Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)
Dorsal-fin rays IX, 26-28 ; anal-fin rays III, 25-26 ; pectoral-fin rays 17. Body brown; a round black spot at upper gill opening; dark blue line just below the bases of dorsal and anal fins. Dorsal fin with soft part with longer base than spinous part. Minute scales. A dark brown area surrounding latral spine on caudal peduncle. Large males develop highly convex foreheads that extend beyond the mouth.
Generally found at depths 10 - 50m on outer reef slopes and drop offs. Found singly or in pairs. Feeds on algal film on bare rocks. Juveniles found in shallow protected reefs, usually between soft coral, in 0.2-3 m depth.
Indo-West Pacific: Mozambique and Maldives to the western Pacific. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Lanyu, Lyudao, East.
: 25 - 26. Body brown; a round black spot at upper gill opening; dark blue line just below the bases of dorsal and anal fins. Dorsal fin with soft part having longer base than spinous part. Minute scales. Gill rakers in anterior row 19-23, posterior 22-24. A dark brown area surrounding the caudal spine. Large males develop highly convex foreheads that extend beyond the mouth (Ref.
Occurs in clear seaward reef slopes, below 15 m, usually below 30 m (Ref.
). Adults mainly on deep coastal reef slopes and outer reef walls (Ref.
). Found singly or in pairs (Ref.
). Feeds on algal film on bare rocks (Ref.
). Juveniles found in shallow protected reefs, usually between soft coral, in 0.2-3 m depth (Ref.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 24.5 - 28.4, mean 27.5 (based on 214 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02344 (0.01103 - 0.04981), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Capuli, Estelita Emily
Capuli, Estelita Emily
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