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Canna indica L.
Indian shot; Canna surinamensis; Canna pallida; Canna lambertii; Canna coccinea; Canna formosa; Canna heliconiifolia; Canna lutea; Platanillo

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Cannaceae   Canna


Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Oospora roseoflava @ BPI (1)

Oospora virescens @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora malorum @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium bulbotrichum @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia cannae @ BPI (3)

Puccinia thaliae @ BPI (16)
_  Myrmaecium cannae @ BPI (3)

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Canna indica L.
Indian shot

Image of Canna indica

General Information
Symbol: CAIN19
Group: Monocot
Family: Cannaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : HI   I
L48   I
PB   I
PR   I
VI   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Canna thumbnails at the Plants Gallery



Symbol Scientific Name
CACO23 Canna coccinea Mill.
CAED2 Canna edulis Ker Gawl.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Zingiberidae
Order Zingiberales
Family Cannaceae – Canna family
Genus Canna L. – canna
Species Canna indica L. – Indian shot

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FAC
Hawaii FACU
North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW

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More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CAIN19)
Flora of North America (CAIN19)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CACO23)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAED2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAIN19)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CAIN19)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Cannaceae | Canna

1. Canna indica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 1. 1753.

Indian-shot, platanillo

Canna coccinea Miller; C. discolor Lindley; C. edulis Ker Gawler; C. lutea Miller; C. warscewiczii Dietrich

Rhizomes fleshy. Leaves: sheath glabrous; blade narrowly ovate to ovate, 20--60 ´ 10--30 cm, base obtuse to narrowly cuneate, apex shortly acuminate to acute, abaxially and adaxially glabrous. Inflorescences racemes, sometimes branched, bearing 1- to 2-flowered cincinni, 6--20 per inflorescence; primary bracts to 15 cm; secondary bracts to 9 cm; floral bracts persistent, broadly obovate to narrowly (ob)ovate(-triangular), 0.5--3 ´ 0.5--1.5 cm, apex entire, often glaucous; bracteoles (ovate-)triangular, 0.5--2 ´ 0.3--0.8 cm, apex entire. Flowers red to yellow-orange, never pure yellow (except in some hybrid cultivars), 4.5--7.5 cm; pedicels 0.2--1 cm, to 1.5 cm in fruit; sepals narrowly triangular, 0.9--1.7 ´ 0.2--0.5 cm; petals erect, 4--6.5 cm, tube 0.5--1.5 cm, lobes lanceolate to narrowly oblong, 3.5--5 ´ 0.4--0.7 cm; staminodes 3--4, narrowly obovate to spatulate, 4.5--7.5 cm, free part 0.3--0.5 cm wide, apex rounded, acute, or cleft; labellum reflexed, narrowly oblong, approximately equal to other staminodes. Capsules ellipsoid to nearly globose, 1.5--3 ´ 1.5--2 cm. Seeds black, globose to nearly globose, 5--8 ´ 4--6.7 mm diam. 2n = 18.

Flowering primarily spring--summer; fruiting summer--early fall. Often, if not always, in secondary growth and waste places; 0--100 m; apparently introduced; Fla., La., S.C., Tex.

Canna indica is probably native to neotropics and is now common throughout tropics and subtropics.

Updated: 2020-08-08 09:45:45 gmt
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