THOMAS DICKINSON BRUNS
Born April 13, 1953, Illinois
Department of Plant & Microbial Biology
111 Koshland Hall
University of California
Berkeley, CA 94720-3102
Work phone: (510) 642-7987
Lab phone: (510) 643-5483
Fax: (510) 642-4995
Lab web site: http://plantbio.berkeley.edu/~bruns
- 1982-1987 Ph.D.Botany, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
- 1979-1982 M.S.Botany, University of Minnesota, St. Paul
- 1976-1978 B.S.Forest Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul
- 1971-1973 University of Illinois, Urbana
- 2001- Professor, Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkelely, CA
- 2001- Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkelely, CA
- 1998-1999 Visiting Professor, Department of Animal and Plant Biology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield England
- 1996-2001 Associate Professor, Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkelely, CA
- 1994-2001 Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Policy,
and Management, University of California, Berkelely, CA
- 1989-1994 Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Berkelely, CA
- 1987-1989 Postdoctoral associate, Department of Botany, University of California, Berkeley, Ca.
- 1986-1987 Research Assistant, Department of Botany, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.
- 1985-1986 Rackham Predoctoral Fellow, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.
- 1982-1985 Teaching Assistant, Department of Botany, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.
- 1979-1982 Teaching Assistant, Department of Botany, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minn.
- 1977 Teaching Assistant, College of Forestry, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minn.
Honors and Awards
- 2007 Weston Teaching Award, Mycological Society of America
- 2002-2003 Haydn P Reinecker Chair of Forest Genetics Fellow, Mycological Society of America
- 2000 Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences
- 1994 Alexopoulos Prize, Mycological Society of America
- 1990 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
- 1985-1986 Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship, University of Michigan
- 1984-1985 Mycological Society of America Graduate Fellowship
- 1982 Graduate Student Prize, Mycological Society of America
- 1978 Graduation with Distinction, University of Minnesota
Extramural funding (major competitive grants only):
- National Science Foundation - Research Coordination Network, Fungal Environmental Sampling and Informatics Network (with Karen Hughes and Elizabeth Arnold). $335,555.00 2/1/07- 1/31/12
- National Science Foundation - Phylogenetic Systematics - Leucoagaricus and Leucocoprinus: Phylogeny and Classification of Litter Saprotrophs in the Agaricaceae. 9/1/06-8/31/09; $310,000
- Interspecific Competition Among Ectomycorrhizal Fungi and its Effect of Ectomycorrhizal Assemblage Structure and Plant Performance. (With Peter Kennedy), National Park Foundation. 6/01/05-5/31/07. $120,000.
- National Science Foundation - Ecological Studies - Spatial and temporal dimensions of Rhizopogon spore banks. 5/15/03-5/14/08; $543,000
- USDA Soil Biology program - Effects of logging and prescribed burning on the ectomycorrhizal fungal community associated with Abies concolor. 8/15/2001- 8/14/2004; $267,000
- National Science Foundation - Ecological Studies - Mycorrhizal Cheaters in the Monotropoideae: Costs, Benefits and life history traits of an unholy alliance. $312,381 7/1/01-6/30/04
- Novartis corporation - Population structure and autecology of Tomentella sublilacina and Boletus edulis, two key ectomycorrhizal species. 2/1/99-1/31/04, $500,000.
- National Science Foundation - Ecological Studies - Functional traits of key species in the ectomycorrhizal community: genet size and colonization strategy. 6/1/99-5/31/02, $310,000
- National Science Foundation - Ecological Studies - Post-fire re-colonization of ectomycorrhizal fungi. 7/1/96-6/30/2000, $260,000
- USDA Forest Biology Program - Ectomycorrhizal guild structure: specialization, carbon demand, and epiparasitism. 9/1/96-8/31/2000, $174,600
- USDA forest Service Co-op Agreement - Ecological relations of sporocarp production by hypogeous fungi in Sierran conifer forests. 9/1/94-9/1/97, $ 68,483
- National Science Foundation, Ecology program - Investigations of ectomycorrhizal guild structure in coastal bishop pine forests 9/1/93-8/31/96, $338,226
- USDA Forest Rangeland and Crop Ecosystems (with Fields Cobb) - Genetic structure of Heterobasidion annosum in white fir (Abies concolor) 7/1/93-2/1/96, $175,000
- National Science Foundation, Systematics program - Molecular systematic investigation of non-pedicellate rust fungi. 2/1/93-2/1/96 $210,000
- National Science Foundation, Ecology program - Ecological Studies of Ectomycorrhizal Host-Symbiont Interactions: A molecular approach. 9/1/90 - 9/1/93, $210,00
- National Science Foundation, Systematics program - Molecular systematic investigation of the rust fungi associated with the Pinaceae, 2/1/90-2/1/93 $200,000
- National Science Foundation, Systematics program - Molecular evolution in the Boletales (with John Taylor). 6/30/87-5/31/90 $175,000
Membership in Professional Societies
- Society of American Foresters, 2004-
- American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1980-
- American Phytopathological Society, 1989-1993
- British Mycological Society, 1993-
- Ecological Society of America, 1993-
- Mycological Society of America, 1980-
- Society for the Study of Evolution, 1982-1992
- Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution, 1992-1999
Other Professional Activities
- Panel Member NSF Microbial Observatories, Jan 2007.
- External Review Committee, Department of Plant Biology, University of Georgia, October 2006
- Member Biodiversity Science and Education Initiative working group. October 2005-2007.
- Panel Member USDA Competitive Grants Program, Soil Biology and Process, May 16-20, 2005.
- Chair, Program Committee, Mycological Society of America, Annual Meeting 2005-2006.
- Councilor, Mycological Society of America 2003-2004
- Chair, Local organizing committee, Mycological Society of America Annual Meeting, Asilomar, July 2003.
- Organizing member of UNITE: USER-FRIENDLY ITS ECTOMYCORRHIZAL DATABASE (http://www.zbt.m.se/unite/)
- Chaired and organized session on Fungal Molecular Ecology at the Cellular and Molecular Mycology Gordon Conference, June 20, 2002, Holderness School, New Hampshire
- Panel Member Department of Energy - Carbon sequestration; Sept 9, 2002
- Chaired and organized symposium on Molecular Ecology at the Mycological Society of America, June 26, 2002. Mycological Society of America Annual Meetings, Corvallis Or.
- Invited participant of Microbial Ecology and Genomics workshop, American Academy of Microbiology. West Palm Beach Feb 23-25, 2001
- Chair of the Organizing Committee for the First International Conference on Mycorrhizae, Berkeley CA, Aug 1-9, 1996
- Co-organizer of the first workshop on molecular characterization of mycorrhizal fungi. North American Mycorrhizal Conference. Guelph Ontario, Aug 1992.
- Member of the Committee of Visitors, NSF Ecology Cluster, June 1995
- Panel member, NSF Ecological Studies, 1990, 1996; NSF Systematics 1998;
- Panel member, USDA Soil Biology program 2002
- Councilor, Mycological Society of America 1992-1994
- Awards committee, Mycological Society of America, 1996-1997
- Editorial board, Mycorrhiza, 2001-present, Mycological Progress 2006-present; Molecular Ecology, 1995-2004: Mycologia 1998-present; Applied and Environmental Microbiology 1999-2001.
- Ad hoc reviewer for the following journals: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Canadian Journal of Botany, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Current Genetics, FEMS Microbial Ecology, Ecology, Molecular Ecology, Molecular Plant Microbe Interactions, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Mycologia, Mycological Research, Mycorrhiza, Nature, New Phytologist, Plant Systematics and Evolution, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), Proceedings of the Linnean Society, Science, Symbiosis; and the following granting agencies: National Science Foundation USA (various programs), United States Department of Agriculture (various programs), CSIRO (Australia, various programs), DFG (Germany), FWF (Austria), NERC (United Kingdom), NSERC (Canada),
Courses currently taught
- ESPM 134 - Insects, Fire and Disease in Forest Ecosystems
- ESPM 131 Soil Microbial Ecology
- PMB 110 Biology of the fungi
- PMB 113 California Mushrooms
- PMB 220 Critical thinking in microbiology
- IB 149 Molecular Ecology
Courses previously taught at the University of California
- Plant Pathology 206 - Fungi in relation to Plant Disease
- College of Natural Resources 24 - Freshman Seminar: Fungi of the forest
- ESPM 133 - Forest Insects and Disease
- ESPM 101A Resource Ecology Summer Camp (One day lecture on Forest)
- Ph.D. students - current
- Nhu Nguyen 2006
- Jennifer Kerekes 2006-
- Nichole Hynson 2005-
- Nicholas Rosenstock 2004-
- Valarie Wong 2004-
- Shannon Schechter 2004-
- Ph.D. students - degrees completed
- Lisa Grubisha 1998-2005
- Peter Kennedy (co-chair, with Wayne Souza) 2000-2005
- Antonio Izzo 1998-2004
- Else Vellinga (Universiteit Leiden, co-promoter with P. Baas) 1996-2003
- Martin Bidartondo 1996-2001
- Thomas R. Horton 1992-1997
- D. Lee Taylor 1992-1997
- Matteo Garbelotto (co-chair with Fields Cobb) 1991-1996
- Yunan Li 1990-1995
- Ken Cullings 1990-1993
- M.S. students - degree completed
- Geraldine Baura 1990-1991
- Dr. Else Vellinga 2006-
- Dr. Roberto Garibay Orijel 2006-2007
- Dr. Peter Kennedy 2005-2007
- Dr. Martin Bidartondo 2001-2004
- Dr. Eric Lileskov 1999-2002
- Dr. Franchisco Camacho 1999-2001
- Dr. Rasmus Kjřller 1999-2000
- Dr. Nils Högberg 1998-2000
- Dr. Dirk Redecker 1997-2000
- Dr. Jacqueline Baar 1997-1999
- Dr. Annette Kretzer 1993-1997
- Dr. Detlev Vogler 1990-1996
- Dr. Pierluigo Bonello 1995-1996
- Dr. Monique Gardes 1990-1994
- Peay, K. G., Bruns T. D. Kennedy, P. G., Bergemann, S. E., and M. Garbelloto. 2007. A strong species-area relationship for eukaryotic soil microbes: island size maters for ectomycorrhizal fungi. Ecology Letters 10: 470-480
- Grubisha, L.C., Bergemann, S.E., and Bruns, T.D. 2006. Host islands within the California Northern Channel Islands create fine-scale genetic structure in two sympatric Rhizopogon species. Mol. Ecol. 16(9): 1811-1822.
- Kennedy, P. G., Bergemann, S. E., Hortal S., Bruns T. D. 2006 Determining the outcome of field-based competition between two Rhizopogon species using real-time PCR Mol. Ecol. 16(4): 881-890.
- Izzo, A., Nguyen, D. T., Bruns T.D. 2006. Spatial structure and richness of ectomycorrhizal fungi colonizing bioassay seedlings from resistant propagules in a Sierra Nevada forest: comparisons using two hosts that exhibit different seedling establishment patterns. Mycologia 98:374-383.
- Rusca, T.A. Kennedy, P. G., and Bruns T. D. 2006. The effect of different pine hosts on the sampling of Rhizopogon spore banks in five Eastern Sierra Nevada forests. New Phytol. 170(3):551-560.
- Izzo, A., Canright, M., and Bruns, T.D. 2006. The effects of heat treatments on ectomycorrhizal resistant propagules and their ability to colonize bioassay seedlings. Mycol. Res. 110:196-202
- Lilleskov, E.A. and Bruns, T.D. 2005. Spore dispersal of a resupinate ectomycorrhizal fungus,Tomentella sublilacina, via soil food webs. Mycologia 97(4): 762-769
- Grubisha, L. C, Kretzer, A.M., and Bruns, T.D. 2005 Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci from the truffle-like ectomycorrhizal fungi Rhizopogon occidentalis and Rhizopogon vulgaris. Mol. Ecol. Notes 5: 608-610.
- Bidartondo, M.I. and Bruns, T.D. 2005. On the origins of extreme mycorrhizal specificity in the Monotropoideae (Ericaceae): performance trade-offs during seed germination and seedling development. Mol. Ecol. 14: 1549-1560.
- Izzo, A.D., M. Meyer, M. North, J.M. Trappe and T.D. Bruns. 2005. Hypogeous ectomycorrhizal fungal species on roots and in small mammal diet in a mixed conifer forest. Forest Science 53(3): 243-254.
- Izzo, A., Agbowo, J., and Bruns, T.D. 2005. Detection of plot-level changes in ectomycorrhizal communities across years in an old-growth mixed-conifer forest. New Phytol.166(2): 619-630
- Kennedy, P. G and Bruns, T. D. (2005) Priority effects determine the outcome of ectomycorrhizal competition between two Rhizopogon species colonizing Pinus muricata seedlings. New Phytol. 166(2): 631-638
- Taylor, D.L., Bruns T.D., Hodges, S.A. 2004. Evidence for mycorrhizal races in a cheating orchid. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. (B): 271:35-43
- Bidartondo, M.I. Burghardt, B., Gebauer, G., Bruns, T.D. and Read, D. J. 2004. Changing partners in the dark: Isotopic and molecular evidence of ectomycorrhizal liaisons between forest orchids and trees. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. (B). 271:1799-1806.
- Lilleskov, E. A., Bruns, T.D., Horton, T.R., Taylor, D.L., and Grogan, P. 2004. Detection of forest stand-level spatial structure in ectomycorrhizal fungal communities. FEMS Microb. Ecol. 49(2):319-332
- Bruns, T.D. and Shefferson, R. P. 2004. Evolutionary studies of Ectomycorrhizal fungi: recent advances and future directions. Can. J. Bot. 82:1-11.
- Taylor, D.L., Bruns, T.D., Szaro, T.M, and Hodges, S.A. 2003. Divergence in mycorrhizal specialization within Hexalectris spicata , a nonphotosynthetic desert orchid. Am. J. Bot. 90: 1168-1179.
- Vellinga, E.C., de Kok, R.P.J., and Bruns, T.D. 2003. Phylogeny and taxonomy of Macrolepiota (Agricaceae) Mycologia 442-456.
- Kennedy, P.G., Izzo, A.D. , and Bruns, T.D. 2003. High potential for common mycorrhizal networks between understory and canopy trees in a mixed evergreen forest. J. Ecology. 91: 1071-1080 .
- Lileskov, E. A. and Bruns, T.D. 2003. Root colonization dynamics of two ectomycorrhizal fungi of contrasting life histories mediated by organic nutrient additions. New Phytol. 159:141-151
- Bidartondo, M.I., Bruns, T.D., Wieß, M., Sérgio, C., and Read, D.J. 2003. Specialized cheating of the ectomycorrhizal symbiosis by an epiparasitic liverwort. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 270: 835-842
- Kjřller, R. and Bruns, T. D. 2003. Rhizopogon spore bank communities within and among Californian pine forests. Mycologia 95:603-613.
- Bidartondo, Martin I., Dirk Redecker, Isabelle Hijri, Andres Wiemken, Thomas D. Bruns, Laura Domínguez, Alicia Sérsic, Jonathan R. Leake, & David J. Read. 2002. Epiparasitic plants specialized on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Nature 419;389-391.
- Bruns T. D.,Tan, J., Bidartondo, M. I., Szaro, T. M., Redecker D. 2002 Survival of Suillus pungens and Amanita francheti ectomycorrhizal genets was rare or absent after a stand-replacing wildfire. New Phytol: 155:517-523
- Bruns, T.D., Bidartondo, M.I. Taylor, D.L. 2002. Host specificity in ectomycorrhizal communities: what do the exceptions tell us? Integ. and Comp. Biol. 42:352-359.
- Bidartondo, M.I.,and Bruns, T.D. 2002. Fine-level mycorrhizal specificity in the Monotropoideae (Ericaceae): specificity for fungal species groups. Mol. Ecol. 11: 557-570.
- Bidartondo, M.I.,and Bruns, T.D. 2001. Extreme specificity in epiparasitic Monotropoideae (Ericaceae): Widespread phylogenetic and geographic structure. Mol. Ecol. 10: 2285-2295
- Horton, T. R., and T.D. Bruns. 2001. The molecular revolution in ectomycorrhizal ecology: Peeking into the black-box. Mol. Ecol. 10: 1855-1871
- Bidartondo, M.I., Barr, J., and Bruns, T.D. 2001. Low ectomycorrhizal inoculum potential and diversity from soils in and near ancient forests of bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva). Can. J. Bot. 79:293-299
- Redecker, D., Szaro, T. M., Bowman, J. R., Bruns, T.D. 2000. Small genets of Lactarius xanthogalactus, Russula cremoricolor and Amanita francheti in late stage ectomycorrhizal successions. Mol. Ecol. 10:1025-1034
- Grogan, P, Baar, J. and Bruns, T.D. 2000. Below-ground ectomycorrhizal community structure in a recently burned bishop pine (Pinus muricata) forest: spatial heterogeneity predominates over potential effects of ash deposition. J Ecol. 88:1051-1062.
