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Agave sisalana Perrine

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Agavaceae   Agave


Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia agaves @ 368568B (1); 368568A (1)

Diplodia cacaoicola @ BPI (1)

Dothiorella agavicola @ BPI (2)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria agaves @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum agaves @ 396610A (1); BPI (13); 396610B (1); 396610C (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium semitectum @ BPI (1)

Nectria peziza @ BPI (1)
Parodiopsidaceae  Stomatogene agaves @ BPI (1)
Plectosphaerellaceae  Verticillium @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Leptostroma vestita @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
_  Botryodiplodia agaves @ BPI (2)

Sporidesmium @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AGSI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AGSI2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AGSI2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AGSI2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AGSI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AGSI2
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Agave sisalana Perrine
sisal hemp

Image of Agave sisalana

General Information
Symbol: AGSI2
Group: Monocot
Family: Agavaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : HI   I
L48   I
PB   I
PR   I
VI   I
Other Common Names: malina
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Agave thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . Cayman Islands, Grand Cayman. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . Cayman Islands, Grand Cayman. Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
AGRIS Agave rigida Mill. var. sisalana (Perrine) Engelm.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Agavaceae – Century-plant family
Genus Agave L. – agave
Species Agave sisalana Perrine – sisal hemp

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Agave sisalana sisal This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1999. Invasive plant list . Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Florida.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean UPL
Hawaii FACU
North America
Arid West UPL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (AGSI2)
Flora of North America (AGSI2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AGRIS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AGSI2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (AGSI2)
Related Websites
Brigham Young University fiber crop image (AGSI2)
Purdue University, Center for New Crops & Plants Products: Proceedings (AGSI2)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 443, 444, 445, 454 , 455 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Agavaceae | Agave

14. Agave sisalana Perrine, Trop. Pl. 87. 1838.


Plants short-stemmed, commonly suckering with elongate rhizomes, trunks 0.4—1 m; rosettes not cespitose, 15—20 × 15—25 dm. Leaves spreading, 90—130 × 9—12 cm; blade green, slightly cross-zoned when immature, lanceolate, firm, adaxially plane, abaxially slightly convex; margins straight, finely fibrous, typically unarmed, teeth single prickles when present, 1—2 mm, 2—5+ cm apart; apical spine dark brown, subulate, 2—2.5 cm. Scape 5—6 m. Inflorescences paniculate, open, often bulbiferous; bracts persistent, triangular, 0.5—2 cm; lateral branches 10—15(—25), ascending, comprising distal 1/2 of inflorescence, longer than 10 cm. Flowers erect, 5.5—6.5 cm; perianth greenish yellow, tube urceolate, 15—18 × 10—12 mm, limb lobes erect, equal, 17—18 mm; stamens long-exserted; filaments inserted ca. mid perianth tube, erect, yellow, 5—6 cm; anthers yellow, 20—25 mm; ovary 2—2.5 cm, neck slightly constricted, 2—4 mm. Capsules not seen. Seeds unknown. 2n = 138, 147, 149, 150.

Flowering winter--early spring. Sandy places along roadsides and in hammocks; 0 m; introduced; Fla.; s Mexico.

Agave sisalana is frequently cultivated for its fiber and ornamental value. The plant is not known from the wild. As with A. desmettiana, capsules and seeds of this species are unknown. Capsules are known from A. kewensis (native to Chiapas), A. neglecta, and A. weberi, although no mature seeds have been observed. It may be that all are anciently selected cultivars that now persist only by vegetative means. None save A. kewensis is thought to occur in the wild. Plants similar to those found in Florida are known from Chiapas. Agave sisalana is an important source of fiber and probably was widely distributed by pre-Columbian people.

Updated: 2020-08-12 04:49:24 gmt
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