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Abudefduf concolor (Gill, 1862)
NIGHT SERGEANT
Panamic night-sergeant

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Pomacentridae   Abudefduf

Abudefduf concolor
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Abudefduf concolor

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Abudefduf concolor
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Abudefduf concolor
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • dark + 4-5 pale bars
  • bone under eye: fused to cheek
  • bone under eye: edge covered by scales
Pacific night-sergeant

Dorsal rays XIII,12-13 (usually 13); anal rays II,10; pectoral rays 18-20; lateral-line scales 19-21; gill rakers on first arch 20-25; greatest body depth 54-59% of standard length; suborbital bone under eye fused to cheek, its lower border completely covered with scales.

Head golden brown; body grey with 4-5 relatively narrow whitish bars; most of body scales with narrow dark outline; narrow blackish bar or wedge-shaped mark on pectoral-fin base; lips whitish.


Maximum size to 19 cm.

Inhabits rocky inshore reefs exposed to wave action.

Depth: 0-5 m.

El Salvador to Peru, including the Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 5 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: sessile molluscs; sessile crustacea; sessile worms; benthic microalgae.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=14; Southern limit=-6; Western limit=-93; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=20; Longitudinal range=15.
Egg Type: Benthic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Omnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 19 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Marine.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Cuesta, T.C., 1932., Lista de los peces de las costas de la Baja California., Inst. Biol. Mexico, Anal, 3(1):75-80.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Gill, T.N., 1862., Catalogue of the fishes of Lower California in the Smithsonian Institution, collected by Mr. J. Xantus. Part 1., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 14:140-151.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part II., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1241-2183.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Orellana, J.J., 1985., Marine Fishes of Los Cóbanos: Fishes of El Salvador., Sigma Found:126pp.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
  • Victor, B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2000., Endemism and the pelagic larval duration of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean., Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205:241-248.
  • Wellington, G. M. and Victor, B. C., 1989., Planktonic larval duration of one hundred species of Pacific and Atlantic damselfishes (Pomacentridae)., Marine Biology, 101:557-567.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Abudefduf concolor (Gill , 1862)

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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Abudefduf concolor   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Abudefduf concolor Abudefduf concolor
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Abudefduf: Arabic, abu = father; this fish is the leader of the reef against other species (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 12 m (Ref. 55763 ).   Tropical; 27°N - 50°S, 113°W - 7°W (Ref. 56016 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: lower Gulf of California to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 28023 ); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines : 2; Anal soft rays : 10 - 12. Color dark brown, becoming lighter ventrally. Six vertical stripes of about eye diameter in width on the sides, the first running from the top of the head and the sixth from the posterior base of the dorsal fin.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rocky inshore reefs exposed to wave action (Ref. 9334 ). Omnivorous (Ref. 9334 ). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205 ). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205 ). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Allen, Gerald R. | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. , 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 27 May 2007

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 22.9 - 29.1, mean 27.3 (based on 227 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.00812 - 0.04471), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.7   ±0.30 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .

Entered by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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