- Bruns, T.D. and Read, D.J. 2000. In vitro germination of non-photosynthetic, myco-heterotrophic plants stimulated by fungi isolated from the adult plants..New Phytol. 148: 335-342
- Kretzer, A.M., Bidartondo, M. I., Grubisha, L.C., Spatafora, J.W., Szaro, T.M., and Bruns, T. D. 2000 Regional specialization of Sarcodes sanguinea (Ericaceae) on a single fungal symbiont from the Rhizopogon ellenae (Rhizopogonaceae) species complex. Am. J. Bot. 87:1778-1782
- Hughey, B. D., G. C Adams, T. D. Bruns, D. S. Hibbett. 2000 Phylogeny of Calostoma, The geleatinous-stalked puffball, based on nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal DAN sequences. Mycology 92: 94-104.
- Redecker, D. Morton, J. B., Bruns, T. D. 2000. Molecular phylogeney of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Glomus sinuosusm and Sclerocystis coremioides. Mycologia 92: 282-285.
- Redecker, D. Morton, J. B., Bruns, T. D. 2000. Ancestral lineages of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomales). Mol. Phyl. Evol. 14:276-284
- Grogan, P., Bruns, T.D. and Chapin, F.S. III. 2000. Ash effects on ecosystem nitrogen cycling in a recently burned Bishop Pine (P. muricata) forest. Oecologia 122:537-544.
- Bidartondo, M. I., Kretzer, A. M., Pine, E. M., T. D. Bruns, 2000. High root concentration and uneven ectomycorrhizal diversity nearSarcodes sanguinea (Ericaceae): A cheater that stimulates its victims? Amer. J. Bot. 87:1783-1788
- Taylor, D.L. Bruns, T. D., 1999. Community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Pinus muricata forest: minimal overlap between mature forest and resistant propagule community. Mol. Ecol. 8:1837-1850.
- Taylor, D.L. Bruns, T. D., 1999. Population, habitat and genetic correlates of mycorrhizal specialization in the 'cheating' orchids Corallorhiza maculata and C-mertensiana. Mol. Ecol. 8:1719-1732
- Kretzer, A., Bruns, T. D. 1999. Use of atp6 in fungal phylogenetics: an example from the Boletales. Mol. Phylog. Evol. 13:483-492.
- Baar, J., Horton, T. R., Kretzer, A., Bruns, T. D. 1999. Mycorrhizal recolonization of Pinus muricata from resistant propagules after a stand-replacing wildfire. New Phytol. 143:409-418
- Stendel, E. C., T. R. Horton, T. D. Bruns. 1999 Short-term effects of a ground fire on the ectomycorrhizal community. Mycol. Res. Mycol. Res. 103:1353-1359
- Horton, T. R., T.D. Bruns, T. Parker. 1999 Ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with Arctostaphylos contribute to Pseudotsuega menziesii establishment. Can. J. Bot. 77:93-102.
- Horton, T. R., E. Cázares, and T. D. Bruns 1998. Ectomycorrhizal, vesicular-arbuscular and dark-septate fungal colonization of Bishop pine (Pinus muricata) seedlings in the first five months of growth after fire. Mycorrhiza 8: 11-18
- Garbelotto, Cobb, F. W., M., Bruns, T. D., Otrasina, W., Popenuck, T. and Slaughter, G. 1999. Genetic structure of Heterobasidion annousm in White Fir mortality centers in California. Phytopathology 89: 546-554
- Garbelotto, M., Otrasina, W., Cobb, F. W. and Bruns, T. D. 1998. The European S and F interterility groups of Heterobasidion annosum may represent sympatric protospecies. Can. J. Bot. 76:397-409.
- Roy, B. A., Vogler, D. R., Bruns, T. D. and Szaro, T. M. 1998 Cryptic species in the Puccinia monoica complex. Mycologia 90:846-853
- Horton, T. R. and T. D. Bruns 1998 Multiple-host fungi are the most frequent and abundant ectomycorrhizal types in a mixed stand of Douglas-Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii D. Don) and bishop pine (Pinus muricata D. Don). New Phytol. 139:331-339
- Bonello, P., Bruns, T. D. and Gardes, M. 1998. Genetic structure of a natural population of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Suillus pungens. New Phytol. 138:533-542.
- Vogler, D. R. and T. D. Bruns 1998 Phylogenetic relationships among North American pine stem rusts (Cronartium and Peridermium spp.) Mycologia 90:244-257.
- Bruns, T.D. T. M. Szaro, M. Gardes, K. W. Cullings, J. J. Pan, D.L. Taylor, T. R. Horton, A. Kretzer,M. Garbelotto, and Y. Li. 1998 A sequence database for the identification of ectomycorrhizal basidiomycetes by phylogenetic analysis. Mol. Ecol. 7:257-272.
- Kretzer, A. and Bruns, T. D. 1997. Molecular revisitation of the genus Gastrosuillus. Mycologia 89:586-589.
- Taylor, D. L. and Bruns, T. D. 1997. Independent, specialized invasions of ectomycorrhizal mutualism by two non-photosynthetic orchids. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sc. (USA) 94:4510-4515
- Garbelotto, M. Lee, K.K. Slaughter, G. Popenuck, T. Cobb, F. W. and Bruns, T. D. 1997. Heterokaryosis is not required for virulence of Heterobasidion annosum. Mycologia 89:92-102.
- Garbelotto, M. Slaughter, G., Popenuck, T. Cobb, F. W. and Bruns, T. D. 1997. Secondary spread of Heterobasidion Annosum in white fir root-disease centers. Can. J. For. Res. 27: 766-773
- Kretzer, A., Li, Y., Szaro, T., and Bruns, T. D. 1996. Internal transcribed spacer sequences from 38 recognized species of Suillus sensu lato: Phylogenetic and taxonomic implications. Mycologia 88 (5), 776-785.
- Gardes, M and Bruns T. D. 1996. Community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Pinus muricata forest: above and below ground views. Can. J. Bot. 74: 1572-1583
- Garbelotto, M., Ratcliff, A., Bruns, T. D., Cobb, F. W., Jr., and Otrosina, W. J. 1996. Use of taxon specific competitive priming PCR to study host specificity, hybridization, and intergroup gene flow. Phytopathology 86:543-551.
