 4-27-03, and in the Piney Creek Wilderness, Mark Twain National Forest, Barry County, MO., 4-9-01 and 4-5-04.


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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Viola pedata L.
birdfoot violet

Image of Viola pedata

General Information
Symbol: VIPE
Group: Dicot
Family: Violaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Viola thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Prince William Co., Haymarket. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Prince William Co., Haymarket. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Prince William Co., Haymarket. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 547. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
VIPEC Viola pedata L. var. concolor Holm ex Brainerd
VIPEL Viola pedata L. var. lineariloba DC.
VIPER Viola pedata L. var. ranunculifolia DC.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Violales
Family Violaceae – Violet family
Genus Viola L. – violet
Species Viola pedata L. – birdfoot violet

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New Hampshire Viola pedata var. lineariloba
bird's-foot violet Threatened
New York bird's-foot violet Exploitably Vulnerable
Ohio bird-foot violet Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains UPL
Midwest UPL
Northcentral & Northeast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (VIPE)
CalPhotos (VIPE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VIPE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VIPEC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VIPEL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VIPER)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (VIPE)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (VIPE)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (VIPE)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (VIPE)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (VIPE)
Related Websites
VA-Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide (VIPE)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Minor Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Viola+pedata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Viola+pedata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 22
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Viola pedata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird-foot Violet
ID: 0024 3291 1999 0041 [detail]
Frithjof Holmboe
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Birdfoot Violet
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0083 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Birdfoot Violet
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0082 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
ID: 0000 0000 0207 0317 [detail]
© 2007 Mike Ireland

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
ID: 0000 0000 0207 0316 [detail]
© 2007 Mike Ireland

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's Foot Violet
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0103 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2727 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2728 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2729 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2730 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2731 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2732 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2733 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2734 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2735 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2736 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2737 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2738 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2739 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Bird's-foot Violet
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2740 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Birdfoot Violet
ID: 0000 0000 0611 0552 [detail]
© 2011 Jeff Abbas

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Birdfoot Violet
ID: 0000 0000 0611 0554 [detail]
© 2011 Jeff Abbas

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