South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Kent Island, TAS to Port Hedland, WA; temperate.
Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35)
Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to western and southern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
Occurs near the shore and on the continental shelf from coastal fringe. Common on sandy beaches and seagrass beds (Ref.
). Mainly feeds on decapod crustaceans and small bony fishes. Females produces litters up to 16 pups. Maturity size for males at ca. 65 cm TL (Ref.
). Juveniles are caught with seines.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 16.3 - 26.7, mean 18.3 (based on 218 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00250 - 0.02200), b=3.00 (2.75 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
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