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Abies balsamea (L. ) Mill.
BALSAM FIR
Abies x phanerolepsis; Canada balsam; Pinus balsamea

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Abies


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Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Amphisphaeria vestigialis @ BPI (1)

Discosia artocreas @ BPI (3)

Pestalotia camptosperma @ BPI (2)

Pestalotia tumefaciens @ BPI (4)

Pestalotia @ BPI (1)
Anthocoridae  Tetraphleps canadensis @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Mindarus abietinus @ NCSU (4); AMNH_PBI (1)

Prociphilus ( @ NCSU (1)

Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (3)
Auriculariaceae  Auricularia auricula @ BPI (17)
Bertiaceae  Bertia moriformis @ BPI (1)
Biatorellaceae  Biatorella resinae @ BPI (1)
Botryobasidiaceae  Botryobasidium botryosum @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Macrophoma parca @ 360303B (1); 360303A (1)
Ceratocystidaceae  Ceratocystis piceae @ BPI (3)
Chionosphaeraceae  Stilbum resinarium @ BPI (2)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora cerebella @ BPI (2)

Coniophora puteana @ BPI (7)

Coniophora sistotremoides @ BPI (1)

Leucogyrophana romellii @ BPI (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium berkeleyi @ BPI (1)

Corticium confluens @ BPI (1)

Corticium furfuraceum @ BPI (1)

Corticium galactinum @ BPI (11)

Corticium galzinii @ BPI (1)

Corticium lacteum @ BPI (2)

Corticium lividocoeruleum @ BPI (1)

Corticium pilosum @ BPI (1)

Corticium pini-canadensis @ BPI (2)

Corticium subcoronatum @ BPI (1)

Corticium suecicum @ BPI (1)

Corticium sulphureoisabellinum @ BPI (4)

Corticium sulphureum @ BPI (3)

Corticium @ BPI (2)
Cronartiaceae  Peridermium balsameum @ BPI (61)

Peridermium elatinum @ BPI (5)

Peridermium pycnoconspicuum @ BPI (1)

Peridermium pycnogrande @ BPI (1)

Peridermium @ BPI (18); 847063B (1)
Cryptomycetaceae  Potebniamyces balsamicola @ BPI (1)
Cudoniaceae  Spathularia @ BPI (1)
Cystostereaceae  Cystostereum pini-canadense @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces aurantia @ BPI (1)

Dacrymyces palmatus @ BPI (3)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Cenangella abietina @ BPI (1)

Dermea balsamea @ 663954B (1); BPI (34); 663954A (1)

Dermea phyllophila @ BPI (2)

Nothophacidium abietinellum @ BPI (3)

Nothophacidium phyllophilum @ BPI (1)

Pezicula livida @ BPI (1)

Pezicula @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Eutypella @ BPI (1)

Libertella abietis @ BPI (1)
Entolomataceae  Claudopus nidulans @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Pseudohydnum gelatinosum @ BPI (6)
Helminthosphaeriaceae  Diplococcium spicatum @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Ascocalyx abietis @ 666233B (1); 666392B (1); 666394B (1); 666231A (1); 666396A (1); 666243A (1); 666415B (1); 666394A (1); 666231B (1); 666392A (1); BPI (29); 666397A (1); 666396B (1); 666243B (1); 666233A (1); 666415A (1); 666397B (1)

Ascocalyx pinicola @ BPI (1)

Cenangium abietis @ BPI (1)

Cenangium balsameum @ 875906B (1)

Cenangium ferruginosum @ BPI (1)

Chlorociboria aeruginascens @ BPI (3)

Scleroderris abietina @ BPI (1)

Tympanis abietina @ BPI (9)

Tympanis pinastri @ BPI (19)

Tympanis truncatula @ BPI (15)

Tympanis @ BPI (1)
Helvellaceae  Balsamia @ BPI (1)
Hemiphacidiaceae  Sarcotrochila balsameae @ BPI (6)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (167)

Dasyscyphus arida @ BPI (13)

Dasyscyphus calyciformis @ BPI (3)

Dasyscyphus calycinus @ BPI (3)

Dasyscyphus intermedia @ BPI (15)

Dasyscyphus resinarius @ BPI (3)

Dasyscyphus @ BPI (2)

Lachnellula agassizii @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula arida @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula ciliata @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum alboviride @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete badioferruginea @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (2)

Hymenochaete spreta @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (9)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea sulphurea @ BPI (4)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterographium mori @ BPI (1)

Pseudoscypha abietis @ BPI (1)
Lachnocladiaceae  Scytinostroma galactinum @ BPI (1)

Vararia investiens @ BPI (1)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium colliculosum @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Herpotrichia nigra @ BPI (7)
Lycoperdaceae  Lycoperdon pyriforme @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Armillaria mellea @ BPI (2)