- Cullings, K. W., T. M. Szaro, and T. D. Bruns 1996. Evolution of extreme specialization within a lineage of ectomycorrhizal epiparasites Nature. 379:63-66
- Bowen, M. D. Jackson, A. O., Bruns, T.D., Hacker, D. L. and Hardy, J. L. 1995. Sequence determination and comparative analysis of the small RNA genomic sequences of California Encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon, Jerry Slough, Melao, Keystone and Trivittatus viruses (Bunyaveridae: genus Bunyavirus, California serogroup) Virology 76:559-572
- Bruns, T. D. 1994. Thoughts on the processes that maintain local species diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Pl. Soil 170:63-73.
- Garbelotto, M., Bruns, T.D., Cobb, F. W., and Otrosina W. J. (1993) Differentiation of intersterility groups and geographic provenances among isolates of Heterobasidion annosum by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA assays. Can. J. Bot. 71:565-569.
- Bruns, T. D., Gardes, M. (1993). Molecular tools for the identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi: taxon-specific oligonucleotide probes for the suilloid fungi. Molecular Ecology 2:233-242
- Gardes, M. and Bruns, T. D. 1993. ITS primers with enhanced specificity of basidiomycetes: application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2:113-118.
- Bruns, T. D., R. Vilgalys , S. M. Barns, D. Gonzalez, D. S. Hibbett, D. J. Lane, L. Simon, S. Stickel, T. M. Szaro, W. G. Weisburg and M. L. Sogin (1992). Evolutionary relationships within the Fungi: analyses of nuclear small subunit rRNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 1:231-241.
- Cullings, K. W. and T. D. Bruns 1992. Phylogenetic origins of the Monotropoideae inferred from partial 28S rRNA gene sequences. Can. J. Bot. 70:1703-1708.
- Bruns, T. D. and Szaro, T. M. 1992. Rate and mode differences between nuclear and mitochondrial small rRNA genes in mushrooms. Mol. Biol. Evol 9:836-855.
- Baura, G., Szaro, T. M. and Bruns, T. D. 1992. Gastroboletus laricinus is a recent derivative of Suillus grevillei. Mycologia 84:592-597.
- Simon, L., Lalonde M., and Bruns T. D. (1992). Specific amplification of 18S fungal ribosomal genes from vesicular-arbuscular endomycorrhizal (VAM) roots. Appl. Envir. Microb. 58:291-295
- Bruns, T. D., White, T. J. and Taylor, J. W. 1991. Fungal Molecular Systematics. Ann, Rev. Ecol. and Syst. 22:525-564.
- Gardes, M., J. Fortin, T. J. White, T. D. Bruns, and J. W. Taylor. 1990. Identification of indigenous and introduced symbiotic fungi in mycorrhizae by amplification of the internal transcribed spacer. Can J. Bot 69:180-190
- Bruns, T. D., R. Fogel, J. W. Taylor. 1990. Amplification and sequencing of DNA from fungal herbarium specimens. Mycologia 82:175-184.
- Bruns, T. D., R. Fogel, White, T. J. and J. D. Palmer. 1989. Accelerated evolution of a false-truffle from a mushroom ancestor. Nature 339:140-142.
- Bruns, T. D. and J. D. Palmer. 1989. Evolution of mushroom mitochondrial DNA: Suillus and related genera. J. Mol. Evol. 28:349-362
- Bruns, T. D., J. D. Palmer, D.S. Shumard, L. I. Grossman, and M. E. S. Hudspeth. 1988. Mitochondrial DNAs of Suillus: Three fold-size change in molecules that share a common gene order. Current Genetics 13:49-56.
- Bruns, T.D. 2006. A Kingdom Revised. (News and Views) Nature 443: 758-759.
- Bruns, T.D., Baar, J., Grogan, P., Horton, T.R., Kretzer, A., Redecker, D., Tan, J. and Taylor, D. L. 2005. Natural History and Community Dynamics of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi following the Mt. Vision Fire. pp 33-40. In Lessens Learned from the October 1995 Mt. Vision Fire; CD ROM published by Points Reyes National Seashore. Available at (http://plantbio.berkeley.edu/~bruns/).
- Grubisha LC, Trappe JM, Bruns TD. 2005. Preliminary record of ectomycorrhizal fungi on two California Channel Islands. Eds. Garcelon, DK, Schwemm, CA. In: Proceedings of the Sixth California Islands Symposium, Ventura, California, December 1-3, 2003, pp. 171-183. National Park Service Technical Publication CHIS-05-01, Institute for Wildlife Studies, Arcata, California.
- Bruns, T.D. and Bidartondo, M.I. 2004. Observations on patterns of host specificity in ectomycorrhizal communities. pp. 214-226 In Hernábdez, J.T.F., Portugal, V. O., an Cerrato, R. F. (Eds) Avance en el Conocimiento de la Biología de las Micorrizas, Universidad de Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Mexico.
- Taylor, J.W., Spatafora, J,. O'Donnell, K.L., Lutzoni, F. James, T., Hibbett, D. S., Geiser, D., Bruns, T.D., and Blackwell. M. 2004. Fungi. pp.171-193. In: The Tree of Life, J. Cracraft and M. Donoghue (eds.). Oxford.
- Bruns, T.D., Kretzer, A.M., Horton, T.R. Stendell. E. A-D, Bidartondo, M. I. and Szaro, T. M. 2002. Current investigations of fungal ectomycorrhizal communities in Sierra National Forest. pp 83-89 in Proceedings of a Symposium on the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Project: Progress and Current Status USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-183.
- Bruns, T. D. and Bidartondo, M.I. 2002. Molecular windows into the below ground interactions of ectomycorrhizal fungi. The Mycologist 16:47-50
- Bruns, T. D. 2001. ITS reality. Inoculum 52:2-3.
- Lilleskov, E. A. and Bruns, T. D. 2001. Nitrogen and ectomycorrhizal fungal communities: what we know, what we need to know. New Phytol. 149:156-158
- Taylor, D.L., Bruns, T.D., Leake, J.R., Read, D.J. 2002. Mycorrhizal Specificity and Function in Myco-heterotrophic Plants. pp. 379-437. In Ian R. Sanders and Marcel van der Heijden (eds). The Ecology of Mycorrhizas. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
- Bruns, T.D. 1995 Identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi using a combination of PCR-based approaches. pp 116-123. In Rossen, L. Rubio, V. Dawson, M. T. and Frisvad, J. (eds) Fungal Identification Techniques, Proceedings from the workshop in Barcelona, 5 to 8 April 1995
- Garbelotto M, Ratcliff A, Popenuck T, Slaughter G, Cobb F, Otrosina W., and Bruns T 1995. Biology and population genetics of Heterobasidion annosum in California. In: Proceedings of the 1995 Western International Forest Disease Conference, August September 1995, Whitefish, MT.
- Gardes, M. and Bruns, T. D. 1995 ITS-RFLP match for the identification of fungi. in Walker, J.(ed) Methods in Molecular Biology, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ. in press
- Vogler, D. R. and Bruns, T. D. (1993). Use of molecular characters to identify holomorphs: an example from the rust genus Cronartium. In Reynolds, D. R. and Taylor, J. W. (ed) The fungal holomorph: a consideration of mitotic, meiotic and pleomorphic speciation. Wallingford: CAB International pp. 237-245.
- White, T. J., T. D. Bruns, S. B. Lee, and J. W. Taylor. 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA Genes for phylogenetics. Pp 315-322 In: PCR - Protocols and Applications - A Laboratory Manual. Eds, N. Innis, D. Gelfand, J. Sninsky, and T. White. Academic Press, New York.
- Bruns, T. D. 1984. Insect mycophagy in the Boletales: fungivore diversity and the mushroom habitat. pp. 91-129. in Q. Wheeler and M. Blackwell (eds.), Fungus-insect relationships: perspectives in_ecology and evolution. NY, Colum. Univ.
- Bruns, T. D. 2001. Review of Boletes of North America by Bessette, Roody, and Bessette. Plant Science Bulletin 47(2):67.
- Bruns, T. D. 1996. Review of Diptercarpaceae: Mycorrhizae and regeneration by W.T.M. Smits. Mycotaxon 59: 503-504.
Oral Presentations (invited *)
- *Roles of dispersal and competition in shaping ectomycorrhizal succession in a California pine forest, British Mycological Society Annual Meeting, Manchester England. September 12, 2007.
- *The Pt. Reyes Mycoblitz. Fungus Federation, Santa Cruz, CA. April 18, 2007.
- *FESIN - the Fungal Environmental Sampling and Informatics Network. UNITE meeting, Stockholme Sweden, March 6-8, 2007
- *Mycorrhizal Ecology 101 - a quick primer to plant-fungal interactions in a wide spread and important symbiosis, in BIOFORUM: Scientific Explorations of the Fungal Realm, produced by the California Academy of Sciences and co-sponsored by Oakland Museum of California and California Science Teachers' Association. October 28, 2006
- *The Pt. Reyes Mycoblitz. Humboldt State Mycological Society, Arcata, CA. Oct 18, 2006.
- *Quantifying the species composition, density, spatial extent, and longevity of Rhizopogon spore banks in pine forests, Dept. Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Sept, 25, 2006.
- *Quantifying the species composition, density, spatial extent, and longevity of Rhizopogon spore banks in pine forests, 8th International Mycological Congress, Cairns, Australia. August, 22, 2006.
- *Observations on the fungi of Pt. Reyes National Seashore, Mycological Society of San Francisco, March 21, 2006.
- *Dispersal and establishment strategies of ectomycorrhizal fungi in post-fire California Forests, California Native Plant Society, Dec 3, 2005.
- *Spatial and temporal structure of Rhizopogon spore banks. Mycological Society of America, Annual Meeting, Hilo, Hawaii, Aug 3, 2005.
- *Spatial and temporal structure of Rhizopogon spore banks. International Union of Microbiological Society Internation Congress, San Francisco, CA July 24, 2005.
- * Research on effects of the Mt. Vision fire on ectomycorrhizal fungi. Vision Fire Ten Years Later (part of Annual National BAER Meeting) San Rafael April 6, 2005.
- * Dispersal and establishment strategies of ectomycorrhizal fungi in post-fire California Forests. Michigan State University, March 21, 2005
- * Ectomycorrhizae: the hidden side of forest ecology. Mycological Society of San Francisco, Fungus Fair. December 5, 2004
- * The underestimated role of spores and spore banks in communities of ectomycorrhizal fungi. University of California, Santa Cruz, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. November 10, 2004.
- * Rethinking the rust life-cycle and host jumps from a phylogenetic, molecular, and ecological perspective. Mycological Society of America, Symposium on Symbiosis in honor of George Cummin's 100th Birthday. July 20, 2004
- *Observations on the Natural History of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Sonoma Mycological Society, May 20, 2004
- *Observations on the Natural History of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Santa Cruz Fungus Federation, May 19, 2004
- *Observations on the Natural History of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Mycological Society of San Francisco, May 18, 2004
- *The underestimated role of spores and spore banks in communities of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Biology 2004 Symposium, Fribourg, Switzerland, Feb 13, 2004
- *Molecular genetic approaches to exotic tree diseases: current realities and future potentials. Forest Summit, UC Berkeley Nov 5, 2003
- *Observations on the Natural History of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi. University of Toronto, Oct. 31, 2003
- *Observations on the Natural History of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi: when do spore matter? West Sydney Univerity, Sydney, Sept. 19, 2003
- *Observations on the Natural History of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi: when do spore matter?, Griffith University, Brisbane Australia, Sept 12, 2003
- *Evolutionary Studies of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi: recent advancess and future directions." Keynote talk, International Congress on Mycorrhizae, Aug 14, 2003
- *Observations on the Natural History of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi: when do spore matter? Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Universiteit Leiden, May 28, 2003.
