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Alnus incana (L. ) Moench
GREY ALDER
Betula alnus var incana L; Gray alder; Speckled Alder; Alnus hirsuta; Alnus rugosa; Alnus tenuifolia

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Betulaceae   Alnus

Alnus incana
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Alnus incana

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Names
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Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  flower @ I_TAY (2)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albatrellaceae  Albatrellus syringae @ BPI (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia alnea @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Myzocallis ( @ NCSU (1)

Myzocallis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Prociphilus ( @ AMNH_PBI (13); NCSU (2)

Pterocallis alnifoliae @ AMNH_PBI (2); NCSU (13)
Atheliaceae  Athelia epiphylla @ BPI (1)

Plicatura nivea @ BPI (1)

Tylospora asterophora @ BPI (1)

Tylospora fibrillosa @ BPI (1)
Auriculariaceae  Auricularia mesenterica @ BPI (1)
Bertiaceae  Bertia moriformis @ BPI (2)
Boliniaceae  Camarops microspora @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria @ BPI (1)

Dothiorella inversa @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta alni-glutinosae @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta glutinosae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis alnicola @ BPI (2)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Praon @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Calosphaeriaceae  Calosphaeria alnicola @ BPI (1)
Capnodiaceae  Scorias spongiosa @ BPI (12)
Chaetosphaeriaceae  Menispora glauca @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca fabae @ III (1)

Erythridula nitida @ III (1)

Oncopsis tenuifoliae @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Ribautiana unca @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Clavariaceae  Clavaria contorta @ BPI (2)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora betulae @ BPI (1)

Coniophora cerebella @ BPI (1)

Coniophora puteana @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium comedens @ BPI (1)

Corticium confluens @ BPI (2)

Corticium effuscatum @ BPI (1)

Corticium giganteum @ BPI (1)

Corticium hydnans @ BPI (1)

Corticium lacteum @ BPI (1)

Corticium pallidovirens @ BPI (3)

Corticium scutellare @ BPI (3)

Corticium stramineum @ BPI (1)

Cytidia salicina @ BPI (2)
Corynidae  Coryne sarcoides @ BPI (5)
Cyphellaceae  Cyphella bresadolae @ BPI (1)

Cyphella conglobata @ BPI (2)

Cyphella fasciculata @ BPI (26)
Dermateaceae  Chlorosplenium aeruginosum @ BPI (2)

Cylindrosporium vermiforme @ BPI (4)

Dermea furfuracea @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium alneum @ BPI (5)

Gloeosporium cylindrospermum @ 394548B (1); 394548A (1); BPI (2)

Gloeosporium suecicum @ BPI (2)

Hainesia minutissima @ BPI (1)

Mollisia benesuada @ BPI (6)

Pezicula alnicola @ BPI (4)

Pezicula @ BPI (1)

Tapesia fusca @ BPI (8)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe marginalis @ BPI (2)

Diaporthe pyrrhocystis @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis alnea @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Anthostoma helvetica @ BPI (1)

Anthostoma microsporum @ BPI (8)

Diatrype moroides @ BPI (1)

Diatrype stigma @ BPI (2)

Diatrypella decorata @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella discoidea @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella intermedia @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella placenta @ BPI (2)

Diatrypella tocciaeana @ BPI (9)

Diatrypella verruciformis @ BPI (3)

Eutypella alpina @ BPI (5)

Eutypella cerviculata @ BPI (15)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe aggregata @ BPI (30)

Microsphaera alni @ 555554A (1); 555568A (1); 555562C (1); 555568B (1); 555556D (1); BPI (16); 555556A (1); 555562A (1); 555556B (1); 555560B (1); 555562D (1); 555562B (1); 555556C (1); 555560A (1); 555554B (1)

Microsphaera penicillata @ BPI (5)

Phyllactinia corylea @ 606011A (1); BPI (27); 606011B (1)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (10); 607155A (1); 607155B (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (16)

Exidia recisa @ BPI (1)