Marasmius filopes @ BPI (1)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (3)

Melampsora americana @ BPI (2)

Melampsora humboldtiana @ BPI (3)
Melandryidae  Serropalpus coxalis @ UCRC_ENT (3)
Meliolaceae  Meliola balsamicola @ 860877B (1)
Meripilaceae  Antrodia heteromorpha @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Cylindrobasidium evolvens @ BPI (1)

Dacryobolus sudans @ BPI (1)

Merulius fugax @ BPI (10)

Merulius taxicola @ BPI (2)

Phlebia albida @ BPI (1)

Phlebia merismoides @ BPI (2)
Microthyriaceae  Seynesiella @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Atractotomus magnicornis @ AMNH_PBI (16)

Dichrooscytus latifrons @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Goodeniaphila cassisi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Neolygus piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phoenicocoris dissimilis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phoenicocoris rostratus @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria @ BPI (2)
Mytilinidiaceae  Lophium mytilinum @ BPI (7)

Mytilinidion decipiens @ BPI (2)

Mytilinidion @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria balsamea @ BPI (8)

Nectria cucurbitula @ BPI (4)

Nectria ditissima @ BPI (1)

Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (7)

Nectria fuckeliana @ BPI (1)

Nectria magnusiana @ BPI (1)

Nectria neomacrospora @ BPI (1)

Neonectria fuckeliana @ BPI (2)

Neonectria @ BPI (1)

Ophionectria scolecospora @ BPI (5)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Odontasteridae  Asterodon ferruginosus @ BPI (4)
Parodiellaceae  Parodiella @ BPI (1)
Patellariaceae  Patellaria patinelloides @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora crassa @ BPI (1)

Peniophora glebulosa @ BPI (3)

Peniophora gracillima @ BPI (1)

Peniophora nuda @ BPI (1)

Peniophora pallidula @ BPI (1)

Peniophora piceae @ BPI (1)

Peniophora piceina @ BPI (1)

Peniophora tomentella @ BPI (2)

Peniophora viticola @ BPI (1)
Pezizaceae  Peziza vesiculosa @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Ceuthospora abietina @ BPI (2)

Phacidium abietinellum @ BPI (5)

Phacidium abietis @ BPI (6)

Phacidium infestans @ BPI (49); 669313B (1); 669313A (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria acicola @ BPI (1)

Leptosphaeria faullii @ 620927C (1); 620928B (1); 620926B (1); 620927A (1); 620925B (1); 620925C (1); 620925A (1); 620928A (1); 620926A (1); 620927B (1)

Leptosphaeria @ BPI (4)
Phanerochaetaceae  Phanerochaete carnosa @ BPI (1)
Plectosphaerellaceae  Verticillium abietis @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium @ BPI (2)

Stegonsporium cenangioides @ BPI (2)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium leptotrichum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes annosus @ BPI (1)

Fomes carneus @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (16)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (16)

Fomes robustus @ BPI (1)

Fomes roseus @ BPI (3)

Fomes subroseus @ BPI (1)

Fomes viticola @ BPI (1)

Hirschioporus fuscoviolaceus @ BPI (2)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (19)

Lenzites sepiaria @ BPI (1)

Panus rudis @ BPI (1)

Panus stipticus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus abieticola @ BPI (4)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (49)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus alutaceus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus amorphus @ BPI (5)

Polyporus anceps @ BPI (5)

Polyporus balsameus @ BPI (28)

Polyporus borealis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus caesius @ BPI (8)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (7)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus floriformis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fragilis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fusco-violaceus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus guttulatus @ BPI (8)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus hirtus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus immitis @ BPI (3)

Polyporus lapponicus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus laricinus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus mollis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus nidulans @ BPI (1)

Polyporus picipes @ BPI (7)

Polyporus resinosus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (14)

Polyporus semisupinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tephroleucus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus tomentosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus undosus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (7)

Polyporus volvatus @ BPI (1)

Poria candidissima @ BPI (3)

Poria cinerascens @ BPI (1)

Poria crassa @ BPI (1)

Poria crustulina @ BPI (5)

Poria ferruginosa @ BPI (6)

Poria illudens @ BPI (1)

Poria mollusca @ BPI (2)

Poria rhodella @ BPI (1)

Poria rubens @ BPI (1)

Poria rufa @ BPI (2)

Poria semitincta @ BPI (1)

Poria sericeo-mollis @ BPI (2)

Poria subacida @ BPI (26)

Poria subincarnata @ BPI (11)

Poria taxicola @ BPI (9)

Poria tsugina @ BPI (9)

Poria vulgaris @ BPI (2)

Poria xantha @ BPI (4)

Poria @ BPI (3)

Trametes heteromorpha @ BPI (9)

