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Carangoides gymnostethus (Cuvier, 1833)
BLUDGER TREVALLY
Bludger; Caranx gymnostethoides Bleeker, 1851; Carangoides gymnostethoides Bleeker, 1851; Ferdauia claeszooni prestonensis Whitley, 1947; Caranx gymnostethus Cuvier, 1833

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Carangidae   Carangoides


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/70a176ef-da5a-4b84-8d32-069be26158df/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/70a176ef-da5a-4b84-8d32-069be26158df/
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/70a176ef-da5a-4b84-8d32-069be26158df/

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Carangidae  
 Genus Carangoides  
  Carangoides gymnostethus    (Cuvier, 1833) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Carangoides gymnostethoides Caranx gymnostethoides Caranx gymnostethus Ferdauia claeszooni prestonensis   details
Citation: Lin & Shao(1999)
Character: D. VIII, I+30-31; A. II, I+25-27; P. i+18-20; G.R. 8+21; CLS. 78-80; SLS. 15-19 scales, 21-27 scutes; vertebrate 10+15. Breast naked ventrally to distinctly behind origin of pelvic fin; laterally, naked area of breast extend to naked base of pectoral fin. Adults olive-green above, silvery white below with a few brown or golden spots sometimes present midlaterally; opercular spot dusky and inconspicuous; dorsal, anal, and caudal fins pale olive-green to greenish grey, leading edge and distal margin of anal fin white; pelvic and pectoral fins pale green to hyaline. 
Habitat: Most common over slightly deeper offshore reefs. Larger individuals tend to be solitary, while juveniles form small schools. Feeds mainly on small prey, including shrimps. 
Distribution: Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific, but It is rare in Taiwan and only found in the southern part. 
Utility: Excellent food fish; marketed fresh, salted or dries. A good sportsfish. 
Name Code: 381519
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Carangoides&speciesname=gymnostethus ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Carangoides&speciesname=gymnostethus
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Carangoides&speciesname=gymnostethus ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Carangoides-gymnostethus.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Carangoides gymnostethus (Cuvier , 1833)

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Carangoides: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Cuvier .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 90102 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to New Caledonia, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef. Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287 ); common length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450 ); max. published weight: 14.5 kg (Ref. 3287 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 28-32; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 25 - 26.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit deep offshore reefs (Ref. 9710 , 48635 ). They are found near corals and rocks. Large individuals are solitary. They feed on shrimp and small fish (Ref. 5213 ). Juveniles form small schools. Excellent food fish (Ref. 12484 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley , 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.9 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1122 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02399 (0.01528 - 0.03767), b=2.92 (2.79 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.72 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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