- *Observations on the Natural History of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi: when do spore matter? Oregon State University, May 15, 2003
- *Observations on the Natural History of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi: when do spore matter? Harvard University, April 24, 2003
- *Observations on the Natural History of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi: when do spore matter? Humbolt State University, Dec 13, 2002
- Spatial patterns in Rhizopogon spore bank communities in California pine forests, Mycological society of America Annual Meetings, Corvallis Or. June 26, 2002.
- *Invited speaker, Nordic workshop for molecular identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi, Höör Sweden, Nov. 2, 2001. http://www.zbt.m.se/unite/index.html
- *"Patterns in ectomycorrhizal community structure in pinaceous ecosystems", Fungal biodiversity symposium, Mycological Society of America, Annual Meetings. Salt Lake City, Aug 27, 2001
- *Ectomycorrhizal Epiparasites: How Unique Are They? Rudolph Lecture, Dept. of Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology, Ohio State University, May 9, 2001
- *Ectomycorrhizal Epiparasites: How Unique Are They? 12th Biennial Nusbaum Symposium, North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC, April 17, 2001
- *Interactions of ectomycorrhizal fungi and ectomycorrhizal epiparasites. Symposium - Living together: the dynamics of Symbiotic interactions, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Chicago, IL. January 7, 2001S
- *Observations on the patterns of host specificity in ectomycorrhizal communities. Reunión Iberoamericana Y III Simposio Nacional Sobre Simbiosis Micorrizica, Guanajuato, Mexico. September 27, 2000.
- *Observations of specificity in ectomycorrhizal systems". Dept of Biology. Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge Louisiana. April 17, 2000.
- *Observations of specificity in ectomycorrhizal systems. Current perspectives on Plant Symbiotic Systems, Fourth Palfrey Symposium, October 16 1999. University of Georgia, Athens. GA.
- *Phylogenetic pattern among parasitic and mutulistic fungi specialized on the Pinaceae. XVI International Botanical Congress, August 2, 1999, St. Louis, Mo.
- *Ectomycorrhizal parasites? University of Kent, Canterbury UK, Feb 22, 1999.
- *Molecular perspectives on Ectomycorrhizal Community Structure. University of Sheffield, Sheffield UK, Nov 23, 1998.
- *Host specificity in ectomycorrhizal communities: what does it mean? Lund University, Lund Sweden, Nov 16, 1998
- *Molecular perspectives on Ectomycorrhizal Community Structure. University of York, York UK, Nov 9, 1998.
- *Molecular Fungal Ecology: New views of the ectomycorrhizal community. Kings College, London, Oct. 21, 1998
- *Identification of Ectomycorrhizal fungi by sequence analyses of a small piece of the mitochondrial large subunit rRNA gene. Second International Conference on Mycorrhizae, Uppsala, Sweden July 4, 1998
- Genets of Amanita francheti are relatively small in a thirty five year old pine forest. Mycological Soc. America Annual Meetings, San Juan, Puerto Rico, June 14, 1998
- *Ecological Lessons for molecular systematic studies of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Soc. Gen. Microbiol., University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. Mar 30, 1998
- *Post-fire recovery of the Ecotomycorrhizal fungal community. California Native Plant Soc. Berkeley, CA Mar. 19, 1998
- Post-fire recovery of the Ecotomycorrhizal fungal community. Microbial Biology Seminar Series, Univ. Cal. Berkeley, Berkeley Ca, Mar. 18, 1998.
- * Post-fire recovery of the Ecotomycorrhizal fungal community. University of Puerto Rico, Dept. of Biology, Feb 19, 1998.
- *Mycorrhizae and restoration ecology. California Native Plants Society, Yerba Buena chapter, San Francisco, CA , Feb. 6, 1998
- Response of Ectomycorrhizal community to fire. Mycological Society of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA , Jan 15, 1998
- *Ectomycorrhizal community structure: which species matter? University of Minnesota, Center for Biotechnology. St. Paul, Mn. May 1, 1997
- *Rhizopogon subcaerulescens: a keystone ectomycorrhizal species., Symposium on the Kings River Ecosystem project, Fresno Ca. Jan 14, 1997.
- *Ectomycorrhizal community structure in a bishop pine forest. Bodega Bay Field Station, University of California, Davis. Feb 20, 1997
- *Community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi on bishop pine. University of Seattle, Department of Botany, and University of British Columbia Department of Botany. March 11 & 12, 1996.
- *The Ectomycorrhizal Community Associated with Bishop Pine. 46th Annual meeting of the American Institute of Biological Sciences. Aug 8, 1995
- *Molecular approaches to the study of ectomycorrhizal community structure, 39th annual meeting of the Japanese Mycological Society, Tokyo, Japan, May 27, 1995
- *Identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi using a combination of PCR-based approaches Workshop on Fungal Identification technology, Barcelona, Spain, April 7, 1995.
- *Molecular analyses of ectomycorrhizal community structure. Department of Plant Pathology University of California, Riverside. March 13, 1995.
- *Molecular analyses of ectomycorrhizal community structure" Department of Biology, Humbolt State University, Feb 16, 1995.
- *Molecular methods for the study of ectomycorrhizae. Annual meeting of the California Forest Pest Council, Rancho Cordova, Nov 16, 1994.
- *Observations on some common California Rust fungi., Mycological Society of San Francisco. Sept 20, 1994
- *Thoughts on the processes that maintain local species diversity of ecto-mycorrhizal fungi, North American Amateur Myological Association Foray, Ashville North Carolina, Sept 3, 1994.
