FishBase | Search | All Living Things


Dasyatis brevicaudata (Hutton, 1875)
SMOOTH STINGRAY
Captain Cook's Stingaree; Giant Black Ray; Giant Stingray; New Zealand Short-tail Stingaree; New Zealand Short-tailed Stingaree; Schreiners Ray; Short-tail Stingray; Whai Repo; Bathytoshia brevicaudata Hutton, 1875; Dasybatus brevicaudata Hutton, 1875; Trygon brevicaudatus Hutton, 1875

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Dasyatidae   Dasyatis


Click on map for details about points.

Links

    We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • Australian Faunal Directory
  • FishBase

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
   Top | See original

http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/bfe9dd71-1bc1-4298-b199-9d83062a59a2 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/bfe9dd71-1bc1-4298-b199-9d83062a59a2
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/bfe9dd71-1bc1-4298-b199-9d83062a59a2 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/548b1d97-1dc8-49d6-9fe9-13c7b4a70f40;jsessionid=63E10595F300272B675D89AB101BC616
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/548b1d97-1dc8-49d6-9fe9-13c7b4a70f40;jsessionid=63E10595F300272B675D89AB101BC616 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/548b1d97-1dc8-49d6-9fe9-13c7b4a70f40;jsessionid=63E10595F300272B675D89AB101BC616
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/548b1d97-1dc8-49d6-9fe9-13c7b4a70f40;jsessionid=63E10595F300272B675D89AB101BC616

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Dasyatis&speciesname=brevicaudata ---> http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Dasyatis-brevicaudata.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Bathytoshia brevicaudata   (Hutton, 1875)

Short-tail stingray Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Bathytoshia brevicaudata (Short-tail stingray) Bathytoshia brevicaudata
Picture by Danna, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 0 - 476 m (Ref. 5578 ), usually 0 - 200 m (Ref. 89422 ).   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: southern Mozambique and South Africa (Ref. 5578 ), New Zealand, and temperate and subtropical coasts of Australia. Accounts of this species from Thailand may be of the closely related Dasyatis matsubarai .

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 430 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5578 ); common length : 125 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0. A huge, thick, plain stingray with a bluntly angular snout, and a pectoral disc with round tips; tail thick-based and shorter than body (longer in young) with a small upper and a long lower caudal finfold, the lower not reaching the tail tip; disc smooth except for large, slender thorn on tail in front of stings; often 2 stings, the front one small, the rear one huge (Ref. 5578 ). Grey-brown or bluish-grey dorsally with a row small, pale blue spots at each pectoral fin base; white ventrally; tail plain (Ref. 5578 ). The caudal fin is replaced by a long whip-like tail (Ref. 26346 ). Tail shorter than or the same length as the disc (Ref. 26346 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs offshore, on the outer shelf and uppermost slope; sometimes close inshore (Ref. 5578 ), in very shallow ( 0 m) depths (Ref. 26346 ). Found on sandy bottoms, in bays, harbors, and near rocky reefs (Ref. 12951 ). Often in aggregations (Ref. 12951 ). Feeds on fishes, bivalves, squid, and crustaceans (Ref. 12951 ). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449 ). Reputed to be the largest stingray in the world weighing more than 350,000 g (Ref. 6871 ). Frequently raises its tail in a scorpion-like fashion when approached, but is considered more as inquisitive rather than aggressive (Ref. 6871 ). The barbed tail however can inflict a severe or potentially fatal wound (Ref. 6871 ). Sometimes caught by anglers (Ref. 5578 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449 ). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205 ). During courtship, the male will hold onto the pectoral margin of a female (sometimes for hours) as she swims through the water. The male flips under the female and inserts a clasper. The male beats his tail from side to side to move the clasper backward and forward in the cloca. Copulation lasts 3-5 minutes. Males have been observed to nudge the female's abdomen during parturition. Viviparous, young born at about 36 cm WD (Ref. 6871 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens , 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 4716 )




Human uses

Gamefish: yes FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Identification keys | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 14.6 - 28.5, mean 24.1 (based on 2002 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00306 - 0.01967), b=3.02 (2.80 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.9   ±0.51 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Very high vulnerability (87 of 100) .

Entered by Torres, Armi G. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
Accessed through: Not available FishBase mirror site : Stockholm, Sweden Page last modified by : mrius-barile - 20 July 2016
Total processing time for the page : 0.3419 seconds

Updated: 2018-09-24 19:50:59 gmt
FishBase | Search | All Living Things | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation