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Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus, 1758
FOX
Red Fox

Life   Vertebrata   Mammalia   Canidae   Vulpes

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Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Roger Barbour. All rights reserved. · 10
Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes, Red Fox
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Vulpes vulpes, Red Fox

Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Vulpes vulpes

Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Vulpes vulpes

Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 2
Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes, Red Fox
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Vulpes vulpes, Red Fox

Vulpes vulpes, Red Fox
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Vulpes vulpes, Red Fox
Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 1
Vulpes vulpes

Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 1
Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 1
Vulpes vulpes

Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 1
Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 1
Vulpes vulpes

Vulpes vulpes.dorsal.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Vulpes vulpes
dorsal
Vulpes vulpes.lateral.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Vulpes vulpes
lateral

Vulpes vulpes.ventral.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Vulpes vulpes
ventral
Vulpes vulpes_map.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Vulpes vulpes map

Vulpes vulpes_map.GSMNP.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Vulpes vulpes map
GSMNP
Overview

Habitat

Red foxes prefer broken, sparsely settled country. Ideal habitat is provided by farmland mixed with sparsely wooded areas, brushland, and streams.

Conservation Biology

  • Special Protection Status

    • Rangewide: None.

    • In Park: All plants and animals are protected within Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Collection requires a permit which is usually granted only for research or educational purposes.


Identification
  • Adult total length: 35 - 42 in. (900 - 1070 mm)

  • Tail: 14 - 16 in. (350 - 400 mm)

  • Hind foot: 4 3/4 - 7 1/4 in. (124 - 182 mm)

  • Weight: 6 - 15 lbs. (2.7 - 6.7 kg)

  • Physical Characteristics: The red fox is normally rusty-reddish to reddish- yellow on its dorsal surface with darker hairs often being intermixed down the middle of the back. The fronts of the legs and feet are black, and the underparts are whitish. The ears are large, pointed, and erect, and the muzzle is sharp and elongate. The long, bushy tail has a white tip.


Names
Scientific source:

Phylogeny
Taxonomic Category Scientific Name Common Name
Phylum Chordata Chordates
Class Mammalia Mammals
Order Carnivora Dogs, Cats, Bears, etc.
Family Canidae Wolves, Foxes

Geographic distribution
The range of the red fox extends from Alaska throughout all but the extreme north of Canada; south in the Cascade-Sierra Nevada chain to central California and in the Rocky Mountain chain to southern New Mexico; east of the plains, south to central Texas, southern Alabama, and western Florida.

  • Range Maps

    North America

  • Great Smoky Mountains National Park: The red fox has been observed at all elevations in the park.

    • Blount Co.: Spence Field (5,000 feet).

    • Cocke Co.: Cosby.

    • Sevier Co.: Park headquarters; Greenbrier Cove; near Metcalf Bottoms; Dudley Creek; Boulevard Trail; Indian Gap; Mt. LeConte.

    • Haywood Co.: Walnut Bottom; between Big Creek and Davenport Gap; Little Bald Knob; Spruce Mountain.

    • Swain Co.: Along Forney Creek Road; Straight Fork; between Bryson Place and the Tenn.-N.C. line; Becks Bald (4,600 feet).


Natural history
  • Reproduction
    Litters averaging four to seven pups are usually born in March or April. The den may consist of an enlarged woodchuck burrow or a natural cavity. Since red foxes are not good diggers, the den is often in loose soil on a wooded slope or in an open field. Pups reach their adult size in about six months and disperse in September and October.

  • Longevity
    Most wild foxes probably survive two to four years, although the record is 8 1/2 years ( Linzey, 1995a).

  • Terrestrial Ecology
    Although these foxes are primarily nocturnal, they may be abroad at any hour during all seasons. The senses of sight, smell, and hearing are well developed. Red foxes are masters at eluding human and animal enemies.

    Red foxes feed on a variety of animal and plant foods including cottontails, mice, insects, birds, turtles, snakes, carrion, and fruit. Stupka found grasshoppers (Schistocerca) in the stomachs of two foxes from Indian Gap and along The Boulevard Trail in December. On September 12, 1944, seven freshly killed short-tailed shrews were noted along 1 1/2 miles of the Appalachian Trail just prior to the obsevation of a red fox in that area by a group of hikers (Stupka).

  • Predators and Defense
    Young foxes are preyed upon by a variety of raptors and carnivores. Coyotes will kill adult red foxes. Otherwise, they have few enemies other than humans and their automobiles.

