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Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931)
JAPAN SURGEONFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Acanthuridae   Acanthurus


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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Acanthuridae  
 Genus Acanthurus  
  Acanthurus japonicus    (Schmidt, 1931) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Acanthurus japonica Acanthurus japonicas Hepatus aliala japonicus   details
Citation: Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Character: Dorsal-fin rays IX, 27-30; anal-fin rays III, 25-27; pectoral-fin rays 15-16. Body black, shading to bright yellow on caudal peduncle; A broad white band from eye to upper lips. Dorsal and aual fins black with a yellow line at base that broadens posteriorly. A large hemispherical yellow spot at pectoral fin base. 
Habitat: Occurs on outer reef crests and slopes to about 20m depth. Found in shallow exposed areas Usually occurs in small to large aggregations. Feed on filamentous algae. 
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia to Philippines and Ryukyu Islands. Taiwan: South, Lanyu, Lyudao, East.  
Utility: Commercial aquarium species. 
Name Code: 381264
  IUCN Red List:LC      
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Acanthurus&speciesname=japonicus ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Acanthurus&speciesname=japonicus
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Acanthurus&speciesname=japonicus ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Acanthurus-japonicus.html

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Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt , 1931)

Japan surgeonfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Acanthurus japonicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Acanthurus japonicus (Japan surgeonfish) Acanthurus japonicus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 48637 ), usually 5 - 15 m (Ref. 27115 ).   Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Sulawesi (Indonesia) to Philippines and Ryukyu Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 28-31; Anal soft rays : 26 - 29. A broad white band extending from lower edge of eye to upper lip. A bright orange band in outer part of soft portion of dorsal fin. Caudal peduncle yellow, shading to black a short distance anteriorly. Base of pectoral fins yellow (Ref 9808).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

In clear lagoon and seaward reefs, usually in shallow exposed areas. Found in small to large aggregations (Ref. 48637 ). Sometimes solitary (Ref. 90102 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Lieske, E. and R. Myers , 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 03 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 25.8 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 1775 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.00889 - 0.04085), b=2.95 (2.78 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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