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Antennarius biocellatus (Cuvier, 1817)
Brackish Frogfish

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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Lophiiformes  
 Family Antennariidae  
 Genus Antennarius  
  Antennarius biocellatus    (Cuvier, 1817) 
Provider: Hsuan-Ching Ho 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Antennarius notophthalmus Antennarius sp. Chironectes biocellatus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-鮟鱇目(蘇等, 2002);
Character: Dorsal rays 12; anal rays 7; pectoral rays 9. Body globe; illicium slightly shorter than second dorsal spine, with dark bands; esca oval in shape, bearing with numerous short appendages; second dorsal spine free from head; cross area between second and third dorsal spine naked; anterior end of pterygiophore posterior to symphysis of upper jaw; distal 2/3 of maxilla naked; conspicuous cutaneous appendages on chin; a dark pigmented spot encircled by a lightly ring on dorsal fin base; caudal peduncle present; all anal fin rays bifurcate, all pectoral fin rays simple, the last pelvic fin ray bifurcate; bright red in color with dark-red or black markings. It had been recorded from Taiwan in Burgess & Axelrod, 1974 and Choo, 1974.  
Habitat: It inhabits shallow marine bottom at rocky and coral reefs, always mimics surrounding sponges and coral reef, most specimens were taken at 10 m depth or less. Always using the stalked pectoral and pelvic fins to slowly walk across the bottom. First dorsal 
Distribution: Restricted to the islands in West Indian Ocean to Indonesia. Sometimes occupying brachish or freshwater environments. It is not common species occurring in Taiwan. 
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 381137
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Antennarius biocellatus (Cuvier , 1817)

Brackishwater frogfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Antennarius biocellatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Antennarius biocellatus (Brackishwater frogfish) Antennarius biocellatus
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Antennariidae (Frogfishes) > Antennariinae
Etymology: Antennarius: From Latin, antenna, antemna = sensory organ (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Cuvier .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 90102 ).   Tropical; 19°N - 12°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Indonesia, New Guinea, the Solomons, the Philippines and Taiwan. Reported from Palau (Ref. 2847 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal soft rays : 6 - 7. Usually features one or two ocelli on the soft dorsal fin. Length to 14 cm (Ref. 48635 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Unusual among antennariids in often occupying brackish or even totally freshwater habitats. Most specimens were taken at 10 m depth or less. Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker , 1987. Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Poisonous to eat

Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
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Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 28 - 29.3, mean 28.8 (based on 827 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec assumed to be > 10,000). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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