  • Parasites
    None recorded from the park.


Links to other sites

References

Acknowledgements
  • Text
  • Photographs
    • Roger Barbour

  • Map development
  • Web page design & coding
    • Denise Lim, University of Georgia, Athens
    • John Pickering, University of Georgia, Athens


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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Following modified from North American Mammals, Smithsonian Institution
   
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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vulpes vulpes necator%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vulpes vulpes necator
Vulpes vulpes necator
ID: 0000 3333 0531 4302 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 8
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vulpes vulpes patwin%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vulpes vulpes patwin
Vulpes vulpes patwin
ID: 0000 3333 0531 0634 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Vulpes vulpes patwin
Vulpes vulpes patwin
ID: 0000 3333 0531 0602 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Vulpes vulpes patwin
Vulpes vulpes patwin
ID: 0000 3333 0531 1254 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Vulpes vulpes patwin
Vulpes vulpes patwin
ID: 0000 3333 0531 2415 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Vulpes vulpes patwin
Vulpes vulpes patwin
ID: 0000 3333 0531 2633 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Vulpes vulpes patwin
Vulpes vulpes patwin
ID: 0000 3333 1721 1859 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Vulpes vulpes patwin
Vulpes vulpes patwin
ID: 0000 3333 1721 4377 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Vulpes vulpes patwin
Vulpes vulpes patwin
ID: 0000 3333 2431 2347 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 79
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vulpes vulpes%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vulpes vulpes
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0026 0021 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Vulpes vulpes
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0026 0022 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Vulpes vulpes
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0026 0023 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Vulpes vulpes
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0026 0024 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Vulpes vulpes
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0026 0025 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Vulpes vulpes
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0026 0026 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0410 1610 [detail]
© 2010 David Nixon

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 1211 0306 [detail]
© 2011 Behnam Ghorbani

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0814 0048 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2014 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0814 0049 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2014 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0814 0050 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2014 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0217 0081 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2017 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0217 0082 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2017 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0217 0083 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2017 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0217 0084 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2017 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0217 0085 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2017 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0217 0086 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2017 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0217 0087 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2017 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes abietorum
Vulpes vulpes abietorum
British Columbian Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0513 0674 [detail]
© 2013 Scott Trageser

Vulpes vulpes arabica
Vulpes vulpes arabica
Arabian Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1396 [detail]
© 2016 Kristian Bell

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0091 3183 0986 0010 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0091 3183 0987 0014 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0091 3183 0987 0016 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 8235 3181 2555 0056 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 46
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vulpes vulpes fulva%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0091 3183 0986 0010 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0091 3183 0987 0014 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0091 3183 0987 0016 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 8235 3181 2555 0056 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 8235 3181 2559 0090 [detail]
Dr. Lloyd Glenn Ingles
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0091 3183 0986 0011 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
Red Fox
ID: 0091 3183 0986 0009 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 8235 3181 2555 0061 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0202 0131 [detail]
© 2000 Don Getty

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 8235 3181 2555 0055 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1180 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1179 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1178 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1177 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0408 0965 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 1108 0071 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2008 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 1108 0072 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2008 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0310 2514 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0611 2265 [detail]
© 2011 Bill Stagnaro

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0611 2266 [detail]
© 2011 Bill Stagnaro

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 1351 3163 4284 0028 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2006 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 6666 6666 0310 0142 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2010 California Academy of Sciences

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0811 1431 [detail]
© 2011 Don Getty

Vulpes vulpes fulva
Vulpes vulpes fulva
American Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0811 1432 [detail]
© 2011 Don Getty

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vulpes vulpes kenaiensis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vulpes vulpes kenaiensis
Vulpes vulpes kenaiensis
ID: 0000 3333 1721 1890 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Vulpes vulpes kenaiensis
Vulpes vulpes kenaiensis
ID: 0000 3333 2431 2487 [detail]
© Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vulpes vulpes abietorum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vulpes vulpes abietorum
Vulpes vulpes abietorum
British Columbian Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0513 0674 [detail]
© 2013 Scott Trageser

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vulpes vulpes arabica%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vulpes vulpes arabica
Vulpes vulpes arabica
Arabian Red Fox
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1396 [detail]
© 2016 Kristian Bell

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2017-06-23 12:19:35 gmt
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