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Brachirus orientalis (Bloch &. Schneider, 1801)
ORIENTAL SOLE
Black Sole; Synaptura cinerea De Vis, 1883; Pleuronectes orientalis Bloch and Schneider, 1801

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Soleidae   Brachirus

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/871f315c-6214-41cb-8053-87a55e4fd0cb/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/871f315c-6214-41cb-8053-87a55e4fd0cb/
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Pleuronectiformes  
 Family Soleidae  
 Genus Brachirus  
  Brachirus orientalis    (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Euryglossa orientalis Pleuronectes orientalis Synaptura filamentosa Synaptura orientalis   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Name Code: 382774
   Marine     
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Brachirus&speciesname=orientalis ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Brachirus&speciesname=orientalis
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Brachirus&speciesname=orientalis ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Brachirus-orientalis.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Brachirus orientalis (Bloch & Schneider , 1801)

Oriental sole Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Brachirus orientalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Brachirus orientalis (Oriental sole) Brachirus orientalis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Soleidae (Soles)
Etymology: Brachirus: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 15 - 20 m (Ref. 11790 ).   Tropical; 31°N - 43°S, 47°E - 149°E (Ref. 57002 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Persian Gulf, then off the west coast of India and Sri Lanka, eastward through the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago to China and northern Australia. Recorded from the mouth of Vivany River in Madagascar (Ref. 6805 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116549 ); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3505 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow sand and mud bottoms in coastal waters. Enters brackish waters (Ref. 6805 ). Reported to enter fresh waters (Ref. 4833 ). Feeds mainly on bottom-dwelling invertebrates, especially small crustaceans (Ref. 30573 ). Marketed fresh, frozen and dried salted.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Munroe, T.A. , 2001. Soleidae. Soles. p. 3878-3889. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9893 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 25.6 - 29.2, mean 28.5 (based on 2132 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00533 - 0.01424), b=3.02 (2.87 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items. Generation time: 5.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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