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Brama japonica Hilgendorf, 1878
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Brama japonica
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Brama japonica

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  • Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Main identification features
  • body depth 43-50 percent sl
  • 65-75 lateral scales
  • gill rakers: 17-20
Head and body compressed, an elongate oval tapering to slender tail base; snout short, bluntly rounded; mouth at front, strongly oblique; between eyes strongly rounded; head profile convex; 17-20 rakers on 1st gill arch; dorsal originates over pectoral, low with small lobe at front; anal low, with small front lobe; tail deeply concave; pectoral low on body, long, reaches to ~middle of anal fin; pelvics small, inserted under rear of pectoral base; scales small, cover body, nape, cheeks, operculum, and top jaw; dorsal & anal fins scaly; body relatively shallow (depth 43-50% of standard length); dorsal 33-36 (usually 35) rays; anal 27-30 (usually 28) rays; pectoral 21-23 (usually 22) rays; 65-75 lateral scales.

Black to dark grey, with silvery and blue reflections; snout and jaws black; pectorals and tail dark with pale margins; dorsal, anal and pelvics with black margins.

Size: 61 cm.

Habitat: oceanic pelagic, near surface.

Depth: 0-620 m.

A temperate north and south Pacific species; in the eastern Pacific it is known from between Washington State in the US to off central Baja and from Ecuador to Chile, plus off the Galapagos.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); Antitropical (North and South temperate); North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California).
Depth Range Max: 620 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; Pelagic crustacea; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=48; Southern limit=-20; Western limit=-125; Eastern limit=-70; Latitudinal range=68; Longitudinal range=55.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 61 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California + Peruvian provinces, primarily; Continent + Island (s); All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Barez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Chirichigno, N., 1978., Nuevas adiciones a la ictiofauna marina del Peru., Instituto del Mar del Peru, Informe., 46:1-109.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Hilgendorf,., 1878., ber das Vorkommen einer Brama-Art und einer neuen Fischgattung Centropholis aus der Nachbarschaft des Genus *Brama* in den japanischen Meeren., Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin, 1878:1-2.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Barez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Mead, G. W., 1972., Bramidae., Dana Report, (81):1-166.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Bramidae  
 Genus Brama  
  Brama japonica    Hilgendorf, 1878 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Brama raii   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body very deep, very compressed; forehead moderately arched. Upper lip fused to head just forward of anterior nostril. Eye subequal or slightly larger than snout. Palatine and vomerine teeth small and sometimes absent. Total gill rakers in first gill arch 17 to 20. Dorsal fin originating about above pectoral-fin base; dorsal and anal fins mostly covered by scales, no sheath of scales at their bases, fins depressed; no anal-fin lobe; dorsal-fin rays 33-36; anal-fin rays 27-30. Scales in horizontal series 65-75. Vertebrae 39-41. Body dark gray with silvery iridescence, slightly darker dorsally; underside of pectoral-fin base pale or dusky; vertical fins dark; pectoral and pelvic fins translucent. 
Habitat: Oceanic species which occurs near the surface to 400 m depth. Ascending to surface waters at night. Feeds on crustaceans, small fishes and squid. Rarely caught inshore. Highly migratory species. 
Distribution: Distributed in the Pacific Ocean from Japan to Bering Sea, and south to Peru. Reported from the Philippines and Taiwan. It is found in northern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: A good quality foodfish. Marketed mainly fresh. 
Name Code: 381457
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