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Callorhinchus milii Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1823
ELEPHANTFISH
Elephant Fish; Elephant Shark; Ghost Shark; Ghostshark; Plownose Chimaera; Reperepe; Silver Fish; White Fillets; White Fish; White-fish; Whitefish; Callorhynchus callorynchus Linnaeus, 1758; Callorhynchus milii Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1823; Callorychus milii Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1823; Callorhynchus australis Owen, 1852; Callorhynchus tasmanius Richardson, 1840

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Callorhinchidae   Callorhinchus


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Callorhinchus&speciesname=milii ---> http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Callorhinchus&speciesname=milii
http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Callorhinchus&speciesname=milii ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Callorhinchus&speciesname=milii
https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Callorhinchus&speciesname=milii ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/summary/Callorhinchus-milii.html
Callorhinchus milii, Ghost shark : fisheries
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Callorhinchus milii Bory de Saint-Vincent , 1823

Ghost shark Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Callorhinchus milii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Callorhinchus milii (Ghost shark) Callorhinchus milii
Picture by Aitken, K.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Callorhinchidae (Plownose chimaeras)
Etymology: Callorhinchus: Tautonymous with Chimaera callorynchus Linnaeus 1758 (but unnecessarily emended from -rynchus to -rhinchus : callum (L.), hard skin; rhynchus (L.), snout, referring to peculiar hoe-shaped proboscis. ( See ETYFish ) ;   milii: In honor of Bory de Saint-Vincent’s “old friend” (translation) Pierre Bernard Milius (1773‒1829), a French naval officer, naturalist and civil servant, who supplied specimen upon which description and its accompanying illustration (shown here) were based; ( See ETYFish ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 227 m (Ref. 26346 ). Subtropical; 33°S - 50°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: southern Australia and New Zealand.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 71.0 , range 70 - ? cm
Max length : 125 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26346 ); common length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on continental shelves to depths of at least 200 m (Ref. 6871 ). Migrates into large estuaries and inshore bays in the spring to breed (Ref. 6871 ). Feeds mainly on shellfish (Ref. 26346 ). Oviparous (Ref. 50449 ). Eggs are encased in horny shells (Ref. 205 ). Flesh is of good eating quality. Males have a small, club-like protuberance on the head and also long copulation organs near the pelvic fins (Ref. 557 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Migrates into large estuaries and inshore bays in the spring to breed (Ref. 6871 ). Oviparous, two egg cases (Ref. 26346 ) are laid on sandy or muddy bottoms and take up to 8 months to hatch (Ref. 6871 ). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449 ).Young hatch at about 15 cm (Ref. 26346 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens , 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 17 April 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO - Fisheries: landings ; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Fisheries: landings ; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 12.1 - 18.2, mean 15.2 °C (based on 179 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00203 - 0.01181), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.29 se; based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.06-0.47; tm=2-6; Fec=2). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High vulnerability (55 of 100). Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649 ):  Very high vulnerability (83 of 100). Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 25.5 [6.4, 69.6] mg/100g; Iron = 0.758 [0.284, 2.957] mg/100g; Protein = 14.3 [11.2, 18.8] %; Omega3 = 0.258 [0.116, 0.579] g/100g; Selenium = 32 [9, 84] μg/100g; VitaminA = 7.14 [3.03, 17.16] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.661 [0.338, 1.252] mg/100g (wet weight);

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Updated: 2024-07-14 17:45:38 gmt
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