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Abies concolor (Gordon) Lindl. ex Hildebr.
COLORADO WHITE-FIR
White fir; White balsam; Colorado white fir; Rocky mountain white fir; California white fir; Sierra white fir; Picea concolor; Pinus concolor

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Abies

Abies concolor, cone - female - closed
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Abies concolor, cone - female - closed

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma dura @ BPI (1)

Phoma pithya @ BPI (1)

Phoma @ BPI (4)
Alcyoniidae  Rhytisma lineare @ BPI (2)
Andrenidae  Andrena ceanothifloris @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella pilifera @ BPI (1)
Anthocoridae  Anthocoris antevolens @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Tetraphleps uniformis @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ AMNH_PBI (26); NCSU_ENT (1); CSCA_TCN (10)

Mindarus abietinus @ AMNH_PBI (40); NCSU (4); CSCA_TCN (9)
Atheliaceae  Athelia decipiens @ BPI (1)
Auriculariaceae  Auricularia auricula @ BPI (2)
Botryobasidiaceae  Botryohypochnus isabellinus @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria abietis @ BPI (1)

Diplodia thujae @ BPI (1)

Diplodia @ BPI (1)

Macrophoma pinsaponis @ 360336C (1); 360336B (1); 360336A (1)
Braconidae  Ephedrus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Capnodiaceae  Capnodium pini @ BPI (1)
Cerambycidae  Monochamus clamator @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Ortholeptura valida @ UCRC_ENT (6)

Xylotrechus albonotatus @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Cicadellidae  Ceratagallia ( @ UCR_ENT (13)

Exitianus exitiosus @ UCR_ENT (1)

Idiocerus ( @ UCR_ENT (4)
Coccidae  Physokermes concolor @ CSCA_TCN (13)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora puteana @ BPI (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium berkeleyi @ BPI (1)

Corticium corruge @ BPI (3)

Corticium lacteum @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Peridermium ornamentale @ BPI (4)

Peridermium @ BPI (2)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces deliquescens @ BPI (1)

Guepiniopsis alpina @ BPI (2)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Dermea @ BPI (1)

Mollisia piceae @ 658292B (1); 658292A (1)

Pezicula livida @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Diaspidiotus coniferarum @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Diaspidiotus ehrhorni @ CSCA_TCN (5)

Stramenaspis kelloggi @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Dothioraceae  Sydowia gregaria @ BPI (1)
Echinodontiaceae  Echinodontium tinctorium @ BPI (11)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma lucidum @ BPI (3)
Helotiaceae  Ascocalyx abietis @ BPI (2)

Cenangium abietis @ BPI (1)

Godronia abieticola @ BPI (1)

Scleroderris abieticola @ BPI (4)

Scleroderris @ BPI (1)
Helvellaceae  Helvella californica @ BPI (1)
Hericiaceae  Hericium coralloides @ BPI (1)

Mucronella aggregata @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus arida @ BPI (15)

Dasyscyphus calyciformis @ BPI (2)

Dasyscyphus ellisiana @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus garrettii @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula arida @ BPI (1)
Ichneumonidae  Megarhyssa @ UCRC_ENT (5)
Lachnocladiaceae  Asterostroma cervicolor @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Herpotrichia juniperina @ BPI (1)

Herpotrichia nigra @ BPI (10)
Marasmiaceae  Armillaria mellea @ BPI (2)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (14)

Melampsora abietis-capraearum @ BPI (1)

Melampsora americana @ BPI (2)

Melampsora epitea @ BPI (1)

Melampsora humboldtiana @ BPI (2)
Meruliaceae  Merulius armeniacus @ BPI (4)

Merulius confluens @ BPI (1)

Merulius corium @ BPI (4)

Merulius himantioides @ BPI (2)

Merulius pinastri @ BPI (1)

Mycoacia alboviride @ BPI (1)

Mycoacia himantia @ BPI (1)

Phlebia albida @ BPI (1)

Phlebia merismoides @ BPI (4)
Miridae  Atractotomus cooperi @ AMNH_PBI (26)

Atractotomus @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Dacerla mediospinosa @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Deraeocoris brevis @ AMNH_ENT (21)

Deraeocoris incertus @ AMNH_ENT (125)

Deraeocoris piceicola @ AMNH_ENT (4)

Deraeocoris picipes @ AMNH_ENT (11)

Deraeocoris @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Dichaetocoris gillespiei @ AMNH_PBI (1); AMNH_ENT (11)

Dichaetocoris piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (2); AMNH_ENT (14)

Dichaetocoris sp_n_nr_nevadensis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Dichrooscytus abietis @ AMNH_PBI (8); AMNH_ENT (30)

Dichrooscytus longirostris @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Dichrooscytus @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Ectopiocerus anthracinus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Eurychilopterella pacifica @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Lopidea ute @ AMNH_ENT (7)

Lygus shulli @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Phoenicocoris dissimilis @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Phytocoris calli @ AMNH_PBI (2); AMNH_ENT (1)

Phytocoris fraterculus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Phytocoris juliae @ AMNH_PBI (10); AMNH_ENT (11)

Phytocoris nigrifrons @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Phytocoris occidentalis @ AMNH_ENT (16)

Phytocoris politus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Phytocoris sagax @ AMNH_PBI (57); AMNH_ENT (13)

Pilophorus americanus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pilophorus concolor @ AMNH_PBI (2); AMNH_IZC (1)

Pilophorus crassipes @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Pinalitus rostratus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Pinalitus solivagus @ AMNH_ENT (57)

Plagiognathus concoloris @ AMNH_PBI (9)

Psallovius piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (7)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium @ BPI (1)

Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (1)

Nectria sanguinea @ BPI (1)
Patellariaceae  Patellaria patinelloides @ BPI (2)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora byssoides @ BPI (3)

Peniophora carnosa @ BPI (2)

Peniophora pallidula @ BPI (1)

Peniophora pithya @ BPI (2)

Peniophora propinqua @ BPI (1)

Peniophora subserialis @ BPI (1)

Peniophora subulata @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium infestans @ BPI (8)
Piedraiaceae  Trichosporum symbioticum @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Stegonsporium cenangioides @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus ostreatus @ BPI (1)

Pleurotus @ BPI (1)
Pluteaceae  Pluteus cervinus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes annosus @ BPI (3)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes laricis @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (4)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (6)

Fomes robustus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (5)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (8)

Polyporus alboluteus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus benzoinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus dryadeus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus leucospongia @ BPI (2)

Polyporus resinosus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (2)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus volvatus @ BPI (4)

Poria asiatica @ BPI (1)

Poria callosa @ BPI (1)

Poria candidissima @ BPI (2)

Poria ferrugineofusca @ BPI (1)

Poria nigrescens @ BPI (2)

Poria punctata @ BPI (1)

Poria sanguinolenta @ BPI (3)

Poria subacida @ BPI (1)

Poria subvermispora @ BPI (1)

Poria @ BPI (2)

Trametes pini @ BPI (1)
Psathyrellaceae  Ozonium @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Puto cupressi @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Psyllidae  Trioza bakeri @ UCR_ENT (1)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsorella caryophyllacearum @ BPI (5)

Melampsorella cerastii @ BPI (26)

Melampsorella elatina @ BPI (6)

Pucciniastrum epilobii @ BPI (2)

Pucciniastrum goeppertianum @ BPI (11)

Pucciniastrum pustulatum @ BPI (20)

Uredinopsis macrosperma @ 040231B (1); BPI (2)

Uredinopsis osmundae @ BPI (7)

Uredinopsis pteridis @ BPI (2)
Reduviidae  Rasahus @ AMNH_PBI (4)
Rhytismataceae  Hypoderma robustum @ BPI (24)

Hypodermella abietis-concoloris @ BPI (22)

Lirula abietis-concoloris @ BPI (1); 669667B (1); 669667A (1)

Lophodermium decorum @ 651489B (1); 651489A (1); 651493A (1); BPI (5); 651493B (1)

Lophodermium nervisequium @ BPI (2)

Lophodermium piceae @ BPI (2)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (2)

Lophodermium @ BPI (9)
Sarcoscyphaceae  Pithya vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Schizoporaceae  Hyphodontia pallidula @ BPI (4)
Seuratiaceae  Atichia glomerulosa @ BPI (2)
Siricidae  Sirex longicauda @ UCRC_ENT (5)

Urocerus californicus @ UCRC_ENT (14)

Xeris indecisus @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Sistotremataceae  Trechispora vaga @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia arguta @ BPI (1)
Stephanidae  Schlettererius cinctipes @ UCRC_ENT (3)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (9)

Aleurodiscus cerussatus @ BPI (1)

Aleurodiscus grantii @ BPI (1)

Aleurodiscus lividocoeruleus @ BPI (2)

Gloeocystidiellum citrinum @ BPI (1)

Gloeocystidiellum porosum @ BPI (1)

Stereum chailletii @ BPI (2)

Stereum regisporum @ BPI (1)

Stereum rugisporum @ BPI (1)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (4)

Stereum sulcatum @ BPI (1)
Strophariaceae  Pholiota adiposa @ BPI (3)

Pholiota @ BPI (5)
Syrphidae  Milesia fructuosa @ BPI (5)
Thelephoraceae  Tomentella crinalis @ BPI (1)
Thyreocoridae  Corimelaena lateralis @ UCR_ENT (1)
Timematidae  Timema bartmani @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Ulvaceae  Solenia candida @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Cytospora friesii @ BPI (1)

Cytospora pini @ BPI (1)

Cytospora @ BPI (3)

Valsa abietis @ BPI (1)

Valsa @ 389758B (1)
Venturiaceae  Venturia barbula @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon diathrauston @ BPI (3)

Hypoxylon thouarsianum @ BPI (1)
_  Bothrodiscus pinicola @ BPI (3)

Calyptospora columnaris @ 146974A (1); 146973A (1); 146974B (1); 146973B (1); BPI (8)

Cryptocline abietina @ BPI (1)

Diplozythia @ 389758A (1); BPI (13)

Dothiorellina quickii @ BPI (1)

Lophodermina autumnalis @ BPI (1)

Myxosporium @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia subcoronata @ BPI (2)

Pellicularia vaga @ BPI (2)

Porothelium fimbriatum @ BPI (1)

Rehmiellopsis abietis @ 610004A (1); 610004B (1); BPI (1)

Rehmiellopsis balsameae @ BPI (17)

Rehmiellopsis bohemica @ BPI (6)

Sclerotiopsis piceana @ BPI (2)

Scoleconectria balsamea @ BPI (7)

Scoleconectria cucurbitula @ BPI (2)

Scoleconectria scolecospora @ BPI (1)

Stegopezizella balsameae @ 669659B (1); 669660B (1); 669659C (1); 669660A (1); BPI (3); 669663B (1); 669659A (1); 669663A (1); 669660C (1)

Thyronectria balsamea @ BPI (2)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (6)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Abies

8. Abies concolor (Gordon & Glendinning) Hildebrand, Verh. Naturhist. Vereines Preuss. Rheinl. Westphalens. 18: 261. 1861.

White fir, Rocky Mountain white fir, pino real blanco

Picea concolor Gordon & Glendinning, Pinetum, 155. 1858

Trees to 40m; trunk to 0.9m diam.; crown spirelike. Bark gray, thin, smooth, with age thickening (to 18cm) and breaking into deep longitudinal furrows, often revealing yellowish inner periderm, appearing "corky." Branches diverging from trunk at right angles, the lower often spreading and drooping in age; twigs mostly opposite, glabrous or with yellowish pubescence. Buds exposed, either yellowish and nearly conic (when large) or brownish and nearly globose (when small), resinous, apex rounded to pointed; basal scales equilaterally triangular, glabrous, not resinous, margins entire, apex sharp-pointed. Leaves 1.5--6cm ´ 2--3mm, mostly 2-ranked, flexible, proximal portion ±straight; cross section flat, sometimes slightly grooved adaxially; odor pungent, frequently camphorlike; abaxial surface glaucous, with 4--7 stomatal rows on each side of midrib; adaxial surface grayish green, glaucous, with (7--)12(--18) stomatal rows at midleaf, these usually fewer toward leaf apex; apex usually rounded, sometimes acute or notched; resin canals small, near margins and abaxial epidermal layer. Pollen cones at pollination ± red, purple, or ± green. Seed cones cylindric, 7--12 ´ 3--4.5cm, olive-green, sessile, apex round; scales ca. 2.5--3 ´ 3--3.5cm, pubescent; bracts included. Seeds 8--12 × 3mm, body tan; wing about twice as long as body, tan with rosy tinge; cotyledons 5--7. 2 n =24.

Coniferous forests; 1700--3400m; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., Utah; Mexico in Baja California, Sonora.

Abies concolor is a western catchall species for firs with green seed cones and with glaucous adaxial leaf surfaces. Many of these populations have long been isolated geographically and genetically. A geographic cluster of populations in Utah has shorter leaves and slightly different terpene patterns than a similar cluster of populations in Colorado and northern New Mexico (J.W. Wright et al. 1971; E.Zavarin et al. 1975). Another large geographic cluster, in southern New Mexico and Arizona, seems to be strongly linked chemically to Colorado populations (E.Zavarin et al. 1975) and morphologically to southern California populations (J.L. Hamrick and W.J. Libby 1972). Northern California populations with pubescent twigs and notched leaves are unique, as are the Baja California populations with very short, thick leaves and about 18 adaxial stomatal rows. In Los Padres National Forest of coastal southern California and in the Cascades of northern California, apparent introgression with A . lowiana (E.Zavarin et al. 1975; J.L. Hamrick and W.J. Libby 1972) has occurred. Many consider A . lowiana (given specific rank in this treatment) as a synonym of A . concolor or place it in an infraspecific rank under that species.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Hamrick, J.L. and W.J. Libby. 1972. Variation and selection in western U.S. montane species. I. White fir. Silvae Genet. 21: 29--35. Wright, J.W., W.A. Lemmien, and J.N. Bright. 1971. Genetic variation in southern Rocky Mountain white fir. Silvae Genet. 20: 148--150. Zavarin,E., K.Snajberk, and J.Fisher. 1975. Geographic variability of monoterpenes from the cortex of Abies concolor . Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 3: 191--203.

Updated: 2024-04-25 03:54:37 gmt
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