Exidia repanda @ BPI (1)
Fenestellaceae  Fenestella macrospora @ BPI (2)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (10)

Daedalea unicolor @ BPI (4)
Gnomoniaceae  Cryptosporella hypodermia @ BPI (1)

Gnomonia alniella @ BPI (1)

Gnomoniella lutaeformis @ 596569B (1); 596569A (1)

Gnomoniella tubiformis @ BPI (1)

Ophiognomonia ischnostyla @ BPI (1)

Ophiovalsa suffusa @ BPI (1)

Xenotypa aterrima @ BPI (1)
Hapalopilaceae  Bjerkandera colliculosa @ BPI (1)

Bjerkandera serpula @ BPI (1)

Ceriporia viridans @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium furfuraceum @ BPI (7)

Chlorociboria aeruginosa @ BPI (1)

Tympanis alnea @ BPI (40)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete agglutinans @ BPI (2)

Hymenochaete cinnamomea @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (6)

Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (10)

Inonotus radiatus @ BPI (2)

Phellinus igniarius @ BPI (1)

Xanthochrous radiatus @ BPI (1)
Hyphodermataceae  Hypochnicium eichleri @ BPI (2)

Hypochnicium sphaerosporum @ BPI (1)

Subulicystidium longisporum @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea parmastoi @ BPI (1)

Hypocrea rufa @ BPI (3)

Trichoderma lignorum @ BPI (2)
Lachnocladiaceae  Vararia effuscata @ BPI (1)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Lasiosphaeria hispida @ BPI (1)
Lygaeidae  Kleidocerys @ AMNH_PBI (12)
Magnaporthaceae  Clasterosporium wroblewskii @ BPI (2)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconis alni @ BPI (1)

Melanconis marginalis @ BPI (4)

Melanconis thelebola @ BPI (23); 615192B (1); 615192A (1)

Melanconium apiocarpum @ BPI (6)

Melanconium bicolor @ 402209B (1); 402209A (1); BPI (1); 402210A (1); 402210B (1)

Melanconium didymoideum @ BPI (6); 402300B (1); 402300A (1)

Melanconium sphaeroideum @ BPI (7)

Prosthecium auctum @ BPI (1)

Pseudovalsa thelebola @ BPI (2)

Pseudovalsella thelebola @ BPI (2)
Melanommataceae  Melanomma phaeum @ BPI (1)

Melanomma pulvis-pyrius @ BPI (3)
Membracidae  Carynota marmorata @ NCSU (2)
Meruliaceae  Merulius corium @ BPI (1)

Merulius niveus @ BPI (20)

Merulius rufus @ BPI (1)

Phlebia albida @ BPI (1)

Phlebia aurantiaca @ BPI (3)

Phlebia radiata @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Blepharidopterus provancheri @ AMNH_IZC (6)

Deraeocoris alnicola @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Orthotylus alni @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus ute @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Plagiognathus suffuscipennis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Psallus falleni @ AMNH_PBI (3); AMNH_IZC (7)

Slaterocoris stygicus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Morchellaceae  Costantinella micheneri @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Didymella punctiformis @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella borealis @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella conglomerata @ BPI (3)

Mycosphaerella punctiformis @ BPI (1)

Passalora bacilligera @ BPI (2)

Passalora microsperma @ BPI (9)

Ramularia alnicola @ BPI (1)

Septoria alni @ BPI (1)

Septoria alnicola @ BPI (1)

Septoria alnifolia @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Cosmospora magnusiana @ BPI (1)

Nectria coccinea @ BPI (1)

Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (3)

Nectria mammoidea @ BPI (1)

Nectria pithoides @ BPI (1)

Nectria purtonii @ BPI (1)

Tubercularia confluens @ BPI (1)

Tubercularia @ BPI (1)
Niessliaceae  Melanopsamma pomiformis @ BPI (2)
Onagraceae  Kneiffia setigera @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora affinis @ BPI (5)

Peniophora aurantiaca @ BPI (14)

Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (8)

Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (1)

Peniophora mutata @ BPI (2)

Peniophora peckii @ BPI (2)

Peniophora setigera @ BPI (4)

Peniophora sordidella @ BPI (1)

Peniophora subalba @ BPI (1)

Peniophora velutina @ BPI (1)

Peniophora violaceolivida @ BPI (3)
Phanerochaetaceae  Phanerochaete laevis @ BPI (1)

Phanerochaete sordida @ BPI (3)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium episphaericum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium macrocarpum @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus @ BPI (4)
Polyporaceae  Coriolus pubescens @ BPI (1)

Fomes conchatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes fomentarius @ BPI (5)

Fomes nigricans @ BPI (1)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (1)

Fomes scutellatus @ BPI (16)

Lenzites trabea @ BPI (1)

Panus stipticus @ BPI (5)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus albellus @ BPI (12)

Polyporus arcularius @ BPI (1)

Polyporus brumalis @ BPI (6)

Polyporus chioneus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus elegans @ BPI (1)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus igniarius @ BPI (1)

Polyporus picipes @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pubescens @ BPI (11)

Polyporus radiatus @ BPI (24)

Polyporus rutilans @ BPI (1)

Polyporus semipileatus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus semisupinus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus trabeus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (3)

Poria canescens @ BPI (2)

Poria eupora @ BPI (1)

Poria ferrea @ BPI (4)

Poria ferruginosa @ BPI (3)

Poria friesiana @ BPI (1)

Poria obliqua @ BPI (1)

Poria punctata @ BPI (4)

Poria rhodella @ BPI (1)

Poria vitellina @ BPI (1)

Trametes inaequalis @ BPI (1)

Trametes rubescens @ BPI (1)
Psyllidae  Psylla alni @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsoridium alni @ BPI (5)

Melampsoridium hiratsukanum @ BPI (6)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (3)
Sclerotiniaceae  Ciboria alni @ BPI (3)

Encoelia furfuracea @ BPI (11)

Sclerotinia alni @ BPI (1)
Sebacinaceae  Sebacina cinnamomea @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex deformis @ BPI (1)

Odontia brinkmannii @ BPI (1)

Odontia crinalis @ BPI (1)

Odontia crustosa @ BPI (1)

Odontia mellea @ BPI (1)

Odontia rimosissima @ BPI (1)

Odontia setigera @ BPI (1)

Odontia @ BPI (1)

Steccherinum alaskense @ BPI (1)

Steccherinum ochraceum @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Gloeocystidiellum citrinum @ BPI (1)

Stereum bicolor @ BPI (1)

Stereum complicatum @ BPI (6)

Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum hirsutum @ BPI (3)

Stereum lobatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum ochraceoflavum @ BPI (1)

Stereum purpureum @ BPI (5)

Stereum rameale @ BPI (1)

Stereum roseocarneum @ BPI (1)

Stereum rufum @ BPI (1)

Stereum rugosum @ BPI (3)

Stereum spadiceum @ BPI (1)

Stereum striatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum subtomentosum @ BPI (1)

Stereum versiforme @ BPI (2)
Strophariaceae  Flammula spumosa @ BPI (1)

Pholiota aurivella @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina alni-incanae @ BPI (11)

Taphrina alni @ BPI (5)

Taphrina alnitorqua @ BPI (4)

Taphrina amentorum @ BPI (21)

Taphrina borealis @ BPI (1)

Taphrina epiphylla @ BPI (34)

Taphrina occidentalis @ BPI (1)

Taphrina robinsoniana @ BPI (22)

Taphrina rugosa @ BPI (1)
Teichosporaceae  Teichospora @ BPI (1)
Thelephoraceae  Tomentella fusca @ BPI (1)
Tingidae  Corythucha coryli @ AMNH_IZC (6)
Tremellaceae  Tremella aurantia @ BPI (1)

Tremella lutescens @ BPI (1)

Tremella mesenterica @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium calyculus @ BPI (1)

