Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
PTERIDOPHYTA
Virginia chainfern
Life   Plantae   Pteridophyta   Blechnaceae   Woodwardia

Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica

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Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica

Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica

Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica

Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica

Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica

Woodwardia virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica, entire
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Woodwardia virginica, entire

Woodwardia virginica, fertile pinnule
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Woodwardia virginica, fertile pinnule
Woodwardia virginica, pinnae
© George Yatskievych, 2006-2011 · 1
Woodwardia virginica, pinnae

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Pucciniastraceae  Uredinopsis arthurii @ BPI (16)

Uredinopsis struthiopteridis @ BPI (7)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=WOVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=WOVI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=WOVI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=WOVI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=WOVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=WOVI
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Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
Virginia chainfern

Image of Woodwardia virginica

General Information
Symbol: WOVI
Group: Fern
Family: Blechnaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Woodwardia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 24. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
ANVI6 Anchistea virginica (L.) C. Presl

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Division Pteridophyta – Ferns
Class Filicopsida
Order Polypodiales
Family Blechnaceae – Chain Fern family
Genus Woodwardia Sm. – chainfern
Species Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm. – Virginia chainfern

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New York Virginia chain fern Exploitably Vulnerable
Tennessee Virginia chainfern Special Concern
Vermont Virginia chain-fern Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (WOVI)
CalPhotos (WOVI)
Flora of North America (WOVI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ANVI6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (WOVI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (WOVI)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (WOVI)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (WOVI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (WOVI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Blechnaceae | Woodwardia

2. Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith, 5: 412. 1793.

Virginia chain fern, Woodwardie de virginie

Blechnum virginicum Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. [2]: 307. 1771; Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) C. Presl

Stems long-creeping, ropelike; scales dark brown, few, triangular. Leaves monomorphic, deciduous, numerous, well separated, 50-100 cm. Petiole dark purple to black proximally, straw-colored distally, base lustrous and swollen, glabrate. Blade greenish, lanceolate, 28-60 cm, bearing mixture of glands and scales upon emergence with glands persisting. Pinnae articulate to rachis, arranged in 12-23 evenly distributed pairs, linear to narrowly lanceolate, deeply pinnatifid; middle pinnae 6-16 × 1-3.5 cm. Veins anastomosing to form a single row of areoles, then free to margin. Sori elongate, linear, superficial, often appearing confluent upon dehiscence of sporangia. Indusia ± membranous, lacking thickened cells, freely spreading, often hidden by dehisced sporangia. 2 n = 70.

Swamps, marshes, bogs, and roadside ditches over noncalcareous substrates; 0-300 m; N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.; Bermuda.

Woodwardia virginica is primarily confined to the coastal plain of eastern North America. It is not likely to be confused with any other species of the genus, but it is sometimes mistaken for Thelypteris palustris (Linnaeus) Schott, T . interrupta (Willdenow) K. Iwatsuki, or Osmunda cinnamomea . It may be distinguished from the first by having netted venation, from the second by having linear sori, and from Osmunda by having blackish petiole bases.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Woodwardia+virginica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Woodwardia+virginica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 10
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Woodwardia virginica%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
Virginia Chainfern
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0517 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
Virginia Chainfern
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0518 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0506 3387 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0506 3388 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0506 3389 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0449 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0450 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0451 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0452 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Woodwardia virginica
Woodwardia virginica
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0453 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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