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Brama japonica Hilgendorf, 1878
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Bramidae   Brama

Brama japonica
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Brama japonica

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Main identification features
  • body depth 43-50 percent sl
  • 65-75 lateral scales
  • gill rakers: 17-20
Head and body compressed, an elongate oval tapering to slender tail base; snout short, bluntly rounded; mouth at front, strongly oblique; between eyes strongly rounded; head profile convex; 17-20 rakers on 1st gill arch; dorsal originates over pectoral, low with small lobe at front; anal low, with small front lobe; tail deeply concave; pectoral low on body, long, reaches to ~middle of anal fin; pelvics small, inserted under rear of pectoral base; scales small, cover body, nape, cheeks, operculum, and top jaw; dorsal & anal fins scaly; body relatively shallow (depth 43-50% of standard length); dorsal 33-36 (usually 35) rays; anal 27-30 (usually 28) rays; pectoral 21-23 (usually 22) rays; 65-75 lateral scales.

Black to dark grey, with silvery and blue reflections; snout and jaws black; pectorals and tail dark with pale margins; dorsal, anal and pelvics with black margins.

Size: 61 cm.

Habitat: oceanic pelagic, near surface.

Depth: 0-620 m.

A temperate north and south Pacific species; in the eastern Pacific it is known from between Washington State in the US to off central Baja and from Ecuador to Chile, plus off the Galapagos.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); Antitropical (North and South temperate); North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California).
Depth Range Max: 620 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; Pelagic crustacea; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=48; Southern limit=-20; Western limit=-125; Eastern limit=-70; Latitudinal range=68; Longitudinal range=55.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 61 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California + Peruvian provinces, primarily; Continent + Island (s); All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Chirichigno, N., 1978., Nuevas adiciones a la ictiofauna marina del Peru., Instituto del Mar del Peru, Informe., 46:1-109.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Hilgendorf,., 1878., Über das Vorkommen einer Brama-Art und einer neuen Fischgattung Centropholis aus der Nachbarschaft des Genus *Brama* in den japanischen Meeren., Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin, 1878:1-2.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Mead, G. W., 1972., Bramidae., Dana Report, (81):1-166.


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