Page 1115 • Top • -1 • +1 • Original • Database of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico • Highertaxa
This small family is nearly worldwide in distribution (unknown from Micronesia and Polyne-
sia). Crosskey (1962) recognized two subfamilies, the Hyptiogastrinae with five genera and the
Gasteruptiinae with one genus. Because Gasteruption includes the vast majority of Gasterup-
tiidae, there is little practical value in recognizing two subfamilies at this time.
The accounts of the biologies of Gasteruptiidae given by Hoeppner (1904) and Malyshev (1968)
indicate that the larvae are predators or predator-inquilines in the nests of solitary bees and
sphecids which nest in wood. According to Hoeppner, the egg of Gasteniption assectator
(Linnaeus) is laid on a mature larva of the prey. After consuming the latter, the assectator larva
invades the cell of a second prey larva and consumes it also. The species discussed by Malyshev
deposited their eggs in proximity to an egg of a solitary bee, the exact positioning of eggs vary-
ing among species of gasteruptiids. Upon eclosion from the egg the gasteruptiid larva consumed
the egg of the bee. Sometimes the larva would then complete its development by feeding upon
the provisions in the same bee larval cell but often invaded one or more other cells where they
consumed both bee larvae and provisions.
Revision: Townes, 1950. U. S. Natl. Mus., Proc 100: 120-145.
Taxonomy: Hedicke, 1939. Hym. Cat., pt. 11, 54 p. (world catalog). —Crosskey, 1962. Roy.
Ent. Soc. London, Trans. 114: 377-402 (genera of world).
Biology: Hoeppner, 1904. Allg. Ztschr. f. Ent. 9: 97-103. —Malyshev, 1968. Genesis of Hym.
and ... their Evolution, p. 42-46.
Morphology: Crosskey, 1951. Roy. Ent. Soc. London, Trans. 102: 247-281. —Short, 1952. Roy.
Ent. Soc. London, Trans. 103: 45-48, 49 (final-instar larva).
Genus GASTERUPTION Latreille
Gasteruption Latreille, 1796. Precis Caract. Gen. Ins., p. 113.
Type-species: Iclnieitnion assectator Linnaeus. Desig. by Viereck, 1914 from 83
species included by Schletterer, 1885. The discussion by Crosskey (1962, p.
396-397) is based upon the erroneous assumption that species are included in a
Genus described without included species by virtue of suppression of its name inthe synonymy of a genus having species.
FoeuKs Fabricius, 1798. Sup. Ent. System., p. 210, 240.
Type-species: Ichneiution assectator Linnaeus. Desig. by Curtis, 1832. I do not
accept Latreille, 1810 as designator of any type-species.
Gastryptiitiii Agassiz, 1846. Nomencl. Zool., Index Univ., p. 160. Emend.
GasteryptioH Semenov, 1892. Acad. Imp. des Sci. St. Petersburg, Bui. (n. s.) 3: 12. Emend.
Schletterer (1890) suggested this spelling but used Gasteniption.
Gasteryptinni Schulz, 1906. Spolia Hym., p. 133. Emend.
Rhydinofoenits Bradley, 1909. Deut. Ent. Ztschr. (for 1909), p. 38.
Type-species: Rhydinofoenus kawealiensis Bradley. Orig. desig.
Tricliofoenns Kieffer, 1910. Soc. Ent. de France, Ann. 79: 77.
Page 1116 • Top • -1 • +1 • Original • Database of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico • Highertaxa
|Updated: 2009-07-21 04:07:20|
|Discover Life | Proceedings | Database of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico | Highertaxa | Top|
|© Designed by The Polistes Corporation|