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Brama japonica Hilgendorf, 1878
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Bramidae   Brama

Brama japonica
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Brama japonica

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Main identification features
  • body depth 43-50 percent sl
  • 65-75 lateral scales
  • gill rakers: 17-20
Head and body compressed, an elongate oval tapering to slender tail base; snout short, bluntly rounded; mouth at front, strongly oblique; between eyes strongly rounded; head profile convex; 17-20 rakers on 1st gill arch; dorsal originates over pectoral, low with small lobe at front; anal low, with small front lobe; tail deeply concave; pectoral low on body, long, reaches to ~middle of anal fin; pelvics small, inserted under rear of pectoral base; scales small, cover body, nape, cheeks, operculum, and top jaw; dorsal & anal fins scaly; body relatively shallow (depth 43-50% of standard length); dorsal 33-36 (usually 35) rays; anal 27-30 (usually 28) rays; pectoral 21-23 (usually 22) rays; 65-75 lateral scales.

Black to dark grey, with silvery and blue reflections; snout and jaws black; pectorals and tail dark with pale margins; dorsal, anal and pelvics with black margins.

Size: 61 cm.

Habitat: oceanic pelagic, near surface.

Depth: 0-620 m.

A temperate north and south Pacific species; in the eastern Pacific it is known from between Washington State in the US to off central Baja and from Ecuador to Chile, plus off the Galapagos.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); Antitropical (North and South temperate); North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California).
Depth Range Max: 620 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; Pelagic crustacea; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=48; Southern limit=-20; Western limit=-125; Eastern limit=-70; Latitudinal range=68; Longitudinal range=55.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 61 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California + Peruvian provinces, primarily; Continent + Island (s); All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Barez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Chirichigno, N., 1978., Nuevas adiciones a la ictiofauna marina del Peru., Instituto del Mar del Peru, Informe., 46:1-109.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Hilgendorf,., 1878., ber das Vorkommen einer Brama-Art und einer neuen Fischgattung Centropholis aus der Nachbarschaft des Genus *Brama* in den japanischen Meeren., Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin, 1878:1-2.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Barez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Mead, G. W., 1972., Bramidae., Dana Report, (81):1-166.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Bramidae  
 Genus Brama  
  Brama japonica    Hilgendorf, 1878 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Brama raii   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body very deep, very compressed; forehead moderately arched. Upper lip fused to head just forward of anterior nostril. Eye subequal or slightly larger than snout. Palatine and vomerine teeth small and sometimes absent. Total gill rakers in first gill arch 17 to 20. Dorsal fin originating about above pectoral-fin base; dorsal and anal fins mostly covered by scales, no sheath of scales at their bases, fins depressed; no anal-fin lobe; dorsal-fin rays 33-36; anal-fin rays 27-30. Scales in horizontal series 65-75. Vertebrae 39-41. Body dark gray with silvery iridescence, slightly darker dorsally; underside of pectoral-fin base pale or dusky; vertical fins dark; pectoral and pelvic fins translucent. 
Habitat: Oceanic species which occurs near the surface to 400 m depth. Ascending to surface waters at night. Feeds on crustaceans, small fishes and squid. Rarely caught inshore. Highly migratory species. 
Distribution: Distributed in the Pacific Ocean from Japan to Bering Sea, and south to Peru. Reported from the Philippines and Taiwan. It is found in northern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: A good quality foodfish. Marketed mainly fresh. 
Name Code: 381457
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Following modified from FishBase
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Brama japonica Hilgendorf , 1878

Pacific pomfret Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Brama japonica   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Brama japonica (Pacific pomfret) Brama japonica
Picture by Gotshall, D.W.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Bramidae (Pomfrets)
Etymology: Brama: Old French, breme, bresme = a fresh water fish; 1460 (Ref. 45335 ) ;   japonica: Named after Japan, its type locality (Ref. 6885 ) .  More on author: Hilgendorf .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 271 - 620 m (Ref. 50610 ).   Subtropical; 9°C - 21°C (Ref. 33866 ); 66°N -

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: Japan to Bering Sea, and south to Peru. Reported from the Philippines (Ref. 6956 ) and Taiwan (Ref. 5193 ). Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 30 - 42 cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850 ); max. published weight: 2.7 kg (Ref. 56527 ); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 56527 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 33-36; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 27 - 30. Dorsal and anal fins in adults with scales, without basal sheath of scales, and not fully depressible Interorbital space in adults strongly convex, the profile notably arched. Scales on caudal peduncle forming a graded size series with those on the bases of the midcaudal peduncle rays.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oceanic species which occurs near the surface (Ref. 2850 ). Feeds on crustaceans (amphipods and euphausiids), small fishes and squid (Ref. 4563 ). Rarely caught inshore (Ref. 2850 ). Good food fish (Ref. 6885 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Thompson, Bruce | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann , 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 3.2 - 13, mean 9.4 (based on 240 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00899 - 0.03359), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.4   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies. Generation time: 5.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=4). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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