- *Thoughts on the processes that maintain local species diversity of ecto-mycorrhizal fungi, Department of Botany, Duke University, Sept 2, 1994.
- *Molecular analyses in rust systematics: material, techniques and suggestions. Fifth International Mycological Congress, Vancouver, B.C. Aug 19, 1994
- *Evolution within the Uredinales: evidence from the 18S and 28S rRNA genes. Fifth International Mycological Congress, Vancouver, B.C. Aug 16, 1994
- Evolution within the ectomycorrhizal agarics and boletes: the view from a small conserved piece of mtDNA. Fifth International Mycological Congress, Van Couver British Columbia, Aug 20th 1994,
- *PCR approaches to the identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi., 7th International Union of Microbiological Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic, July 7 1994.
- *Molecular Analysis of mycorrhizal community structure., Gordon Conference on Fungal Metabolism, Holderness School, Plymouth NH, June 24, 1994
- *Molecular Analysis of Guild structure of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi., California Academy of Sciences, April 30, 1994.
- *Thoughts on the processes that maintain local species diversity of ecto-mycorrhizal fungi. International conference of the functional significance and regulation of soil biodiversity, East Lansing, Mich. May 4, 1993,
- *Ecological applications of molecular systematics in fungi. Department of Plant Pathology, Texas A and M University, College Station TX, Oct 14, 1992
- Evolutionary relationships within the rusts: evidence from the 18S rRNA gene. Mycological Society of America annual meetings, Portland Oregon, Aug 11, 1992.
- Molecular sampling of mycorrhizae: opposing views from above an below ground. Mycological Society of America annual meetings, Portland Oregon, Aug 10, 1992.
- *Primer selection. Workshop on the PCR identification of fungi, American Phytopathological Society, Portland Oregon, Aug 8, 1992.
- Evolutionary relationships within the rusts: evidence from the 18S rRNA gene. Society for the Study of Evolution Meetings, Berkeley CA, June 18, 1992
- *Differences in rates and modes of evolution between homologous regions of the nuclear and mitochondrial small subunit rRNA in fungi. American Society of Microbiologist, New Orleans, May 27, 1992.
- *Molecular perspectives on the ecology and evolution of mycorrhizal fungi. Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis CA, March 17, 1992.
- *Identification of fungi: examples using the polymerase chain reaction with ectomycorrhizae. Soil fungus conference, Sacramento CA, March 6, 1992.
- *"Molecular perspectives on the evolution and ecology of ectomycorrhizal fungi." ,Department of Botany, Oregon State University. October 17, 1991
- *"Use of PCR-based probes for the identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi". American Phytopathogical Society annual meetings, St. Louis Mo. Aug 19, 1991..
- "Pine drops, Pterospora andromedia, is specifically associated with Rhizopogon or a closely related taxon over a broad geographic range." Mycological Society of America annual meetings, San Antonio, Texas. Aug 5, 1991.
- *"Molecular evolution within an order of Basidiomycetes". Department of Botany, Duke University, Durham, NC. April 11, 1991.
- *Rates and modes of rRNA gene evolution within an order of fungi. 16th Fungal Genetics Conference. Asilomar, CA April 4, 1991.
- *"Molecular perspectives on the evolution and ecology of the boletes and their relatives." Eight North American Conference on Mycorrhizae, Jackson, Wy. September 6, 1990.
- *"Phylogenetic relationships within the Boletales: Molecular perspectives"Fourth International Mycological Congress, Regensburg, Germany, September 1, 1990.
- *"DNA polymerase chain reaction for detecting specific fungi", American Phytopathological society annual meeting, Grand Rapids Michigan, August 8, 1990.
- *"Evolution of mitochondrial DNA within a order of fungi: new perspectives and potentials." Fourth International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology, College Park, MD. July 2, 1990.
- *"Molecular perspectives on evolution and ecology of mycorrhizal fungi". Department of Plant Biology and the Plant Molecular Genetics Institute, University of Minnesota, St Paul, May 29, 1990.
- *"Evolution within the Boletales: a molecular perspective" Conférences du Centre de Recherche en Biologie Forestičre, Université Laval, Quebec. Oct. 6, 1989.
- *"The use of the Polymerase Chain reaction for the study of rRNA genes in fungi" Symposium: The phylogeny of life as recorded in the ribosomal RNA genes Society for the Study of Evolution, annual meetings, June 16, 1989.
- *"Evolution of mitochondrial rRNA sequences in fungi: a PCR perspective" UCLA
- Symposium: The Polymerase Chain Reaction" Methodology and Applications, Keystone, Colorado, April 4, 1989.
- *"Molecular systematic investigations in the Boletaceae" Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg Virginia. 1988.
- *"Molecular systematic studies in the Boletaceae", Symposium: Molecular Evolution of Fungi, Mycological Society of America annual meetings, University of California, Davis, California, 1988.
- *"The use of mitochondrial DNA for phylogenetic analysis in fungi", Colloquium: Recent Molecular Approaches to the Systematics of Plant Pathogenic Fungi, the American Phytopathological Society annual meetings, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1987.
- *"An investigation of the phylogenetic relationships within the Suilloideae using mitochondrial DNA", Symposium: Molecular Biology in the Study of Fungal Development and Phylogeny, Mycological Society of America annual meetings, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 1986.
- "A restriction/gene map for the mitochondrial genome of Suillus viscidus" Mycological Society of America annual meetings, Colorado State University, 1984.
- "Insect mycophagy in the Boletales: host associations and phylogeny" Mycological Society of America annual meetings, Pennsylvania State University, 1982.
- *"Insect mycophagy in the Boletales: patterns and associations", Symposium: Fungus-Insect Relationships, sponsored by the Entomological Society of America and Cornell University, 1981.
Lecture on fungal diversity for the "Cycles of Life" series" Coast Telecourses videotape series, 1995
Updated: 4 December, 2007