Helotium fastidiosum @ BPI (1)

Helotium virgultorum @ BPI (1)

Trogia crispa @ BPI (12)
Typhulaceae  Typhula setipes @ BPI (1)
Ulvaceae  Solenia anomala @ BPI (2)

Solenia ochracea @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Asteroma alni @ BPI (2)

Asteroma alniellum @ BPI (2)

Cryptospora alnicola @ BPI (4)

Cryptospora femoralis @ BPI (8)

Cryptospora suffusa @ BPI (7)

Cytospora diatrypa @ 365047A (1); BPI (5); 365047B (1)

Cytospora truncata @ BPI (3)

Radulum orbiculare @ BPI (5)

Valsa alni @ BPI (1)

Valsa ceratophora @ BPI (3)

Valsa diatrypa @ BPI (2)

Valsa melanodiscus @ BPI (5)

Valsa oxystoma @ BPI (1)

Valsa stenopora @ BPI (2)

Valsa @ BPI (2)

Valsella furva @ BPI (1)

Winterella suffusa @ BPI (2)
Xylariaceae  Daldinia concentrica @ BPI (4)

Daldinia vernicosa @ BPI (3)

Hypoxylon fusarum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon fuscum @ BPI (29)

Hypoxylon julianii @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon mammatum @ BPI (12)

Hypoxylon multiforme @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon sassafras @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon @ BPI (2)

Rosellinia mammiformis @ BPI (1)
_  Cercoseptoria vermiformis @ BPI (1)

Cryptosporium neesii @ 401732B (1); 401724B (1); 401723B (1); BPI (3); 401724A (1); 401732A (1); 401722A (1); 401723A (1); 401722B (1)

Cytosporopsis umbrina @ BPI (1)

Dendrophoma pulvis-pyrius @ BPI (1)

Didymosporium profusum @ BPI (1)

Disculina neesii @ BPI (2)

Gloeocystidium calciferum @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporidium alneum @ BPI (3)

Hannabura alnosa @ NCSU_ENT (8)

Hendersoniopsis thelebola @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus umbrinus @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium alneum @ BPI (5)

Myxofusicoccum alni @ BPI (1)

Naemaspora alni @ 401937A (1); BPI (1); 401937B (1)

Naemaspora microspora @ BPI (2)

Physisporus variecolor @ BPI (1)

Septonema nitidum @ BPI (2)

Sphaeronaema pruinosum @ BPI (1)

Stilbospora thelebola @ BPI (1)

Stromatoscypha fimbriata @ BPI (1)

Valsaria foedans @ BPI (2)

Valsaria moroides @ BPI (2)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Betulaceae | Alnus

5. Alnus incana (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus. 424. 1794.

Betula alnus Linnaeus var. (ß) incana Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 983. 1753

Trees and shrubs , to 25 m; crowns open. Bark light to dark gray, reddish, or brown, smooth, or in age broken into irregular plates; lenticels present or absent, conspicuous, enlarged or unexpanded. Winter buds stipitate, ellipsoid, 4--7 mm, apex rounded to nearly acute; stalk 1--3 mm; scales 2--3, equal, valvate, resin-coated. Leaf blade narrowly ovate to elliptic, base cuneate to narrowly rounded, margins doubly serrate, with distinctly larger secondary teeth, apex acute or short-acuminate to obtuse. Inflorescences formed season before flowering and exposed during winter. Flowering before new growth in spring. Infructescences ovoid to nearly cylindric; peduncles relatively short and stout. Samaras elliptic to obovate, wings narrower than body, irregular in shape.

Subspecies 4 (2 in the flora).

Native Americans used Alnus incana medicinally to treat anemia, as an emetic, a compress or wash for sore eyes, and a diaphoretic, for internal bleeding, urinary problems, sprains, bruises or backaches, itches, flux, and piles, to cure saddle gall in horses, and when mixed with powdered bumblebees, as an aid for difficult labor (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Updated: 2024-05-25 22:58:30 gmt
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