D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Abies magnifica A. Murray
CALIFORNIA RED FIR
Abies magnifica var magnifica; Shasta red fir

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Abies


Click on map for details about points.

Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Mindarus abietinus @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Arcyriaceae  Arcyria versicolor @ BPI (1)
Atheliaceae  Athelia munda @ BPI (2)

Athelia raunkiaeri @ BPI (1)

Leptosporomyces mundus @ BPI (1)
Bertiaceae  Bertia moriformis @ BPI (2)
Boreostereaceae  Columnocystis abietina @ BPI (1)
Botryobasidiaceae  Botryobasidium ansosum @ BPI (2)

Botryobasidium subcoronatum @ BPI (1)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora olivacea @ BPI (2)

Serpula lacrymans @ BPI (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium cremoricolor @ BPI (1)

Corticium galactinum @ BPI (1)

Corticium luridum @ BPI (1)

Corticium radiosum @ BPI (1)

Corticium roseum @ BPI (1)

Corticium scutellare @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces deliquescens @ BPI (2)

Guepiniopsis alpina @ BPI (12)
Dermateaceae  Patinella abietina @ BPI (1)
Echinodontiaceae  Echinodontium tinctorium @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Pseudohydnum gelatinosum @ BPI (1)
Helminthosphaeriaceae  Diplococcium indivisum @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium @ 664452B (1); BPI (1); 664452A (1)

Durella compressa @ BPI (1)

Godronia abieticola @ BPI (1)

Tympanis pinastri @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (2)

Dasyscyphus arida @ BPI (8)

Hyaloscypha stevensonii @ BPI (4)

Lachnellula chrysophthalma @ BPI (2)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete rugispora @ BPI (2)
Hypocreaceae  Trichoderma viride @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium acuminatum @ BPI (1)

Hysterographium formosum @ BPI (2)
Lachnocladiaceae  Scytinostroma jacksonii @ BPI (1)

Vararia granulosa @ BPI (1)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Lasiosphaeria stuppea @ BPI (1)

Lasiosphaeria vermicularia @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Herpotrichia nigra @ BPI (4)
Marasmiaceae  Armillaria mellea @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius armeniacus @ BPI (2)

Merulius atropurpureus @ BPI (1)

Merulius lacrimans @ BPI (1)

Merulius serpens @ BPI (4)

Phlebia albida @ BPI (5)

Phlebia melleopallens @ BPI (1)

Phlebia merismoides @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Deraeocoris brevis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Deraeocoris incertus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Deraeocoris schuhi @ AMNH_PBI (9)

Phytocoris nigrifrons @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phytocoris sagax @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria magnusiana @ BPI (1)
Nitschkiaceae  Acanthonitschkea coloradensis @ BPI (2)
Odontotremataceae  Odontotrema minus @ BPI (1)

Odontotrema @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora affinis @ 1106681B (1)

Peniophora duplex @ BPI (1)

Peniophora subulata @ BPI (1)

Peniophora violaceolivida @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Chlorochroa congrua @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Polyporaceae  Cryptoporus volvatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes annosus @ BPI (3)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes nigrolimitatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes officinalis @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (1)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (1)

Hirschioporus laricinus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus alboluteus @ BPI (7)

Polyporus berkeleyi @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus leucospongia @ BPI (6)

Polyporus oregonensis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pes-caprae @ BPI (1)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus volvatus @ BPI (2)

Poria candidissima @ BPI (1)

Poria ferrugineofusca @ BPI (2)

Poria lenis @ BPI (4)

Poria stellae @ BPI (1)

Poria subincarnata @ BPI (1)

Trametes americana @ BPI (2)
Psathyrellaceae  Ozonium @ BPI (1)
Psyllidae  Cacopsylla curta @ CSCA_TCN (8)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsorella caryophyllacearum @ BPI (2)

Melampsorella cerastii @ BPI (2)

Melampsorella elatina @ BPI (6)

Pucciniastrum goeppertianum @ BPI (3)
Pyronemataceae  Humaria scutellata @ BPI (2)
Reduviidae  Rasahus sulcicollis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Rasahus @ AMNH_PBI (12)

Rhynocoris @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Zelus tetracanthus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Hypoderma abietinum @ BPI (3)

Hypoderma robustum @ BPI (3)

Hypodermella abietis-concoloris @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium autumnale @ BPI (1)
Sarcosomataceae  Pseudoplectania fulgens @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis cinerea @ BPI (1)
Serpulidae  Serpula silvestris @ BPI (4)
Sistotremataceae  Trechispora brinkmannii @ BPI (1)

Trechispora sphaerospora @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (1)

Gloeocystidiellum lividum @ BPI (1)

Stereum rugisporum @ BPI (5)

Stereum sulcatum @ BPI (1)
Strophariaceae  Hypholoma fasciculare @ BPI (1)

