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Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth.
HAIRY PAGODA-PLANT
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lamiaceae   Blephilia

Blephilia hirsuta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Blephilia hirsuta

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Blephilia hirsuta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Blephilia hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Blephilia hirsuta

Blephilia hirsuta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Blephilia hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Blephilia hirsuta

Blephilia hirsuta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Blephilia hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Blephilia hirsuta

Blephilia hirsuta, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia hirsuta, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Blephilia hirsuta, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia hirsuta, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Blephilia hirsuta, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia hirsuta, whole plant - in flower - general view
Blephilia hirsuta, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia hirsuta, whole plant - in flower - general view

Blephilia hirsuta, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia hirsuta, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Blephilia hirsuta, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia hirsuta, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Blephilia hirsuta, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia hirsuta, stem - showing leaf bases

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia menthae-americana @ BPI (2)

Puccinia menthae @ BPI (28)

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Following served from Missouri Botanical Garden
   
Top | See original context

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   
Top | See original


Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth.

Wood Mint

Blephilia hirsuta plant

Family - Lamiaceae

Habit - Rhizomatous perennial forb with fibrous roots. Entire plant with strong minty fragrance.

Stems - Erect, to 1.2 m, usually with spreading to ascending branches (especially late in season), 4-angled, single or multiple from base, moderately to densely pubescent with spreading hairs.

Blephilia hirsuta stem2 Stem and node.

Leaves - Opposite, decussate, petiolate. Blades typically ovate, to 8 cm, toothed, the upper surface glabrous or sparsely pubescent with short, fine hairs, the undersurface sparsely to moderately pubescent with short, fine hairs, sometimes also with sparse longer hairs along the main veins. Petioles to 2.5 cm long, hirsute.

Blephilia hirsuta leaf1 Leaf adaxial.

Blephilia hirsuta leaf2 Leaf abaxial.

Blephilia hirsuta leaves Leaves.

Inflorescence - Terminal spikes consisting of 1-5 dense, headlike clusters that are noticeably separate along the axis, each with numerous flowers, these sessile or nearly so, subtended by a pair of leaflike bracts and an involucre of conspicuous bractlets, these lanceolate, 6-10 mm long, with spreading hairs on the margins.

Blephilia hirsuta inflorescence Inflorescence.

Flowers - Calyces zygomorphic, symmetric at the base, more or less cylindric, the tube strongly 13-ribbed, glabrous in the mouth, hairy externally, 2-lipped, the lobes shorter than to about as long as the tube, the upper lip 3-lobed, noticeably longer than the 2-lobed lower lip, the lobes narrowly triangular. Corollas zygomorphic, white with purplish spots, the outer surface moderately to densely pubescent with fine, spreading hairs, the inner surface glabrous, the tube funnelform, to 8 mm, relatively shallowly 2-lipped, the upper lip shallowly 2-lobed, slightly concave to spreading to recurved, the lower lip more or less straight to slightly spreading, 3-lobed. Central lobe of lower lip thin, with parallel margins, emarginate to shallowly lobed at apex, longer than lateral lobes. Stamens 2, initially hidden under the upper corolla lip, but becoming exserted at maturity. Filaments white, glabrous, fused near apex of corolla tube, 6 mm long. Anthers small, the connective very short and inconspicuous, the pollen sacs 2, appearing more or less sessile and spreading from the filament tip, pink or purplish-tinged to white or pale yellow. Ovary deeply lobed, the style appearing lateral to nearly basal from a deep apical notch. Style exserted, unequally 2-branched at the tip, 1 cm long, glabrous, white. Stigma 2-lobed.

Blephilia hirsuta calyces Calyces (top view).

Blephilia hirsuta flowers2 Flowers.

Blephilia_hirsuta_flowers

Fruits - Dry schizocarps, separating into 4 nutlets, these 0.9-1.2 mm long, oblong-obovoid, the surface tan to reddish brown, glabrous, unevenly roughened or pebbled.

Flowering - May - September.

Habitat - Bottomland and mesic forests, bluff bases, streambanks.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Lookalikes - Blephilia ciliata .

Other info. - This plant is most common in the southeastern half of Missouri, and occurs throughout the U.S. Midwest and into Canada. It is typically a bottomland species, favoring much moister and more shaded habitats than its sibling B. ciliata . Other distinguishing features relative to that species are longer leaf petioles, flowers which are mostly white, a taller and more branched habit, and fragrance which is strongly minty. Although aroma is a subjective character, it is this author's opinion that B. hirsuta has a stronger and more pleasant fragrance than B. ciliata , in opposition to the reversed assertion in Yatskievych's Flora of Missouri . The plant is a favorite among the local insect population, and some authors have also noted that it is hard to find an individual which has not been browsed.

Missouri plants are referrable to var. hirsuta . A second variety (var glabrata Fern.) with glabrous foliage has been described, but this form is rare and has not been recorded from Missouri.

Photographs taken off Northwood Rd., Platte County, MO., 6-25-00, in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO., 6-28-03, and in the Skyline Wildlife Management Area, AL., 6-25-05 (DETenaglia); also at Weldon Spring Conservation Area, St. Charles County, MO, 7-5-2015 (SRTurner).


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BLHI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BLHI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BLHI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BLHI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BLHI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BLHI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth.
hairy pagoda-plant

Image of Blephilia hirsuta

General Information
Symbol: BLHI
Group: Dicot
Family: Lamiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Blephilia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 135. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae ⁄ Labiatae – Mint family
Genus Blephilia Raf. – pagoda-plant
Species Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth. – hairy pagoda-plant

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Blephilia hirsuta . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Blephilia hirsuta</i>
(Pursh) Benth. var. <i>
glabrata</i>
Fernald
Blephilia hirsuta var. glabrata
hairy pagoda-plant Distribution of <i>
Blephilia hirsuta</i>
(Pursh) Benth. var. <i>
hirsuta </i>
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
hairy pagoda-plant

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Connecticut hairy woodmint Special Concern
Massachusetts hairy wood-mint Endangered
Vermont hairy wood-mint Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BLHI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BLHI)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (BLHI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BLHI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Blephilia+hirsuta+var.+hirsuta+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Blephilia+hirsuta+var.+hirsuta+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 21
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4628 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4629 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4630 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4631 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4632 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4633 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4634 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4635 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4636 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4637 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4638 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4639 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4640 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4641 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4642 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4643 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4644 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4645 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4646 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4647 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Blephilia hirsuta var. hirsuta
Hairy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4648 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

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