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Woodsia scopulina D. C. Eaton
PTERIDOPHYTA
Life   Plantae   Pteridophyta   Dryopteridaceae   Woodsia

Woodsia scopulina appalachiana, entire
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Woodsia scopulina appalachiana, entire

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Woodsia scopulina appalachiana, sporangia
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Woodsia scopulina appalachiana, sporangia
Woodsia scopulina laurentiana, entire
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Woodsia scopulina laurentiana, entire

Woodsia scopulina laurentiana, sporangia
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Woodsia scopulina laurentiana, sporangia
Woodsia scopulina scopulina, entire
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Woodsia scopulina scopulina, entire

Woodsia scopulina scopulina, sporangia
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Woodsia scopulina scopulina, sporangia

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Pucciniastraceae  Hyalopsora polypodii @ BPI (5)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=WOSC ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=WOSC
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=WOSC ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=WOSC
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=WOSC ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=WOSC
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Woodsia scopulina D.C. Eaton
Rocky Mountain woodsia

Image of Woodsia scopulina

General Information
Symbol: WOSC
Group: Fern
Family: Dryopteridaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Woodsia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Inyo Co., Rock Creek. July 22, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Lava Beds National Monument. June 18, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Lava Beds National Monument. June 18, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Lava Beds National Monument. June 18, 2006. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 13. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Division Pteridophyta – Ferns
Class Filicopsida
Order Polypodiales
Family Dryopteridaceae – Wood Fern family
Genus Woodsia R. Br. – cliff fern
Species Woodsia scopulina D.C. Eaton – Rocky Mountain woodsia

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Woodsia scopulina . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Woodsia scopulina</i>
D.C. Eaton ssp. <i>
laurentiana</i>
Windham
Woodsia scopulina ssp. laurentiana
Laurent's cliff fern Distribution of <i>
Woodsia scopulina</i>
D.C. Eaton ssp. <i>
scopulina </i>
Woodsia scopulina ssp. scopulina
Rocky Mountain woodsia

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Minnesota Rocky Mountain woodsia Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
CalPhotos (WOSC)
Flora of North America (WOSC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (WOSC)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (WOSC)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (WOSC)
University of Washington Burke Museum (WOSC)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (WOSC)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Dryopteridaceae | Woodsia

4. Woodsia scopulina D. C. Eaton, Canad. Naturalist & Quart. J. Sci. 2: 91. 1865.

Mountain cliff fern, woodsie des rochers

Woodsia obtusa (Sprengel) Torrey var. lyallii Hooker; W . oregana D. C. Eaton var. lyallii (Hooker) Boivin

Stems compact, erect to ascending, with few to many persistent petiole bases of unequal lengths; scales uniformly brown or bicolored with dark central stripe and pale brown margins, ovate to narrowly lanceolate. Leaves 9--35 × 1--8 cm. Petiole usually reddish brown to dark purple proximally when mature, not articulate above base, relatively brittle and easily shattered. Blade lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 2-pinnate proximally, moderately glandular, rarely somewhat viscid; most glandular hairs with thick stalks and distinctly bulbous tips; rachis usually with abundant glandular and nonglandular hairs. Pinnae lanceolate-deltate to ovate, longer than wide, abruptly tapered to a rounded or broadly acute apex, occasionally attenuate; largest pinnae with 5--14 pairs of pinnules; abaxial and adaxial surfaces glandular and sparsely villous, with flattened, multicellular hairs concentrated along midribs. Pinnules dentate, often shallowly lobed; margins nonlustrous, thin, slightly glandular and occasionally ciliate with isolated, multicellular hairs, lacking translucent projections. Vein tips slightly (if at all) enlarged, barely visible adaxially. Indusia of filamentous or nonfilamentous segments, these multiseriate proximally, often uniseriate distally, composed of ± isodiametric cells, concealed by or slightly surpassing mature sporangia. Spores averaging 39--57 µm.

Subspecies 3: only in the flora.

Woodsia scopulina shows substantial variation in leaf size, shape, and dissection, and in the abundance of multicellular hairs on the pinnae. Although much of this variation seems to be environmentally induced, recent studies (M. D. Windham 1993) have identified three chromosomal/morphologic variants that are treated here as subspecies. Diploid populations of W . scopulina are divisible into two groups, one of which (subsp. scopulina ) is scattered throughout the mountainous regions of western North America while the other (subsp. appalachiana ) is confined to montane habitats in the southeastern United States. These taxa seem amply distinct (T. M. C. Taylor 1947) and might be considered separate species if not for the existence of populations in the Great Lakes region and western cordillera that tend to bridge the morphologic and geographic gap between them. These intermediate populations (subsp. laurentiana ) appear to be uniformly tetraploid and may have arisen through ancient hybridization between subsp. scopulina and subsp. appalachiana . In regions where subsp. laurentiana is sympatric with subsp. scopulina , the two taxa are rarely found growing together, suggesting that they differ in their ecological tolerances and/or habitat requirements.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Woodsia+scopulina&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Woodsia+scopulina&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 11
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Woodsia scopulina%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
Rocky Mountain Woodsia
ID: 8076 3101 4736 0119 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
ID: 0000 0000 0706 0078 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
ID: 0000 0000 0706 0079 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
ID: 0000 0000 0706 0080 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
Mountain Cliff Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0209 2242 [detail]
© 2009 Keir Morse

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
Mountain Cliff Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0209 2243 [detail]
© 2009 Keir Morse

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
Mountain Cliff Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0209 2244 [detail]
© 2009 Keir Morse

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
Mountain Cliff Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0209 2245 [detail]
© 2009 Keir Morse

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
Mountain Cliff Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0217 1328 [detail]
© 2017 Neal Kramer

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
Mountain Cliff Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0217 1329 [detail]
© 2017 Neal Kramer

Woodsia scopulina
Woodsia scopulina
Mountain Cliff Fern
ID: 0000 0000 0217 1330 [detail]
© 2017 Neal Kramer

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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