Pholiota adiposa @ BPI (1)

Pholiota spectabilis @ BPI (1)

Pholiota @ BPI (11)
Syrphidae  Milesia fructuosa @ BPI (4)
Tremellaceae  Tremella lutescens @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Mycena overholtsii @ BPI (1)
Trichosphaeriaceae  Trichosphaeria solaris @ BPI (1)
Tubulicrinaceae  Tubulicrinis chaetophora @ BPI (1)

Tubulicrinis gracillimus @ BPI (1)
Tulasnellaceae  Tulasnella fuscoviolacea @ BPI (1)

Tulasnella violacea @ BPI (1)
Ulvaceae  Solenia candida @ BPI (2)
Xenasmataceae  Xenasma filicinum @ BPI (3); 1106681A (1)

Xenasmatella tulasmoidea @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Rosellinia corticium @ BPI (1)
_  Aurantiporellus alboluteus @ BPI (1)

Calyptospora columnaris @ BPI (1)

Clithris crispa @ BPI (6)

Cylindrocolla @ BPI (1)

Neopeckia coulteri @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia ansosa @ BPI (2)

Pellicularia pruinata @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia subcoronata @ BPI (3)

Secotium nubigenum @ BPI (6)

Septonema dendryphioides @ BPI (1)

Spongiporus leucospongia @ BPI (1)

Tremellodon gelatinosum @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://conifers.org/pi/Abies_magnifica.php

Following served from Southern Illinois University
   
Top | See original context

Following modified from US Forest Service
   
Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.na.fs.fed.us:80 (Name or service not known) http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/abies/magnifica.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 (Name or service not known) http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/amagnifica.htm

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 2 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Abies

10. Abies magnifica A. Murray bis, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London. 3: 318. 1863.

California red fir, Shasta red fir

Trees to 57m; trunk to 2.5m diam.; crown narrowly conic. Bark grayish, thin, with age thickening and becoming deeply furrowed with ridges being often 4 times wider than furrows, plates reddish. Branches ascending in upper crown, descending in lower crown; twigs opposite to whorled, light yellow to ± tan, reddish pubescent for 1--2 years. Buds hidden by leaves or exposed, usually dark brown, ovoid, small, not resinous or with resin drop near tip, apex rounded; basal scales short, broad, equilaterally triangular, densely pubescent, not resinous, margins entire to crenate, apex sharp-pointed. Leaves 2--3.7cm ´ 2mm, mostly 1-ranked, flexible, the proximal portion often appressed to twig for 2--3mm (best seen on abaxial surface of twig), distal portion divergent; cross section flat, with or without weak groove adaxially toward leaf base, or cross section 3--4-sided on fertile branches; odor camphorlike; abaxial surface with 2 glaucous bands, each band with 4--5 stomatal rows; adaxial surface blue-green to silvery blue, with single glaucous band that may divide into 2 toward leaf base, band with (8--)10(--13) stomatal rows at midleaf; apex rounded or, on fertile branches, somewhat pointed; resin canals small, near margins and abaxial epidermal layer. Pollen cones at pollination ± purple or reddish brown. Seed cones oblong-cylindric, 15--20 ´ 7--10cm, purple at first but becoming yellowish brown or greenish brown, sessile, apex round; scales ca. 3 ´ 4cm, pubescent; bracts included to exserted and reflexed (Shasta red fir) over scales. Seeds 15 ´ 6mm, body dark reddish brown; wing about as long as body, rose; cotyledons 7--8. 2 n =24.

Mixed coniferous forests; 1400--2700m; Calif., Nev., Oreg.

Abies magnifica often exists in extensive high elevation stands in the Sierra Nevada; its close relative A . procera occurs in small mountaintop populations relatively isolated from one another. As expected for isolated populations, A . procera produces large interpopulation variation in morphology (J.Maze and W.H. Parker 1983) and chemistry (E.Zavarin et al. 1978). Where the two species meet in southern Oregon and northern California, many populations are intermediate; these have been called A . magnifica var. shastensis Lemmon. The status of such intermediates is unsettled. They may be accepted as hybrids between A . magnifica and A . procera (Liu T. S. 1971) or, alternatively, the paleontological record suggests that the two species may have originated from the intermediates (E.Zavarin et al. 1978). Individuals from this region should be assigned to A . magnifica , A . procera , or A . magnifica × procera (E.L. Parker 1963), depending on the morphologic criteria selected to differentiate the species, though clearly these individuals are genetically quite different from those near the type localities of the two species.

An extensive study of this variation, as proposed by E.Zavarin et al. (1978), is warranted. Such a study should consider data from the type localities as a basis of comparison. Moreover, to evaluate this situation critically, one should first determine if any genetic exchange occurs between Abies lasiocarpa and A . procera that may complicate an evaluation.

Updated: 2024-04-13 16:58:00 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation