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Caranx melampygus Cuvier, 1833
BLUEFIN TREVALLY
Blue-fin Trevally; Blue-finned Trevally; Spotted Trevally; Caranx stellatus Eydoux and Souleyet, 1848; Caranx valenciennei Castelnau, 1873

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Caranx melampygus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Caranx melampygus

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Overview
Main identification features
  • head angular
  • deep, compressed
  • blue + black dots
  • dorsal, anal and tail fins : blue
Body deep, compressed; head profile angular; dorsal rays VIII+I, 21-24; anal rays II+I,17-20; gill rakers on first arch (excluding rudiments) 5-9 + 17-20; lateral line with pronounced anterior arch; straight part of lateral line with 27-42 strong scutes; breast completely scaled.

Head and dorsal half of body brassy, suffused with blue and covered with small blue-black spots (forming at about 20 cm length and increasing in number with size); second dorsal, anal, and caudal fins electric blue; pectoral fins of juveniles yellow.

Maximum size to 100 cm; at least 10.8 kg.

Habitat: solitary or in small schools near reefs. Juveniles sometimes in estuaries.

Depth: 0-230 m.

Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Americas; the tip of Baja and the mouth of the Gulf of California to Ecuador and the offshore islands.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 230 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=28; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=30; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Water column; Reef (rock &/or coral).
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 100 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Eastern Pacific non-endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Brackish.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Mid Water; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Acero, A. and Franke, R., 2001., Peces del parque nacional natural Gorgona. En: Barrios, L. M. y M. Lopéz-Victoria (Eds.). Gorgona marina: Contribución al conocimiento de una isla única., INVEMAR, Serie Publicaciones Especiales No. 7:123-131.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1997., An Annotated Checklist of the fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Tropical Eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45:813-843.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castri-Aguirre, J.L., Espinoza-Pérez, H. and Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2002., Lista sitemática, biogeográfica y ecológica de la ictiofauna estuarino lagunar y vicaria de México. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:117-142.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L., 1999., Ictiofauna estuarino-lagunar y vicaria de México., Editorial Limusa S.A. de C.V.: 1-629pp.
  • Cuvier , G. and Valenciennes, A., 1833., Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome neuvième. Suite du livre neuvième. Des Scombéroïdes., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 9:1-512.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Franke , R. and Acero P., A., 1993., Peces Carangoideos del Parque Gorgona, Pacific Colombiano (Osteichthyes: Carangidae, Nemastistiidae y Coryphaenidae)., Revista de Biología Marina, Valparaiso, 28:51-73.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., Notes on a collection of fishes made by Lieut. Henry E. Nichols, U.S.N., on the west coast of Mexico, with descriptions of new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 4:225-233.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1975., Fishes collected at Malpelo Island. In Graham, J.B. (ed.) The Biological Investigation of Malpelo Island, Colombia., Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 176:91-93.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1925., The marine fishes of Panama. Part II., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:331-707.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Fishes collected from the Revillagigedo Islands during the 1954-1958 cruises of the "Marijean."., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 4:10pp.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Robertson , D.R. and Allen, G.A., 1996., Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll., Coral Reefs, 15:121-131.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.
  • Snodgrass , R. E. and Heller, E., 1905., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shorefishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos Island., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 6:333-427.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
  • Walker, B. W. and Baldwin, W. J., 1964., Provisional check list of fishes of the Revillagigedo islands., 18 pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Caranx&speciesname=melampygus ---> http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Caranx&speciesname=melampygus
http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Caranx&speciesname=melampygus ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Caranx&speciesname=melampygus
https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Caranx&speciesname=melampygus ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/summary/Caranx-melampygus.html
Caranx melampygus, Bluefin trevally : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Caranx melampygus Cuvier , 1833

Bluefin trevally Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Caranx melampygus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos | Google image Image of Caranx melampygus (Bluefin trevally) Caranx melampygus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Carangiformes (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on author: Cuvier .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 190 m (Ref. 9710 ). Tropical; 35°N - 35°S, 30°E - 78°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Ducie Island, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico to Panama (Ref. 9283 ). Hybrid with Caranx sexfasciatus found in Hawaii (Ref. 58422 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 35.0   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 117 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637 ); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3280 ); max. published weight: 43.5 kg (Ref. 4699 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-24; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 17 - 21; Vertebrae : 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: gill rakers (including rudiments) 5-9 + 17-21 = 25-29 (usually 26-27); breast completely scaly; straight part of lateral line with 0-10 anterior scales followed by 27-42 strong scutes; adipose eyelid weakly developed, small anteriorly, posterior adipose eyelid extends onto eye to rear border of pupil in large adults; upper jaw with outer row of strong canines widely spaced in adults, and an inner band of small villiform teeth, widest at symphysis; lower limb of first gill arch jaw with a single row of strong conical teeth widely spaced in adults. Colour of adults with head and dorsal half of body brassy, suffused with blue, and covered with small blue black spots (forming at about 16 to 22 cm fork length and increasing in number with size); second dorsal, anal, and caudal fins electric blue; juveniles and young adults, head and body silvery grey and fins pale to dark dusky, except pectoral fins yellow (Ref. 9894 , 90102 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The most common trevally in coral reefs occurring singly or occasionally in schools (Ref. 90102 ). Adults are pelagic in coastal and oceanic waters, associated with reefs (Ref. 9283 , 58302 ). Juveniles occur seasonally in shallow sandy inshore waters (Ref. 9710 ) and rivers (Ref. 12792 ). Adults feed mainly on other fishes (Ref. 9283 ) and crustaceans (Ref. 9710 ). They are often toxic when length reaches more than 50 cm (Ref. 4795 ). Mainly marketed fresh, but also dried or salted (Ref. 9283 ). They are caught primarily on hook-and-line and by spearing; also with traps and gill nets. An excellent sports fish (Ref. 9894 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley , 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690 )





Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums FAO - Fisheries: landings ; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Fisheries: landings ; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 23.2 - 29, mean 27.9 °C (based on 2624 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.01459 - 0.02168), b=2.95 (2.92 - 2.98), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.23; tm=2; Fec=49,700). Prior r = 0.69, 95% CL = 0.45 - 1.03, Based on 3 stock assessments. Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High vulnerability (56 of 100). Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649 ):  High to very high vulnerability (75 of 100). Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 14.7 [6.6, 29.0] mg/100g; Iron = 0.319 [0.174, 0.619] mg/100g; Protein = 20.3 [18.0, 22.7] %; Omega3 = 0.142 [0.084, 0.238] g/100g; Selenium = 56.3 [27.9, 115.0] μg/100g; VitaminA = 62.9 [18.4, 209.2] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.451 [0.325, 0.642] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.

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