Trametes malicola @ BPI (2)

Trametes odorata @ BPI (1)

Trametes pini @ BPI (1)

Trametes serialis @ BPI (3)

Trametes subrosea @ BPI (1)

Trametes variiformis @ BPI (4)

Tyromyces stipticus @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia grindeliae @ BPI (1)
Pucciniastraceae  Hyalopsora aspidiotus @ BPI (52)

Melampsorella caryophyllacearum @ BPI (20)

Melampsorella cerastii @ BPI (50)

Melampsorella elatina @ BPI (38)

Melampsorella @ BPI (3)

Milesina polypodophila @ BPI (3)

Pucciniastrum epilobii @ BPI (41); 144180B (1); 144180A (1)

Pucciniastrum goeppertianum @ BPI (32)

Pucciniastrum pustulatum @ BPI (3)

Pucciniastrum @ BPI (1)

Uredinopsis americana @ BPI (2)

Uredinopsis atkinsonii @ BPI (3)

Uredinopsis ceratophora @ BPI (1)

Uredinopsis copelandii @ BPI (1)

Uredinopsis longimucronata @ BPI (13)

Uredinopsis mirabilis @ BPI (62); 847122A (1)

Uredinopsis osmundae @ BPI (38)

Uredinopsis phegopteridis @ 040734A (1); BPI (9); 040734B (1)

Uredinopsis struthiopteridis @ BPI (14)

Uredinopsis @ BPI (5); 1100217A (1); 1100217B (1)
Rhytismataceae  Bifusella faullii @ BPI (53); 650502B (1); 650482B (1); 650502A (1); 650482A (1)

Hypoderma macrospora @ BPI (2)

Hypodermella mirabilis @ BPI (12)

Hypodermella nervata @ 651020B (1); 651020A (1); BPI (44)

Hypodermella punctata @ BPI (9)

Hypodermella @ BPI (2)

Lirula nervata @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium abietis @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium autumnale @ 651239B (1); BPI (2); 651240B (1); 651243A (1); 651242B (1); 651245A (1); 651246B (1); 651239A (1); 651246A (1); 651245B (1); 651242A (1); 651241A (1); 651243B (1); 651243C (1); 651240A (1); 651239C (1); 651241B (1)

Lophodermium lacerum @ BPI (21)

Lophodermium piceae @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium @ BPI (4)

Phacidiopycnis pseudotsugae @ BPI (1)
Sarcosomataceae  Pseudoplectania melaena @ BPI (1)

Pseudoplectania vogesiaca @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (4)
Sclerotiniaceae  Sclerotinia kerneri @ BPI (10)
Seuratiaceae  Atichia glomerulosa @ 646302A (1); 646302B (1)
Sistotremataceae  Trechispora confinis @ BPI (2)

Trechispora sphaerospora @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia arguta @ BPI (1)

Odontia aspera @ BPI (1)

Odontia barba-jovis @ BPI (1)

Odontia bicolor @ BPI (4)

Odontia crustosa @ BPI (2)

Odontia floccosa @ BPI (2)

Odontia hydnoides @ BPI (1)

Odontia setigera @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus abietis @ BPI (26)

Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (132)

Aleurodiscus canadensis @ BPI (1)

Aleurodiscus farlowii @ BPI (1)

Aleurodiscus lividocoeruleus @ BPI (1)

Aleurodiscus penicillatus @ BPI (1)

Gloeocystidiellum citrinum @ BPI (1)

Stereum abietinum @ BPI (1)

Stereum chailletii @ BPI (4)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (41)
Syrphidae  Milesia fructuosa @ BPI (14)

Milesia intermedia @ BPI (34)

Milesia kriegeriana @ BPI (1)

Milesia marginalis @ BPI (13)

Milesia polypodophila @ 148384B (1); 148384A (1); 148389B (1); 148383B (1); 148383A (1); 148389A (1); BPI (17)

Milesia pycnograndis @ BPI (2)
Tremellaceae  Tremella mycophaga @ BPI (4)
Tricholomataceae  Clitocybe monadelpha @ BPI (1)

Omphalia campanella @ BPI (4)

Trogia crispa @ BPI (4)
Trichosphaeriaceae  Trichosphaeria parasitica @ BPI (2)
Tubeufiaceae  Acanthostigma parasiticum @ 624382B (1); 624382A (1); BPI (12)
Tulasnellaceae  Tulasnella fuscoviolacea @ BPI (1)
Ulvaceae  Solenia fasciculata @ BPI (2)

Solenia polyporoidea @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium elatinum @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora friesii @ BPI (1)

Cytospora kunzei @ BPI (1)

Cytospora pinastri @ BPI (3)

Cytospora @ BPI (1)

Radulum orbiculare @ BPI (5)

Valsa abietis @ 700803A (1); 700803B (1); BPI (21)

Valsa brevis @ BPI (4)

Valsa colliculus @ BPI (1)

Valsa friesii @ BPI (17)

Valsa kunzei @ BPI (5)

Valsa pini @ BPI (1)

Valsa @ BPI (3)
Venturiaceae  Phaeocryptopus nudus @ BPI (20)

Rhizosphaera abietis @ BPI (1)

Rhizosphaera kalkhoffii @ BPI (1)

Rhizosphaera pini @ BPI (8)
Vibrisseaceae  Vibrissea truncorum @ BPI (1)
_  Adelopus balsamicola @ 691610B (1); 691600A (1); BPI (12); 691611A (1); 860877A (1); 691601B (1); 691610A (1); 691611B (1); 691600B (1); 691601A (1)

Adelopus nudus @ BPI (35); 691628A (1); 691628B (1); 691628C (1)

Ascochyta piniperda @ BPI (1)

Bothrodiscus pinicola @ 363373B (1); 363339B (1); BPI (40); 363334A (1); 363339A (1); 363334B (1); 363373A (1)

Calyptospora columnaris @ BPI (5)

Calyptospora goeppertiana @ BPI (2)

Chilonectria rosellinii @ BPI (1)

Coriolellus heteromorphus @ BPI (1)

Cryptosporium noveboracense @ BPI (1)

Dimerosporium balsamicola @ BPI (10); 860874A (1)

Endoconidiophora coerulescens @ BPI (1)

Gelatinosporium abietinum @ BPI (13)

Gelatinosporium balsameum @ BPI (3)

Grandinia raduloides @ BPI (1)

Grandinia @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus abietinus @ BPI (2)

Hypochnus abietis @ BPI (8)

Hypochnus fomosus @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus vagus @ BPI (1)

Maurodothina farriae @ BPI (6)

Micropera abietina @ BPI (1)

Micropera abietis @ BPI (3)

Naematelia @ BPI (1)

Phaeophacidium abietinum @ BPI (3)

Phragmotrichum chailletii @ BPI (2)

Rehmiellopsis abietis @ BPI (5)

Rehmiellopsis balsameae @ BPI (22)

Sclerophoma magnusiana @ BPI (1)

Sclerophoma @ BPI (1)

Scoleconectria balsamea @ BPI (34)

Scoleconectria cucurbitula @ BPI (3)

Scoleconectria scolecosperma @ BPI (1)

Scoleconectria scolecospora @ BPI (6)

Sphaeronaema @ BPI (1)

Stegopezizella balsameae @ BPI (15)

Stegopezizella infestans @ BPI (3)

Streptothrix fusca @ BPI (1)

Thyronectria balsamea @ BPI (27)

Toxosporium abietinum @ BPI (1)

Toxosporium camptospermum @ BPI (1)

Toxosporium @ 860874B (1)

Trichoscyphella agassizii @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ABBA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ABBA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ABBA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ABBA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ABBA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ABBA
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Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.
balsam fir

Image of Abies balsamea

General Information
Symbol: ABBA
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Abies thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, ME, Acadia. September 8, 1993. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

H.F. Marco. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NY. 1936. Usage Requirements .

H.F. Marco. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NY. 1936. Usage Requirements .

P. Freeman Heim. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, WI, Nicolet National Forest. 1971. Usage Requirements .

R.K. LeBarron. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MN. 1939. Usage Requirements .

R.K. LeBarron. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MN. 1939. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 63. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Abies Mill. – fir
Species Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. – balsam fir

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Abies balsamea . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Abies balsamea</i>
(L.) Mill. var. <i>
balsamea </i>
Abies balsamea var. balsamea
balsam fir Distribution of <i>
Abies balsamea</i>
(L.) Mill. var. <i>
phanerolepis</i>
Fernald
Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis
balsam fir

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Connecticut balsam fir Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ABBA)
Flora of North America (ABBA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ABBA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ABBA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ABBA)
Native Plants Network (ABBA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (ABBA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ABBA)
Related Websites
AR-University of Arkansas Horticulture (ABBA)
BorealForest.org (ABBA)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (ABBA)
Canada-Official Plants of New Brunswick (ABBA)
Canada-Sustainable Forest Management (Natural Resources Canada) (ABBA)
Flora and Fauna of the Northwoods (ABBA)
Gymnosperm Database (ABBA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center (ABBA)
ME-Christmas Tree Production (ABBA)
MN-Balsam Bough Harvesting (ABBA)
MN-Christmas Tree Production (ABBA)
NC-Plant Fact Sheets (ABBA)
UK-Plants For A Future (ABBA)
USDA FS Identify and Manage Balsam Fir Needlecast Diseases (ABBA)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (ABBA)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (ABBA)
WI-Trees of Wisconsin (ABBA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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