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Alectis ciliaris (Bloch, 1787)
PENNANTFISH
African Pompano; Pennant Fish; Pennant-fish; Round-headed Pennantfish; Threadfin Trevally; Zeus ciliaris Bloch, 1787

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Carangidae   Alectis

Alectis ciliaris
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Overview
Main identification features Dorsal rays VII (embedded and not visible in adults) + I,18-22; anal rays II + I,18-20; gill rakers on first arch (excluding rudiments) 4-6 + 12-17; lateral line with a pronounced, moderately long arch anteriorly; straight part of lateral line with 12-30 scutes an tail base; body superficially scaleless (scales actually minute and embedded where present); readily distinguished by its highly compressed boy, steep angular forehead, and juveniles with extremely long and filamentous anterior dorsal and anal fin rays.

Silvery with light metallic bluish tinge dorsally; a small dark diffuse spot on upper end of gill opening; juveniles with 5 chevron-shaped bars on body.

Maximum size to 150 cm; at least 22.7 kg.

Habitat: adults solitary in coastal seas, young usually pelagic and drifting.

Depth: 0-100 m.

Worldwide in tropical seas; southern Baja and the SW and SE Gulf of California to Peru, the Revillagigedos, Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 100 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=28; Southern limit=-4; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=32; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans); East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West); Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America); East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Sand & gravel; Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 150 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Eastern Pacific non-endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Mid Water; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Bloch, M. E., 1787., Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische. Berlin., Naturg. Ausl. Fische, 3:1-146.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Cuesta, T.C., 1932., Lista de los peces de las costas de la Baja California., Inst. Biol. Mexico, Anal, 3(1):75-80.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Franke , R. and Acero P., A., 1993., Peces Carangoideos del Parque Gorgona, Pacific Colombiano (Osteichthyes: Carangidae, Nemastistiidae y Coryphaenidae)., Revista de Biología Marina, Valparaiso, 28:51-73.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1925., The marine fishes of Panama. Part II., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:331-707.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Orellana, J.J., 1985., Marine Fishes of Los Cóbanos: Fishes of El Salvador., Sigma Found:126pp.
  • Reed , D. L. , deGravelle , M. J. and Carpenter, K. E., 2001., Molecular systematics of Selene (Perciformes: Carangidae) based on Cytochrome b sequences., Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 21(3):468-475.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

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You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » PERCOIDEI (Suborder) » CARANGIDAE (Family) » Alectis Rafinesque, 1815 (Genus) » Alectis ciliaris (Bloch, 1787)

Species Alectis ciliaris (Bloch, 1787)

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CAAB : 37337018 Taxon concept Alectis_ciliaris last modified 2012-12-13 18:07:48.331

Species Alectis ciliaris (Bloch, 1787)

Pennantfish , African Pompano, Pennant Fish, Pennant-fish, Round-headed Pennantfish, Threadfin Trevally

 

Generic Combinations

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Dunsborough, WA (33º36´S) to Mallacoota, VIC (37º32´S), Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island (M. Francis pers. comm. ); tropical, circumglobal.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Lord Howe Province (14), Norfolk Island Province (21), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, inshore, marine, pelagic, soft bottom.

Extra Ecological Information

To 100 m.

 

General References

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [112]

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes . Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [308]

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers . Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [58]

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [177]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5 : 145–329 [191]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [131] (843)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [157]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [157]

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia . Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [158]

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. [2684]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [44] (1051)

 

Common Name References

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes . Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. [189] (Pennant-fish)

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes . Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [308] (African Pompano)

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers . Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [130] (Pennant Fish)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [177] (Threadfin Trevally)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [157] ( Pennantfish )

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia . Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [158] (Round-headed Pennantfish)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Pennantfish )

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. [2684] (FAO) (African Pompano)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
13-Dec-2012 13-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Carangidae  
 Genus Alectis  
  Alectis ciliaris    (Bloch, 1787) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Alectes ciliaris Alectis breviventralis Alectis cilaris Alectis cilliaris Alectis crinitus Alectis temmincki Blepharichthys crinitus Blepharis ciliaris Blepharis crinitus Blepharis fasciatus Blepharis indicus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); Lin & Shao(1999)
Character: D. VII (embedded and not apparent with growth), I+18; A. II (embedded and not apparent with growth), I+15-16; P. i+17-18; G.R. 4-6+14-15; scutes feeble, 12-25; vertebrate 10+14. Profile of nape and head broadly rounded. Suborbital width equal to or narrower than eye diameter. Scales minute and embedded, apparently naked; scutes weak. Villiform teeth on bands in both jaws. Anterior rays of second dorsal and of anal fins produced into filaments in young, becoming shorter with growth. Lateral line strongly arched, becoming straight below 11-12th ray of second dorsal fin; arched portion longer than straight. No finlets. 
Habitat: Pelagic in neritic and oceanic waters, sometimes near the bottom Small juveniles may be found near the shore ; adults are usurally solitary and frequent shallow coastal waters to depths of 60 -100 m. Feeds on sedentary or slow moving crustaceans and occa 
Distribution: Circumtropical in marine waters; widespread in the tropical Indo-West Pacific; widespread in coastal waters of Taiwan. 
Utility: Excellent food fish; marketed fresh, salted or dries.Juveniles are attractive aquarium fish, but do not do well in captivity. 
Name Code: 381505
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Alectis&speciesname=ciliaris ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Alectis-ciliaris.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Alectis-ciliaris.html ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Alectis-ciliaris.html
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Alectis ciliaris (Bloch , 1787)

African pompano Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range
Reviewed map
Alectis ciliaris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Sounds | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Alectis ciliaris (African pompano) Alectis ciliaris
Picture by Johnson, L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Alectis: One of three Erinyes in the Greek mythology; daughter of Acheronte with a terrible rage ;   ciliaris: CAS_SPC=34888 with Selene vomer.   More on author: Bloch .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 60 - 100 m (Ref. 37816 ).   Subtropical; 42°N - 34°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Worldwide in tropical seas. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA and Bermuda to Santos, Brazil; throughout the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 9626 ). Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Congo. Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to Algoa Bay, South Africa and to Sri Lanka (Ref. 3197 , 3287 ). Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 ); common length : 100.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 ); max. published weight: 22.9 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-22; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 15 - 20.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Pelagic in neritic and oceanic waters, sometimes near the bottom (Ref. 5217 , 58302 ). Small juveniles may be found near the shore (Ref. 5217 ); adults near bottom to depths of 60 m (Ref. 26938 ). Feed on sedentary or slow moving crustaceans and occasionally feed on small crabs and fishes (Ref. 9283 ). Juveniles are attractive aquarium fish, but do not do well in captivity (Ref. 12484 ). Excellent food fish (Ref. 9626 ); marketed fresh or dried or salted (Ref. 9283 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley , 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 27 March 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 31174 )




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Eggs
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Tools

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | OsteoBase( skull , spine ) | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 16.4 - 27.8, mean 24.8 (based on 400 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01326 - 0.03610), b=2.85 (2.71 - 2.99), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref.